General,Organic & Biochemistry
General,Organic & Biochemistry CH 110
Chemeketa Community College
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brendan Smith on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CH 110 at Chemeketa Community College taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/219431/ch-110-chemeketa-community-college in Chemistry at Chemeketa Community College.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Chapter 1 Define chemistry and matter Metric and SI units of length volume mass temperature time Convert back and forth from exponential notation to decimal numbers and vice versa Measured vs exact numbers Signi cant figures 7 identify and use proper rules for multiplication division addition subtraction Rounding to a speci ed number of digits Metric prefixes centi milli micro kilo mega giga and how they relate to the base unit chapter 2 Classification of matter 7pure substances elements compounds mixtures homogeneous and heterogeneous States of matter 7 solid liquid and gas and their properties Physical properties and physical changes chemical properties and chemical changes 7 what they are and differences between them Energy 7 potential vs kinetic characteristics and differences between them units joules calories Temperature 7 three scales conversions between them you will be given conversion factors absolute zero Specific heat 7 comparison of values and what the relative numbers mean no calculations Changes of state and the names given to the processes melting freezing sublimation etc Chapter 3 Go back and forth between names and symbols of the elements you will be given a periodic table Know the difference between groups and periods Know the names for groups 1 2 7 8 Know the general location of metals nonmetals and metalloids on the periodic table Know the subatomic particles present in an atom their locations charges and masses Atomic numbers and number protons Mass numbers 7 be able to calculate the numbers of each of the subatomic particles in an atom Know what an isotope is and be able to identify one given atomic number and mass number Be able to write the electron configurations of the first 18 elements on the periodic table Know the relationship between group number and valence electrons Electron dot structures for atoms Know the periodic trends for atomic size and metallic character Chapter 4 Know how ionic and covalent bonds are formed relative to electrons Use the octet rule to determine the charge of an ion that a representative element forms Know how the charges on ions correlate to group numbers Be able to come up with the formulas for ionic compounds and name them too Know the polyatomic ions sulfate sulfite nitrate nitrite phosphate phosphite cyanide hydroxide carbonate ammonium and their formulas Write formulas for ionic compounds containing polyatomic ions Know what a covalent bond is 7 single double and triple bonds Be able to come up with the formulas for covalent compounds and name them too using pre xes llO mono di tri tetra etc Know the general trend in electronegativity in the periodic table Know the differences between nonpolar covalent polar covalent and ionic bonds Know the attractive forces present in a compound and their relative strengths dispersion dipoledipole Hydrogen bonds Chapter 5 Know the typical characteristics of a chemical change Know the general components of a chemical equation Be able to balance chemical equations so that the law of conservation of mass is obeyed single double and J 1 Be able to recognize J combustion reactions Be able to recognize REDOX reactions in terms of changes to number of electrons hydrogens oxygens and charges Know the conditions for a reaction to occur Know the differences between exo and endothermic reactions and how to identify them including energy diagrams Be able to identify the factors that affect reaction rates including catalysts and energy diagram Chapter 6 7 gases Use the kinetic molecular theory of gases to describe the properties of gases Describe the units of pressure and be able to change from one to the other atm mmHg torr Know the relationship between pressurevolume Boyle s law and use the equation to solve for one of the unknowns under constant temperature and n nnumber of moles or amount Know the volumetemperature relationship Charles law and use the equation to solve for one of the unknowns under constant pressure and n Know the pressuretemperature relationship Gay Lussac s law and use the equation to solve for one of the unknowns under constant volume and n Use the combined gas law to solve for any one unknown Know the relationship between the amount of a gas and its volume Avogadro s law Use partial pressures to calculate the total pressure Know how temperature and pressure affect solubility of a gas Know the conditions of STP and the molar volume of a gas under STP conditions
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