AMH 2097 Notes Week 9/30 - 10/2
AMH 2097 Notes Week 9/30 - 10/2 amh 2097
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Derick Grandoit on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to amh 2097 at Florida State University taught by Pam Robbins in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see American History race and ethnicity in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Fall 16 AMH 2097 930 102 Week 6 Type the company address AMH 2097 Wednesday September 30 0 Civil War 0 When the Civil War began over 39 million slaves were forced to decide to fight with South or North 0 Robert Smalls I 23 year old slave was aboard a warship The Planter I On May 13th 1862 he took the ship and transported slaves was able to escape to North 0 May 23th 1861 I Three runaway slaves went to Fort Monroe I Benjamin Butter a veteran refused to return slaves to Confederacy referred to slaves as illegal contraband of war 0 This did not necessarily free them and no longer slaves I Suffered man diseases as they were housed on base I Mary Peake 0 Taught salves in secret before the war I Taught contraband students I School started with a handful of students grew to over 900 students I Wanted to prepare blacks to be full citizens I By Summer 1862 I North was losing war 0 Lincoln was forced to answer questions regarding the future of slavery 0 He had earlier states I have no intention on interfering with the institution of slavery 0 Emancipation Proclamation 0 January 16 1863 I Lincoln delivered the final draft I Any slave in a rebellious state shall be from now on free 0 Encouraged slaves to abandon planation however did not provide them safety 0 To become free slaves would have to navigate enemy territory to reach Union army who were always on the run 0 Allowed black man to fight in the war 0 Did not guarantee equal treatment I Jeff Davis I Confederate president I Said all union blacks were to be considered runaway slaves and once captured to be put back to work I September 29 1864 0 Benjamin Butler led black troops in New Market Heights to fight Confederates O Confederates decided to leave and allow Union to take over area I Reconstruction 0 By 1865 the war was over 0 Former slaves were granted 40 Acres and Mule O Slaves were stuck to find out the parameters of their freedom 0 Andrew Johnson 0 Lincolns successor O Decided to undo the process of Reconstruction O Confiscated the 40 acres and a Mule given to former slaves 0 Benjamin Montgomery 0 Former slaves of Joseph Davis brother of Jeff Davis 0 Rented land out to former slaves like himself 0 Made a successful cotton plant 0 14th Amendment 0 Granted full citizenship to anyone born in the united States 0 15th Amendment 0 Gave black man the right to vote 0 Southern whites felt there would either be white supremacy or black supremacy 0 1876 0 Rutherford B Hayes I Made a deal with southern Democrats 0 Promised to remove federal troops in the South 0 This meant the end of Reconstruction 0 This returned power fully back to whites in the South Friday October 2 0 Reconstruction 0 There was a national difference in how blacks and whites viewed Reconstruction I The government proposed a plan on how to reconstruct the Union O Whites Was a vague plan Proved that many Americans were resistant to equal rights between for blacks and whites An attempt to reconstruct and reconfigure Southern society 0 Africans Americans Black celebration after the civil war took many forms Some rang courthouse bells held parades On April 14 1865 Robert Smalls sailed in the Charleston harbor on the boat Planter June 19th 1865 escaped slaves in Texas revealed themselves as emancipation was announced Economy and society in the South was not favorable to blacks 0 Former slaves ended up forced in difficult positions I Such as returning to work for former masters I Sending children to become paid slaves Within days of end of civil war john Wilkes booth killed Abraham Lincoln Blacks were now allowed to 0 Travel 0 Hold religious rituals without white supervision 0 Hold arms possess alcohol etc Due to slavery displacing families former slaves went to great lengths to rejoin their respective families 0 Used black churches as a connecting bridge of information At first black women attempted to adapt to white woman status by remaining at home 0 Low wages caused black women to have to return to work to properly maintain family structure Freedmen s bureau O Believed land ownership was key to freedom 0 Believed that work on land corresponded to ownership 0 Special Filed Order 15 40 acres and a Mule I A order set forth by President Sherman I Gave land to blacks around South Carolina Georgia Florida I Marked blacks official entrance into the capitalist economy Southerners One fifth 260 000 of white southern population died in the civil war Some land was seized Former masters saw a great loss of money I Slaves were nonexistent I Many invested in war bonds that were now defunct I Northerners O O O O O O Freedman s Bureau Northerners held a authorities attitude toward Southerners Northerners held the upper hand in politics and economy Northerners believed in free labor I The freedom to find your own work I Contrasted prior views of landownership marking labor Wanted to improve Southern economy Wanted South to mirror the North Attempted to convert South into industrial economy 0 Established schools 0 Provide aid to poor and elderly 0 Settled disputes between blacks and whites 0 Ensured that blacks were being treated equally 0 Worked primarily in education and health care I Took over national healthcare 0 Aided blacks and whites 0 Worked primarily with Northerners for aid in the South 0 Power greatly diminished when Sherman died I Sharecropping O O O Began to mirror slavery Was a compromise between blacks wanting to own land and whites wanting labor System in which a tenant would rent land from owner and farm it following the end of the season the tenant and the owner would split the crops As cotton and other cash crops prices dropped the system began to resemble slavery I Supplies were expensive I Owners demanded more shares I By the end of the season many blacks ended up in debt Overtime whites became sharecroppers 0 Andrew Johnson I Ran Saw himself as a representation of poor white mans I Felt sympathetic to South I Took over Reconstruction from Sherman Appointed governors to Sothern states 0 O Told them to call state convention white whites only Thus effectively shutting blacks from the government Gave a full pardon to the South I Black codes Series of laws that outlined the rights of newly freed blacks Gave 0 Denied 0 00000 O 0 Legal marriage Testify against whites Serve on juries Serve on state militias Illegal to vote Banned inter racial marriage Freedman s Bureau to interact with blacks certain states No longer allowed to drink Sign labor contracts or arrested and forced to work on plantations Was essentially an attempt to reintroduce slavery Northerners reacted against this quickly 0 Radical Republicans work against this