Notes 8/30-9/4 Psych 220
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by jewellog on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 220 at James Madison University taught by Dr Matthew Lee in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Psychology and Culture in Psychlogy at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
083115 Monday August 31 2 15 112 Day One Everyone is like everyone else and everyone is like some other person and every person is like no one else Class is based on social justice the things you learn in this class are things that you can apply to your life You can communicate with people who are different and the same May learn to understand myself better Uncover similarities and differences with your classmates and the authors Goals Describe the sociocultural contexts that influence individual differences Explain how individual differences influence beliefs values and interactions with others and vice versa Explain how privilege power and oppression may affect prejudice discrimination and inequity Recognize prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behaviors that might exist in yourselves and others Bingo Assumptions rationale behind snap judgment in person perception What cultural stereotypes influenced who you asked or did not ask questions to in this activity Discussion 1 Tell us your name and what you would like to be called in this class Tell us a little bit about your family hometown hobbies and interests and what you hope to do with your degree in psychology If you are comfortable please also describe things like what you look like your language ability socioeconomic background ethnicityrace gender sexual orientation religiousspiritual background and ability status Hi Everyone My name is Olivia I am an only child of two fantastic parents and I from a quotlittlequot town in NoVA called Herndon which boasts the oldest high school in Virginia One of my goals in psychology is to go to graduate school and study Evolutionary Psychology hopefully culminating in a PhD I would really love to do research and teach Probably the most unique thing about me is that I love to swing dance and am a member of the Swing Dancing Club here I speak a little French and spent two weeks living with a family in the south of France where we spoke only French This was several years ago and I have since lost most of my control over the language My parents are middle class my mom is an English teacher at the high school I went to which I actually really enjoyed and my father works for IBM Another unique thing about me is my left arm It doesn39t rotate fully because my radius and ulna are fused together I was born that way and it really doesn39t cause many issues other than carrying things My last interesting fact is that I was raised Unitarian Universalist but am a somewhat practicing Wiccan Unitarian Universalism is a religion based on seven principles that are all centered around being a kind person Wicca is an earthbased religion that I follow but in general I consider myself more spiritual than religious I am very excited to be in this class and look forward to learning about all of you Psych and Culture Page 1 090215 Wednesday September 2 21115 1114L Culture and Psychology Terminology What is Culture Culture culture isn39t only your ethnicity or country of origin Nationality 193 Countries in the world there are countries that aren39t recognized as countries Ethnicity your ethnic heritage IE in Bolivia and Peru there are people who are known as the Quechua people so they identify as an ethnicity that isn t as simple as saying Peruvian or Bolivian There are loads of different kinds of cultures Heine gives three definitions of cultures 0 A group of individuals the people who identify with X culture 0 A pattern of behaviors customs language religion 0 A set of information complex thoughts and associations about the culture Culture is NOT monolithic they will overlap Intersectionality when your culture and identity are so overlapping that you can39t think about one without the other Psychological phenomena are there some behaviors that are universal or culturally specific Lev Vygotsky came up with a theory of cognitive development you have to look at the differences in cultures to see how they think about them The Script is the vocabulary and behaviors for a specific task in a specific culture ie making a bed in the West versus in Malawi How Is culture Reproduced Cultural transmission you learn through your parents or grandparents when they speak the language to you or teach you how to cook Cultural Acquisition tends to be more intentional you are gaining new knowledge about your culture or another culture like taking a foreign language Theory of mind is necessary for each of these concepts when someone understands that they can internalize what others do and they learn that others can have different opinions and ideas Imitative Learning when you watch a model in the social environment and then you repeat their behavior Emulative Learning understanding the function of a stimulus in the environment or a goal and then altering the method that they see and using a more efficient one to accomplish the goal Cultural appropriation taking an element of one culture and making part of one39s own by switching the meaning New Cultures New cultures can arise from specialization or social stratification Cultures are divided by the jobs that people do Medicine Teacher ect or the classes people are part of upper middle lower Cultures can also come from when other cultures combine or mix WEIRD database is highly biased WesternEducatedIndustrializedRichDemocratic which means that this is where most of our information in psychology comes from There are there ways by which we understand acquire and transmit culture through language and communication 0 Encephalization quotient the size of our brains as compared with the size of our bodies 0 The Ratchet effect the ability to keep moving forward I am the product of the things my parents have passed down as well as the modern interpretation of culture 0 The social brain hypothesis how the hell do we still exist we have found some way to cooperate and be around each other we have to have other people To adapt to a cultural environment people engage in behaviors How do you know you are part ofJMU culture Psych and Culture Page 1 Holding doors open for people Knowing locations on campus and in Harrisonburg Lyrics to Fight song and Anthem Living on campus freshman year dorms Eagle Leaving at halftime during games o Mappy JACard ECL Information about a culture is only meaningful in that cultures context Five Approaches to Culture and Psychology Multicultural Approach understands and accepts that there are multiple ways to do things 0 Recognize when you had a bias adherence and preference to what is familiar valuing similarity and conformity o Ethnocentrism assuming there is only one way to do things judging others based only on our culture 0 Avoid Functional fixedness when you see a behavior you think it has one meaning or function OOOOO Psych and Culture Page 2 090415 Wednesday September 2 21115 1116 Five Approaches to Culture and Psychology Multicultural Approach Understands and accepts that there are multiple ways to do things Recognize when you had a bias adherence and preference to what is familiar valuing similarity and conformity Ethnocentrism assuming there is only one way to do things judging others based only on our culture Avoid Functional fixedness when you see a behavior you think it has one meaning or function Indigenous Psychology Wilhelm Wundt39s Volkerpsychologie when you go to a different culture you have to use their methods to study them CrossCultural Psychology Requires you to study two or more cultures You could compare people in different parts of Germany or the North and South of the US MullerLyer lines those in western culture saw the optical illusion because we grew up in a carpented culture Evolutionary Psychology approach looking at genetics and biological laws Evoked culture perhaps no one taught you a particular thing but you know it anyway you have the right biological instinct SEX Taxicab hippocampus study parts of our brain can be modified by experience quotDoctrine of Separate Spheresquot Sexual behavior Sociological Approach Looking at social structures to explain culture Laws that define race Civil war in Sudan South Sudan as of 2011 quotISIS Caliphatequot redrawing natural boundaries 2014 Categorizing Cultural Groups One useful way to categorize groups is based on whether or not they are dominant or subordinate Category Dominant Groups Subordinate Groups Gender Male Female Transgender Race White Asian Black Latino Hispanic Native Class UpperMiddle Lower Numbers do not always mean dominance Worldview O Collectivist vs individualist Traditional or nonTraditional 0 Folk Psychology may not believe in science the same way others do rely more on stories and fate and belief and religion Political and economic systems Cultural Identity How does cultural identity form Exploration and Commitment 0 Looking for new identities and finding the one that fits you best 0 Being strongly or not so strongly committed to an identity Yes No Psych and Culture Page 1 Yes Achievement In Moratorium No Foreclosed Diffusion This usually happens in the teenage years Culture and Communication Implicit and explicit communication 0 High context culture in many east asian languages any one phrase can mean several different things because of the level of context of the relationship between the people 0 Psych and Culture Page 2
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