Anthropology chapter 6
Anthropology chapter 6 ANT 120
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel W on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 120 at Eastern Kentucky University taught by Jennifer Wies in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Eastern Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Globalization and culture Understanding Global lnterconnections Chapter 6 Is the world getting smaller Are there winners and losers in globalization Doesn t everyone want to be developed le the werldl reelly gettlegj emeller The process of globalization affects us all Social Economic and Political Interconnection Boas and diffusionism cultural characteristics result from either internal historical dynamism or a spread of cultural attributes from other societies 19505 Marxist anthropologists 19805 started on face to face anthropology Focused on interactions As globalization has increased pace anthropologists now realize that too narrow a focus gives an incomplete understanding of peoples lives and underlying causes of cultural differences Transnational Some anthropologists avoid the term globalization in favor of transnational They do this because it sounds everyone is equal when they say globalization Global communication Wealth and poverty play a large role in a person s ability to participate in a global communication Ex people making fun of you having a ip phone Taking our technology for granted when others don39t have it Humans on the move Migrants who leave their homes to work for a time in other regions or countries lmmigrants who leave their countries with no expectation of ever returning Refuges who migrate because of political oppression or war usually with legal permission to stay Exiles who are expelled by the authorities of their home countries Financial Globalization Reduction or elimination of tariffs to promote trade across borders for example rice Began in 18705 Was interrupted by two world wars Has accelerated over the last sixty years An anthropologist analysis of globalization must explore cutura nuances of global interconnections inequality confrontation domination accommodation and resistance Such as examining who owns coffee plantations Marlboro owns more What we need to bring in to the US what is most popular World Systems Theory Theory that capitalism has expanded on the basis of unequal exchange throughout the world creating a global market and global division of labor diving the world between a dominant core and a dependent periphery Developed by Wallerstein Core home countries winners Semiperiphery in charge of the prices in middle Periphery the rest of the world losers Underdeveloped and dependent on core People without History Anthropologists contribute to world systems studies by asking how has this world system affected the native peoples and cultural systems of periphery Eric Wolf combined small local analysis and see how world system affected them
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