History and Systems of Psych
History and Systems of Psych PSYC 306
Christopher Newport University
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Dario Johns on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 306 at Christopher Newport University taught by Dorothy Doolittle in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see /class/219491/psyc-306-christopher-newport-university in Psychlogy at Christopher Newport University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
10 Why did Thorndike begin his studies on animal behaviors not because he knew animals or cared much for them but because he thought he could do better than had been done a What was his first study with animals studied instinct and intelligence in baby chicks by asking them to escape from simple mazes formed by placing books on end b Discuss Thorndike s method in using cats in puzzle boxes more than one case repeated the experiments and controlled the learning history and the environment of the cats each cat 13 was tested in at least several of the boxes c What did he find when he studied the cats in the boxes they did trial and error learning trial and accidental success he believed that the cat learned to make connections between stimuli in the boxes and successful escape responses This learning model is connectionism when first placed in the puzzle box the cat exhibits behavior that is a random sequence of acts but eventually they hit upon the correct response accidental but it was successful and thus tends to be repeated stamped in by their pleasurable consequences subsequent trials gradually eliminated the failed behaviors and repeated the success d Were cats able to use imitation to get out of the boxes there was no evidence of observational learning when he tested this 11 Explain Thorndike s construct of connectionism This learning model is connectionism when first placed in the puzzle box the cat exhibits behavior that is a random sequence of acts but eventually they hit upon the correct response accidental but it was successful and thus tends to be repeated stamped in by their pleasurable consequences a What is trialanderror learning they did trial and error learning trial and accidental success he believed that the cat learned to make connections between stimuli in the boxes and successful escape responses b What is the law of effect principle that behaviors that were effective in problem solving would be strengthened stamped in while behaviors that were not effective would be weakened stamped out c What is the law of exercise principle that learned connections between stimuli and responses were strengthened with additional practice d Discuss Thorndike s view that rewards are more effective than punishments the law of effect in learning rewards are more effective than punishments had to learn how to get out of the box and get freedom Published the truncated law of effect cast doubt on the effectiveness ofpunishment responses closely followed by satisfaction will become firmly attached to the situation and therefore more likely to reoccur when the situation is repeated Conversely if the situation is followed by discomfort the connections to