Classic Interactionism- Georg Simmel
Classic Interactionism- Georg Simmel Sociology 3488
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jocelyn Rossell on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 3488 at Ohio State University taught by Paul Malackany in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociological Theory in Sociology at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Classic InteractionismGeorg Simmel Get identity from interaction In and of the group Social forms and social types Just as the universe needs love and hatequot Sociology 0 Not constructing coherent theoretical scheme 0 Study of social interaction I Sociation 2 people interacting to the way it is Purposeful interaction 0 Essence of society lies in interaction 0 Number of individuals connected by interaction society is an event I Receiving and affecting Society 0 Something that we do I Realization of a process 0 Groups and organizations 0 Nothing without immediate interactions Duality 0 Society and individuals an interdependent duality 0 One presupposes the other I Dichotomous relation 0 Who stand inside and outside at the same time 0 Examples I Denial and consent I Differentiation and imitation I Cooperation and con ict I Traditional and modern I Individual and collective 0 Form vs Content Society the realized processquot of social interaction Reification of interaction Forms of interaction Content of interactions 0 Reification I Society is a reification I Make itreal to us I Sociationis process Relational Interactive 0 Form Typologies for interaction Important m actions we take Represent interaction in structure Cooperation con ict exchange freedom community 0 Content Individual Realized with others Drives purposes inclinations interests 0 Individuals in Groups 0 Dyads Duality Flirtation Denial consent Hinted against each other to draw man on without making him loose all hope Social group of 2 members Intimate and unstable Difference is dyad has different relation to each of its 2 elements Confronted by the other Superordinate 9 subordinate Personal interdependence Not autonomous Supra individual Solidarity Social group of 3 Triangulation More stable but not fully Discords between two parties are accommodated by the 3rd or by absorption in a comprehensive wholequot Mediate or invade Duality Fashion Eccentricity imitation Follow the crowd 0 Size and Interaction Group size is crucial for interaction Intensity Higher intensity with less people Number of relationships Complexity More complex with more people Types of Form 0 O SOLbility I Play form I No goal I Absence of substance I No outside significance I Ends orientation I Small talk Con ict I Adds substance I Avoidance signals indifference I Selfdevelopment I Group unity I Goal orientation I No cooperation without con ict 0 Tragedy of Culture 0 Objective culturequot takes over the subjective culturequot Objective ideas and products of creativity Subjective selfdevelopment and individual will Subjective culture confronts us as autonomous force A bit of an obsession I Overtaken me I Not as individualized I NEED this Consider Marx I Alienation Estranged from product Estranged from self 0 Individual Can t realize potential self I Commodity Fetishism Magical powers Simmel says we need it Money I Increases and transforms the nature of social relationships I Expands freedom for self pursuits Opportunity I Dehumanizes our relationships Less personal Less intimate I Characteristics of money Abstract General Standard 0 Product of society 0 Value Decreases dependency on people Can cancel inequality 0 Same value for everyone Can expand social networks 0 Consider Weber I Rationalization Tradition custom replaced with methodology and calculation Loose personal calculable value efficient I Impersonality Nonhumans Changes interactions 0 Exchange I Every interaction is considered an exchange Gives more than possessed I Economic exchange requires sacrifice What you re willing to do for it Degree of sacrifice creates economic value Relative Not worth it Value is reciprocal relationship More than Marx idea of labor AO and b0 but gets value when exchange I Money standardizes exchange Social Types 0 Products of relations to others 0 Assigned to position 0 Structural characteristic I Not individual I Transposable 0 Not the person but what we expect and how we react to them 0 Examples I Mediator I Leader I Poor I Nobility I Adventurer 0 Like social forms Not content that matters Formed through interaction Social positions with social expectations Group membership determined by structural attributes and position 0 The Stranger quotInquot the group but not quotofquot the group Characteristics to be accepted as member Not from where we re from Acts as member but remains distant Comes today and stays tomorrowquot Spatially near socially distant Remoteness stranger attachment Can introduce to others provide valuable service 0 Can help con ict resolution Metropolitan Life 0 Need social types 0 3 assumptions about individual Within and outside society Objects and subjects Networks Seek integrated selfconcept Society vs integrity 0 Tonnies 1887 Gemeinschaff Community Natural will Association concord Small town Gisellschaff Society Rational will Instrumental Urban centers 0 Unbounded Duality Cultivate unique talents and interests Not totally absorbed or controlled Not tied to any person Tragic leveling of human spirit Over growth of objective culture More confrontation from objective I Duality of fashion More free to do Express values and personality Detachment Transitory and circular Newest trend always changing Staying power undermines quotfashionablequot Old form reemerge Metropolitan Life Fleeting Rapid pace Intense simulating sensory Individual freedom expanded Division of labor at peak form Ties weaken 0 Mental Life I Intellectual approach to social life I Mental mapping Imaginative picture of cognitive sense I Bystander effect Ways we behave in a crowd Don t act because we think someone else will I Blas attitude Adaptive outlook Don t care about outside world