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Social Psychology Week Nine Notes

by: Caspar Snyder

Social Psychology Week Nine Notes 21198

Marketplace > University at Buffalo > 21198 > Social Psychology Week Nine Notes
Caspar Snyder
GPA 3.8
Social Psychology
Mark Seery

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About this Document

We begin the new chapter by watching a movie and then discuss the effect of stereotypes on discrimination.
Social Psychology
Mark Seery
Class Notes
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caspar Snyder on Sunday October 26, 2014. The Class Notes belongs to 21198 at University at Buffalo taught by Mark Seery in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 55 views.


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Date Created: 10/26/14
Social Psychology Notes Week Nine Stereotypes Prejudice and Discrimination Video Illustration Think about racism 0 What it s based on 0 Is it necessary How easily can these processes be triggered 0 Are these preexisting social groups necessary A Class Divided 1968 Teacher asks How are people a different color treated 0 They re stupid 0 They re treated worse 0 They re called names Teacher decides to teach kids a lesson about discrimination 0 People with blue eyes are smarter better on top 0 Blue eyes are better than brown eyed people 0 Two day exercise 1984 class reunion 0 Re Watchrelive the experiment Brown eyes and blue eyes mustn t play together 0 Blue eyes get more recess 0 Brown eyes must drink out of paper cups 0 Blue eyes can get lunch first and get seconds Recess 0 Blue eyed boys insulted a brown eyed boy 0 Called him brown eyes as if it was a derogatory word Next day 0 Brown eyed people are better than blue eyes 0 Blue eyes are stupid and violent 0 Blue eyes must wear the blue collars now 0 Brown eyes learn fast 0 Get extra food 0 Get more recess time 0 Blue eyed people are wasteful 0 Etc It took five minutes the previous day for brown eyes to get through a card pack 0 Two and a half minutes the next day 0 Simply because they were on top It took four minutes and eighteen seconds for blue eyes 0 It had only taken three minutes the previous day Started this lesson the day after Martin Luther King Jr s death 0 There was no way to explain this away to third graders o If grown white men discriminated against the black leaders how were the kids going to react All white Christian town 0 Still there were no objections from them when she continued to teach this Taught this lesson to prison guards and prison workers 0 Brown eyes entered and sat first 0 Told that blue eyes couldn t sit smoke etc 0 Blue eyes yelled at for being late I Poor listeners I Disrespectful 0 Brown eyes gave examples about how blue eyes were worse o Began to genuinely believe it Given a test 0 Blue eyes were given worse scores 0 Blue eyed women and men start sassing and talking back o Brown eyed people agree to them being disruptive o Demonstrated the selffulfilling prophecy Results Realized how uncomfortable it was to be blue eyed 0 Frustrating Began to realize how they discriminated against minorities Stereotype Definition a set of beliefs and expectations about members of a social group 0 A schema 0 Not be individual people I Example females not just a person named Susan Generalization 0 Ignores possibility of individual variation Can be both positive and negative Prejudice Definition attitude toward members of specific social group that suggests they deserve inferior social status 0 Racism sexism etc 0 Typically directly negative 0 Example the KKK the Nazis 0 Can be more subtle 0 Can be mixed I Example ambivalent sexism 0 Women should be treated as fragile human beings 0 She asked for it Stereotypes versus Prejudice Stereotypes can contain multiple beliefs 0 Some positive some negative and some neutral o Example honest cornloving hicks Prejudice overall evaluation of these individual components 0 From like to dislike good to bad etc Discrimination Definition negative action toward members of a specific social group 0 Attitudes versus behavior 0 Can have stereotypes and prejudice without discrimination 0 When do attitudes predict behavior I I don t like people So I m not going to hire any Reserved for negative behavior Possible Functions of Stereotypes Provide information about others 0 Schema fill in the gaps Simplify complex world 0 Inundated with often contradictory information When stereotypes are consensual 0 Simplify communication 0 Labels convey a lot of information 0 System justification 0 Current status hierarchy I High status groups justify being on top 0 Seen in the video I Might makes right 0 People in power can easily say why they should be in power 0 Example European colonization 0 Notice greater implications Formation of Stereotypes Categorization 0 We tend to categorize others into groups Why 0 Want to protect ourselves 0 Maximize relevant information minimize irrelevant o Efficiently make sense of things 3 0 Evolution good to know us from them Us versus Them is direct consequence InGroup group observer belongs to 0 Us OutGroup group observer belongs to 0 Them Multiple categories can apply 0 Depends on circumstances 0 Rival sports teams versus Olympics Consequences of Categorization Withingroup assimilation members of group perceived as more similar than when viewed as aggregate of individuals Betweengroup contrast members of different groups perceived as more different than when viewed as individuals Perceived withingroup assimilation is stronger for outgroup 0 Outgroup homogeneity effect outgroup seen as more homogenous than ingroup 0 Generally but not always true 0 All you know is their category 0 Dehumanizing effect Betweengroup contrast is evaluated 0 In group is better with equal status groups 0 View yourself positively I Selfserving bias 0 Even in minimal group paradigm 0 When an entirely arbitrary characteristic is evaluated on the spot I Takes all history out of it Minimal Group Paradigm Tajfel eg 1971 Procedure 0 Decisionmaking experiment 0 Painting preference 0 Assigned to one of two groups 0 Klee or Kandinsky 0 Anonymous 0 Identified only with number and painting preference I In group or outgroup Allocate rewards money or points to others 0 Never to self 0 Others identified by group and number 0 Choose from reward matrices Dependent Variable patterns of reward allocations Reward Matrices Results 0 Want high rewards for in group 0 Want ingroup to be higher than out group Why Ingroup Preference Social identity theory Tajfel and Turner 1979 0 Main idea self selfesteem affected by group membership 0 Sound familiar o BIRGing Do we typically want superior or inferior groups 0 Superior 0 We choose to associate with winnings 0 Membership in superior groups can increase selfesteem Minimal group 0 Greater in group rewards asserts superiority Details can actually get complicated 0 We re worse off but not where it counts 0 What defines how good the groups are Ingroup Preference Reward allocation 0 Discrimination Based only on minimal groups Remember system justification 0 Use stereotypes as to why the inferior group deserves being in the minority 0 Starting with group preference 0 stereotype formation 0 J ustifies arbitrary things Overlap Fein and Spencer 1997 Not just bringing in group up also putting out group down 0 No opportunity to make ingroup better Procedure 0 Manipulation positive or negative test feedback 0 Raises or lowers state selfesteem 0 Rate job applicant unrelated experiement 0 Resume 0 Photo darkhaired women o Interview video 0 Manipulation two name and ethnicity of applicant 0 Presumably Italian Maria D Agostino cross necklace o Presumably Jewish Julie Goldberg Star of David necklace hair clip o SAME WOMAN FOR BOTH Participants identified more closely with Italian 0 In groupout group 0 In group Marira 0 Outgroup Julie Results 0 To be continued


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