AMH 2097 Notes Week 9/7 - 9/11
AMH 2097 Notes Week 9/7 - 9/11 amh 2097
Popular in American History race and ethnicity
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Derick Grandoit on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to amh 2097 at Florida State University taught by Pam Robbins in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see American History race and ethnicity in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Fall 16 AMH 2097 97 911 Week 3 Type the company address AMH 2097 Monday September 7 French and Indian War Neolin 0 By 1755 I British entered the French and Indian War Seven Years War I War was fought along the North and Southern borders of colonial USA I The British had gained Canada won battles 0 By 1758 in Asia 0 By 1763 I War was still not over I King George made peace with French I Divided territory Treaty of Paris Signed in 1783 the Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolutionary War recognized the United States39 independence established the borders of the United States and British North America and guaranteed the fair treatment of British loyalists in the United States The treaty greatly enlarged the territory of the United States mainly at the expense of Native American tribes English received all of North America until Mississippi River Caribbean s and French received I Caused much con ict between America and British I British took control of Native Americans Native American Treaty signed gave no rights or property to natives Caused con icts amongst North Americans and Native Americans 0 Had a vision in which master of light urged natives to cease contact with Europeans stop trading with Europeans and reclaim land 0 White colonists were banned from west of Appalachians mountains 0 Master of light urged the natives to reconnect with previous standards and customs 0 Many Indians agreed wit vision 0 Caused hostility I Caused Pontiac s War Term 0 War between natives and Europeans I Colonists had lack of respect for British following French and Indian War I In return Britain passes I Sugar Act I Currency Act 0 Stamp Act Term 0 0 Required a tax to be paid and revenue stamp to be placed on any paper item in colonies I Such newspaper contacts marriage licenses playing cards diplomas visa death certificate Seemed reasonable to British however colonists felt hostile Colonies experienced first economic downfall Colonists organized to come against British I Sons of Liberty I Daughters of Liberty Samuel Adams was a prominent figure who opposed act August 14th 1745 I Riot regarding Stamp Act I Destroyed Boston stamp office 0 The Levellers and the Regulators 0 In the 1700 s families were granted pertunships I Big estates in current day New York and New Jersey along Hudson River I Estates built by fraud I One individual could gain between 400000 to 1 million acres I The land was granted to relatives of courtships I Landlords began abusing agreement and overcharged tenants 0 The Levellers I Disgruntled tenants I Some turned to Natives to find land I Marched to New York City to ask for aid from Sons of Liberty I Similar things happened to settlers of New Hampshire 0 The Regulators I Farmers who were poor and in debt who fought against corrupt government I Improvised farmers began to take over courthouses in the South I May 1771 colonial governor of North Carolina sought to cease all opposition 0 Women of the Revolution I Experiences were limited during period I Worked in or for the home I Trade only for food or household items I Women were very active in religion I Women held positions in medical I Women were illiterate I Stamp Act caused women to become more political 0 The Stamp Act was the first political document to address women directly I During war Loyalists and Patriots women served as spies I Women were asked to make decision political choose sides I Often repercussion for choosing the wrong side 0 Women who were in the minority were often left to abandon land 0 The American Revolution 0 Black Loyalists I 20000 enslaved escaped to join Loyalist Britain I Britain offered freedom in turn for joining their side I Black Loyalists were relocated to Nova Scotia Canada 0 Left to leave the United States to gain freedom 0 Americans felt nation was an experiment and example 0 Republic 0 Others followed the example set by American Revolution 0 French Revolution 0 Haitian Revolution I New America was different 0 Transformed from tradition society to mass participation 0 Even citizens who could not vote participated I Women I Slaves 0 The Articles of Confederation I Americans felt like they would soon populate all of North American continent Had youthful population Census 39 million residents 0 700000 enslaved 0 Rural areas I Only 1 in 10 people lived in city with more than 8000 people I Articles of Confederation Written in 1777 ratified in 1781 First constitution No strong national government Gave permission 0 Right to declare war 0 Deal with other nations 0 Not allowed to levy taxes 0 Depended on contributions and donations Each state was granted their own sovereignty 0 Gave more power to individual state No president No federal court One house congress where each state received one vote 0 Needed 9 votes to pass laws out of 13 Set guidelines to land in western North America 0 Several individual colonies attempted to claim the land 0 AOC Congress I Land belonged to the congress I Dealt with the Native Americans I Some still supported the British I Set up peace conferences with the tribes to form treaties I Natives were allowed to occupy reservation territories 0 Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Congress did not want to create a division