AMH 2097 Notes Week 9/7 - 9/11
AMH 2097 Notes Week 9/7 - 9/11 amh 2097
Popular in American History race and ethnicity
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Derick Grandoit on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to amh 2097 at Florida State University taught by Pam Robbins in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see American History race and ethnicity in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Fall 16 AMH 2097 914 918 Week 4 Type the company address AMH 2097 Monday September 14 0 Mumbet 0 Within two decades of her decision people began preaching that all races were equal 0 Richard Allen I Convinced master to stop housing enslaved peoples through traveling preachers I 1786 he arrived in Philadelphia a growing city of freed African Americans I African Methodist Episcopal Church 0 Church started by Richard Allen became the first African American church in America 0 1800 O Gabriel s Rebellion I Recruited followers arming them with homemade weapons organizing them to revolt I Wanted to kidnap the Virginia mayor and forced them to abolish slavery I The anticipated revolt never occurred as it was postponed and several salves eventually informed their masters of Gabriel s plan I They were tried and eventually executed 0 In the 1750 s Americas tobacco industry was diminishing and the need for cotton was needed to supply Britain and several other European countries 0 The creation of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney made cotton a valuable cash crop causing an high increase in the need for salve labor in the South 0 Second middle Passage I To supply labor for the cotton over 1 million salves were transported to the slave to offer labor I Lasted 70 years from 1790 to the civil war I Slave families that were once stable were now disbanded 0 Free blacks in the South had it hard because they struggled to maintain economic and financial stability I Some turned to purchasing slaves themselves and used the them in the same manner as white landowning slave masters 0 Forks of the Rode I A common area in Mississippi in which become a form of shopping center for slavery O 1831 I Slaves entered Virginia plantation and killed every and women and children in sight I These said revolts were led by Nat Turner I Local militias eventually ceased these actions 0 Though he was eventually stopped his revolt sent a message to the rest of the slave population I By 1838 slavery was completely abolished in the Britain 0 By the late 1830 s I The south set out to justify slavery 0 Through use of propaganda scientific findings etc I The North continued to establish a separate but equal motto 0 Fredericka Douglas I Became a slave at age 6 spent another 14 years in slavery I Eventually escaped after his third attempt of trying to escape from slavery I Settled in Philadelphia I 1841 0 Joined white abolitionists William Lloyd Garrison 0 Continued to share speeches and in uenced the abolition movement 0 Forced slavery into national politics 0 Underground Railroad I Loosely organized network of safe houses in the South I Aided over 20000 slaves become free I Fugitive Slave Act 1850 I Called Northerners to report escaped slaves I Called for harsh laws that supported slavery 0 Many blacks ed to Canada I In Canada blacks could 0 Serve on juries I Vote 0 Own property 0 Become citizens Wednesday September 16 0 The Second Great Awakening 0 1790 s 1820 s 0 Relatively low migration but various social and cultural trends 0 During this time only about 15 of Americans attended church regularly 0 By the 1840 s over 1 million American Methodists O Preachers were open to converting everyone including women blacks and Native Americans 0 Africans Americans were the last group of people to go through indentured servitude I Excluded from citizenship O In 1818 members of the African Episcopal Methodist church were beaten for teaching 0 Free blacks in South Carolina were treated badly I Forced to pay extremely high taxes I Could not leave the state I Church was banned 0 Denmark Vesey I By 1822 Blacks outnumbered whites I Attempted to organize a rebellion against whites in Charleston However the plan backfired and Vesey was eventually betrayed O Walkers Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World I David Walker Challenged free blacks to look at the struggle of freedom Supported armed resistance Referred to Thomas Jefferson argument that blacks were mentally inferior by counteracting whites moral inferiority Demanded for the end of slavery felt blacks and whites needed to work to end it together Died in 1830 questionable death His work was banned in the South 0 Reform movements Temperance I Reformers attempted to reform all aspects of life I Established the modern penitentnary punishments I Foreign missionary work I Abolition I Temperance The end of consumption and