Contemporary Social Problems, Week 7
Contemporary Social Problems, Week 7 SO 1103
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan255 on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by Jennifer Cheek in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL PROBLEMS in Behavioral Sciences at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 03/20/16
Contemporary Social Problems 3/1/16 – 3/3/16 Public Attitudes Toward Change More unmarried couples raising children More gay and lesbian couples raising children More single parenting More cohabitation More mothers working outside the home More interracial marriage More women not ever having children Marital Decline Decline in community interactions Incline in drug use Marital Resilience Trials and hardships result in less marriage Divorce is acceptable and should be destigmatized Argue that family is about function rather than form Sociological Theories Functional perspective – emphasis on positive aspects of family institutions o Examines how families teach children and how they function in society o Says that divorce is a dysfunction that leads to social problems o Traditional gender roles are functional and positive Helps determine what roles family members uses and decreases fighting Conflict and Feminist perspective o Examines power differentials in families o Feminists critique power differences between males and females Still see effects today – sexual roles, wedding traditions, politics, etc Family and medical leave act – 12 weeks unpaid time off, corporations try to fight paid leave Symbolic Interactionalist perspective o Symbols attached to relationships o Important for children Viewing family violence causes more mental illness, drug use, and future violence Divorce Causes o Marry for love – once attachment is gone, divorce is likely o We expect a lot from partners o Increase in autonomy from women increases divorce (not dependent on men) o Increase in economic stress and work responsibilities o Inequality in work distribution in the home o More liberalized divorce laws o Disrupted ties due to movement o People are living longer Contemporary Social Problems 3/1/16 – 3/3/16 Consequences o Health – more negative health side effects: anxiety, depression, lower self-concept o Improvements – autonomy, independence o Decrease social ties o Children often have mental health issues, school issues, and have problems in relationships o Child-father relationship decrease o Parental alienation Divorce Prevention o Programs and policies Education on what makes a relationship work, setting realistic expectations Changed laws to make a new category of marriage – covenant marriages Providing economic opportunities and incentives Efforts to Strengthen Marriage o Encourages forgiveness and reconciliation o Implemented programs to educate about divorce and co-parenting o Meditation and counseling Family Violence Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) o 1 in 4 women will experience this in the U.S., 1 in 3 worldwide o Often a double standard – men are less likely to report or be taken seriously o Four types of IPV Common couple violence – an argument that results in violence, most common Intimate terrorism – victim is completely controlled, threats of violence, most serious Violent resistance – when victim uses violence to retaliate Mutual violent control – when partners both want control and physically fight for it o 3 types of abusers Sociopathic – violent, lacks remorse Controlling – don’t forgive, are controlling, don’t take responsibility, blame Borderline – mental health resulting in violence, more self- loathing, fragile after abuse, apologetic o Effects of IPV Physical health – pain, death, broken bones – 1200 die per year – miscarriages Mental health – depression, anxiety, fear of intimacy Children – academics suffer, mental and emotional issues o Why do victims stay? Fear Money, economic dependence Emotional attachment Contemporary Social Problems 3/1/16 – 3/3/16 Stigma “it won’t happen again” Children o Cycle of abuse Stalking or harassment Attempt to reconcile Often takes several attempts to separate Other types of abuse o Child abuse Sexual, physical, emotional, but neglect is the most common Parents are typically perpetrators, often when stress is placed on them o Elder abuse Typically comes from adult children o Sibling abuse o Animal abuse If violent to animals, often violent to people Factors Contributing to Abuse Stress Gender inequality Accepting corporal punishment Social constraints