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Chapter 7 Notes

by: Michael McDonald
Michael McDonald
GPA 3.8
Intro to Cultural and Linguistic Anthropology
Dr. Bridget Hayden

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Final Study Guide will be submitted by Wednesday night.
Intro to Cultural and Linguistic Anthropology
Dr. Bridget Hayden
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michael McDonald on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 220 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Dr. Bridget Hayden in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural and Linguistic Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Southern Mississippi.


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Date Created: 10/05/15
ANT 221 Chapter 7 Social Stratification I What is it 0 Division of society I Into groups I With unequal access to resources 0 It is culturally and socially constructed I Differentiating Criteria I Numbers of levels involved I What rights and privileges what are the important resources I How are strong is the gapborder between the groups 0 It defines rights roles standards for the society 0 How can we measure it 0 Income I In US income gap has increased drastically between the bottom 10th percentile and top 90th percentile O Gini Coefficient I Based on Lorenz Curve I Larger Number More Unequal 0 How to understand it 0 Theories regarding inequality I Unavoidable 0 Integrative theory of social stratification I Functionalists e g Durkheim I What kinds of cultural beliefs justify it 0 Examples caste class 0 Key concept hegemony I dominance especially by one country or social group over others 0 What is class I Social grouping based on income wealth prestige I Economic stratification 0 Income 0 Wealth I Occupational Status I Prestige based on occupation I We take meaning and identity from our jobscareers I Some degree of mobility O Naturalization and Ideologies Naturalization belief that something is right and natural how thing have to be How is class naturalized in the US 0 Hegemony and control of institutions 0 Church 0 Education 0 What are some effects 0 Youth and Class A Global Issue 0 Debt Unemployment higher in youth Some evidence that higher youth debt in lower classes 0 What do different forms of stratification articulate with each other 0 Caste Stratification Assigned at birth 0 E g India Lack of mobility Closed system of stratification Jati subcaste Untouchables Dalit rights movement 0 Justified by culturalreligious beliefs 0 Reincarnation Essentially it s your own fault you are in a low caste There is hope for you to move up though if you live a good life 0 Class Stratification Moderate mobility open system of stratification 0 Social Construction of Intelligence What is intelligence How can it be measured Is there such a thing US Ideology We have innate qualities amp we have equal opportunity to succeed but do we 0 If we don t succeed either we are stupid or lazy Lies Intelligence measures assume 0 It is just one thing 0 Can be measured and is unequally distributed 0 Explains success 0 Inherited 0 Maybe it includes a skill for listening questioning etc instead This is a culturally specific concept Lower classes parents want kids to be something they re not Wants them to have better be better 0 Lower class tends to blame themselves and assume they re stupid or lazy but they re NOT Higher Class typically want their kids to do the same thing they did


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