distribution of alcohol One of the longest lasting social movements Started in 1810 formally become a law in 1918 In 1819 0 Alcohol was considered apart of the culture Social problems 0 Believed drinking caused issues with workers I Punctuality O Caused poverty 0 Suffering of women and children 0 Domestic Violence In 1826 0 First American temperance society was established in Boston Millions would participate in social movement O Dorothea Dix O Signed name with T to publically state they were apart of movement Devoted herself to treating mentally ill People of mental illness were kept at home if rich For general population mental ill were sent t o jail or poor houses Citizens called for separation of mentally ill and general population Dorethea Dix Attended a program through her church Discovered the mentally ill were left to rot See wrote to state legislator Responsible for over 24 states reforming care for mentally ill 0 Utopians Shakers and Oneida Friday September 18 Abolition 0 James Otis Oneida Began with 14 men and women in Vermont Every male member of community were married to every female ember of community Every children belonged to the community There were no boundaries to sexual intercourse amongst community Leader were to almost be arrested and the community ultimately ed to New York New Jersey Connecticut Reached over 5000 members Made silverware Ramights Bathed everyday Abstinent from alcohol and sex Only ate animals Made graham crackers Felt that commercial food is what caused sexual desires amongst population I Revolutionary era patriot popularizes the notion amongst colonists that parliament had no right to tax colonist I Felt that new nation should abolish slavery 0 British parliament 0 Freedom should be universal 0 What man is free if not ever man is not free 0 Those who are free are the most proud and jealous of their freedom 0 Criticized hypocrisy 0 Americans wanted freedom from British however they felt that enslaved people did not deserve it o 1688 I Quakers held a protest in support of blacks 0 The first to actively oppose slavery O 1827 First black newspaper is released Blacks needed to organize to have a collective voice 39 Common abolitionists wrote in the newspaper Allowed for the debate and discussion of topics regarding blacks and slavery Created an environment for blacks to become leaders I their communities 0 J erena Lee I Black preacher Impacted by religious revivals of 2rld Great Awakening Preached to all races Joined Richard Allen s Church black church 0 Was denied the right to preach because she was a woman 0 She continuously persisted O Eventually was denied and became a prayer leader 0 After 10 years she became a preacher 39 Set up a traveling ministry 0 Traveled 2000 miles a year 0 Converted thousands of blacks and whites 0 Viewed herself as an example because she was a double minority 0 During the 1800 s only middle class children received education 0 By 1830 The American Society of Free People of Color 0 Represented free blacks 0 Dealt with the violence that fee blacks suffered 0 Such as race Riots 0 Encouraged black self reliance 0 Louis Woodson 0 Taught reform temperance industry to community 0 Had an informal library 0 Urged blacks to establish isolated settlements from whites 0 The nation of Libya was founded by free blacks who returned to Africa O Woodson was not supportive of this idea 0 Felt there was no way for blacks and whites to live together in harmony 0 Maria Mille Stewart Born in 1803 as a free black Worked as a servant at a young age Exposed to the religious teachings of the second Great awakening After her husband died she wrote and spoke publicly for a living 0 Her topics were mostly about the struggles of blacks and women 0 Felt that the discrimination of blacks and women were intertwined Urged others to adopt Christianity Urged them to read and write First American women to have a republished speeches Featured in several abolition posting reached a large audience Eventually quit 0 Angelina Grimke Weld and Sarah Grimke Earliest and most controversial figures of the abolition movement Rejected family because they families were slaveholders Joined the Quaker community and later the abolition movement 0 Wrote a letter to William Lloyd Garrison O Said abolition was a thing worth dying for 0 Her letter was nationally posted 0 Became popular shortly after 0 Gave first hand experience as they were previous slaveholders The younger sister Angelina was the more prominent speaker The older sister Sarah was the more prominent writer Became traveling speakers by 1830 s Argued that black Americans were subject to all liberties and every right whites were 0 Women s Rights the Seneca Falls Convention Women became upset with clergy members who used the bible as justification to stop female advancement
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