between colonies and Western areas Sold land for 1 dollar an acre Set up public schools in new area I Northwest Ordinance Set to establish three to five new states in Western territory States had equal footing in ADC Slavery was abolished in the new territory In the colonies slavery was abolished 0 When slaves reached a certain age 0 Or when slaves were born after a certain cutoff date 0 Shays Rebellion I Daniel Shays Farmer in Massachusetts Rebellion of Revolutionary war Patriot Like many farmers of the time were turned in debt to continue farming 0 Some states cancelled debts postponed debts 1000 men gathered to take part in Shays Rebellion 0 Had a standoff with police Showed that the ideals of the Revolution was misappropriated Showed that the AOC Congress needed more power and uniformity I Constitutional Convention 1787 Philadelphia Established the constitution Convention had 12 colonies come Rhode Island didn t attend 0 Created Senate I Gave two senates to each state no matter size 0 Debated a lot over slavery O Stronger federal government I Collect taxes form citizens 0 Set up the three fifths compromise I Increased the power of the slaveholders Fugitive Slave Act 0 Legally established that the slavery followed a person no matter were they went 0 Created in turn by English court case that said any enslaved person who reached England was freed O Federalists and Anti Federalists I Supporters of the new constitution were Federalists Led by James Madison O Argued that constitution was needed to protect minority from tyranny 0 Different faction established the country I Aided the idea of no one faction having all the power I Anti Federalists I Were looked as tyrants 0 Located primarily in the frontier Friday September 11 0 Post Revolution 0 Women found themselves the targets of political language for the first time 0 Women are examples of the limitations of Post Revolutionary I Women married to Loyalists were allowed to obtain land that they owned before the marriage I Revolution had a conservative nature 0 White Americans adhered their pre revolutionary ideas of Women from Aristotle I Aristotle said that men were to serve the public arena while women were to work for the household I After the Revolution divorce was accessible women could request divorce I Women asserted that they had the right to education argued that only educated women could raise sons and daughters to be productive patriots 0 Judith Sargent Murray I Most educated women in the US after the Revolution I Wrote in 1791 in favor of women s rights I Wrote of the equality of the sexes in Massachusetts magazine under male pen name 0 Women alleged inferiority was because they never got the chance to be educated that they were denied the right to learn to reason 0 An early feminist O Argued that the culture of the time made an environment that did not allow gender equality O Outlined the differences between male and female education 0 Gender roles are a product of society 0 Addressed the role that women played in churches I Women could not hold leadership I Christians argued that women were the original product of sin I Argued that religious and cultural ideas made women inferior 0 Wanted women to become their own individuals 0 In the 1790 s Thomas Paine wrote the Age of Reason I Argued that Christianity mad people follow a man Jesus instead of God Told people to abandon religion Urged people to follow themselves instead of the church Caused a dropoff in church attendance 0 Only 15 of the Americans attended church regularly I Previous writing I Convinced Americans to become Patriot s 0 During the war he wrote American Crisis 0 Inspired the soldiers to continue fighting 0 Native Americans Post Revolution I Americans assumed that American would immediately expand West I Were unclear what would happen with Native Americans I United States addressed the sovereignty of the Natives I Recognized as foreign governments 0 Washington recognized how the Native s were treated brutal 0 But states continues to push on Native land I In 1791 war broke out between the Natives and states pushing West I Some Americans believed that Native s could be civilized and later join White American society 0 In 1790 s Congress allowed farming tools to be granted to Natives 0 American Election of 1800 I Many wanted George Washington to be a dictator 0 Alien and Sedition Act I Made it a crime to criticize the government I Laws were made to punish Republicans who supported France I First convicted under this law were Republicans who openly criticized the president I The act stooped after Jefferson a Republican was elected 0 In the early 1800 s I States removed the property requirements of voting 0 Gave all white men the right to vote I As president Jefferson feared large federal government 0 He reduced the size of military and congress I Stopped the slave trade I In 1803 Jefferson step up the Louisiana Purchase Land tripled the size of America Was a bit controversial 0 Nothing in the Constitution permits the president to buy land on behalf of the nation 0 Jefferson argued I The purchase removed France from North American entirely I Wanted to develop the land as a home for the blacks to separate them I Lewis and Clark Expedition Jefferson asked Congress to fund scientific expeditions out west Jefferson enlisted Lewis and Clarke On the journey O Uncovered Natives who taught them how to hunt make clothes They made maps of undiscovered territories Experienced relatively pleasant winter Found new plant and soil samples In the spring they added Sacajawea to the expedition O Returned in 1806 and the west was officially discovered OOOO
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