AHS 102 Week 9 Notes Dr. Natalie Philllips
AHS 102 Week 9 Notes Dr. Natalie Philllips AHS 102
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Gardner on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHS 102 at Ball State University taught by Natalie E Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 2 in Art History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 03/20/16
AHS 102 Week 9 Notes Neoclassicm Cont. Work to Know: Oath of the Tennis Court, Jaques Louis David o Background: Estates of the Realm = classes in France 1 class = clergy nd 2 class = nobility 3 class = commoners All of the power and money in the 1 and 2 class o The commoners demanded that the first two estates to form a national assembly of elected officials o They got locked out of the government buildings Met at a tennis court instead Made a new constitution o Important figures Nobility and clergy represented in the foreground in support of the third estate Maximillian Fire and brimstone preacher Responsible for the Reign of Terror after the revolution (beheadings) Joseph Martin Dauch One of the people in the 3 estate who refused to vote o Curtains moving = winds of change History o The execution of Louis XVI in 1791 o Marie Antoinette also executed Political cartoon in newspaper of the beheadings by Jagues Louis David Work to Know: English Government by Jaques Louis David o Political cartoon making fun of the condescending attitude of the English government post French Revolution Work to Know: The Death of Marat by Jaques Louis David o Story A woman called Charlotte Corday was in a relationship with Marat, but they were on opposing sides She gave him a letter that she needed help He had horrible skin condition, so sitting in the tub while reading it Let her in, she stabbed (and killed) him o Analysis Not a gruesome image, small stab wound A dignified looking death Holding the letter from Charlotte Portrayed as a martyr for the revolution The ethereal quality of Marat is similar to images of Christ (martyrdom) The Empire Style o After the revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte came to power o Jaques Louis David was in support of Napoleon even though he was just as power hungry and Louis XVI o The Empire Style was dedicated to power and might of Napoleon Work to Know: Coronation of Napoleon by Jaques Louis David o Empire Style o Detail, richness, and almost gaudy look very different than Jaques’ earlier works o Story The Pope would crow the “Holy Roman Emperor” Napoleon took the crown from the Pope and crowned himself and his wife Josephine Symbolically taking away the power from the Church Neoclassical Architecture Work to Know: La Madeleine by Pierre Vignon o Outside Looks like classic Greek temple Roman Corinthian columns Actually a Christian temple Seen as blasphemous to have a temple for pagan gods used as a Christian place of worship Instead of Zues on the pediment, it’s Jesus and Mary Magdeline o Inside Looks like a cathedral Gold, paintings, etc mismatched with classical Greek architecture Overall, somewhat unsuccessful blend styles Work to Know: U.S. Capitol by Benjamin Latrobe o Federalist style (Neoclassical in the U.S.) o Propaganda Wanted the new government to be seen as powerful and timeless The classical period was seen as the greatest achievement of mankind o Design Tobacco leaves on the Corinthian capitals instead of original leaves Tobacco = center of American economy at the time Corn of the capitals Roman Eagle on the capitals Work to Know: Monticello by Thomas Jefferson o Neoclassical (Federalist) features Columns Reflecting pool o American features Brick walls Shuttered windows o Contrast works well this time compared to La Madeleine Romanticism 1750 – 1850 mid 18 and 19 century Romanticism o A reaction to Neoclassicm The Gothik (the k is intentional) o Style in Romanticism Dark, imaginative fantasy world Morbid, focused on the unknown Themes = human mind and imagination, not politics Explores the darkest depths of the human psyche Romanticism in France Theodore Gericault o Went to morgues and asylums to study o Those studies show strongly in his more famous works Work to Know: Insane Woman by Theodore Gericault o Can tell she is crazy Forrowed brow and intense eyes; staring into space; red rings Hunched over Wild brush strokes Work to Know: Study of Truncated Limbs by Theodore Gericault o Still life of chopped limbs o Holy shit I can’t look o Gruesome, lots of blood Work To Know: Severed Heads, Gericault Work to Know: The Raft of the Medusa, Gericault o We will pick up with this one on Wednesday, no class on Monday