Byzantine Empire Notes
Byzantine Empire Notes 1020-01
Popular in World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kiana Thompson on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1020-01 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Michele White in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800 in History at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Byzantine Empire 395 AD 1453 AD 1 Early History a Western part of the Roman Empire fell in 476 AD but the eastern part Byzanticim survived Why i Originally apart of the Roman Empire ii Roman Empire divided into two in 395 AD Western amp Eastern 1 Co emperors iii 476 AD Western side fell because 1 it was overruled 2 Toppled by the Barbarians invasions 3 All were Scythians and Galatians iv WHY BYZANTINE STOOD STRONG 1 Was the wealthier of the two sides a Due to being the center of all trade 2 The wealth was wisely put into defenses filled with heavily fortified walls around the city 3 More urbanized a Lived in cities most people b Lots of people in one area to fight c Troops stif y mobilized d Large population of free land owning peasants who were willing to fight for their land i West had slaves 6 Better governed i Emperors ruled wisely 11 Key Features a Ruled by an emperor b Language and culture Greek c Eastern Orthodox Church i Differences between Roman Catholicism amp Orthodox Great Schism Split 1054 Roman Catholics Easter Orthodox 1 Head Pope Bishop of Actual Leader Emperor Rome Gods Representative Nominal Head Patriarch of Constantinople 2 Service Sang in Latin Sang in Greek Called Byz Rite 3 Bread Unleavened Leavened 4 OrdainedNon Ordained members Priests would marry but Ordained Celibate not bishops 0r monks 5 Religious Holy Pictures Imbued with power Icons Prayer Aids H01y pictures that could affect your life BOTH ACCEPTED SEVEN SACRAMENTS ii Disagreed with things such as religious imagery dates etc iii Catholics were not happy with the East 1 Had major confrontation iV Mutual excommunication between Pope and Emperor Pope s way of saying the Emperor and his kingdom are sentenced to Hell III Loss of territories to Muslims a Jerusalem lost in 637 i Under Caliph Umar ii Still allowed Christians to come in and out b Saljuq Turks take control of Holy City in 1701 i No more Christians allowed in or out of city 0 Calls to the west for help 1095 1270 i Emperor AleXius I calls to Pope Urban II 1 8 crusades call of all Kings and Lords in the regions 2 During the 4th crusade 1204 West sacks East made war until 1261 as well as fights with Turks d Byzantium destroyed by the Ottoman Turks in 1453 Why did Europe not send help i No help from Europe 1 Plague hits Europe 1347 1351 2 France vs England in 100 years war 1337 1453 3 Italy 1871 a City states at war with each other ii Destroyed by Mehmed The Conqueror in 1453 IV The Byzantine Legacy a Corpus Luris CiVilis Body of Civil Law made b Emperor Justinian 527 565 i Life ambition write Roman Law ii 1St codification of Roman Law 1 Foundation of legal system All legal systems iii Hagia Sophia Holy wisdom iV Former Eastern Orthodox Church build 532 537 1 Transformed into mosque 1453 a Became museum in 1935 c 9th Century i Brothers 1 St Cyril 826 AD 869 AD a Made Cyrillic alphabet 2 St Methodius 85 AD 885 AD ii Both went out and told people about God by showing them and teaching them the alphabet etc
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