Christianity and Islam
Christianity and Islam HIST 1010-002
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michaela Smalley on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1010-002 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Eden McLEan in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
The Emergence of Christianitv Origins Judea Jesus of Nazareth Spread of Christianity Christianity begins as an offshoot of judaism middle east Appeal SaulPaul Infrastructure Roman Persecution Christianity as a World Religion Universality no ethicracialnational limitations appealed to those unhappy with Roman rule nfrastructure Roman roads amp Pax Romana Government Support Slow expansion until 305 then rapid expansion with support of Roman Empire A Divided Roman Empire 3001435 CE The rapid rise of Christianity Constantine Council of Nicaea gt East amp West excommunication Fall of Rome in the West Rome collapses due to overextension Politics Disease Over 2 million people died Possible the Plague Invasion Rise of Rome in the East The Byzantine Empire The byzantine empire is expansive and it is an essential economic portion of the silk road trade It also has cultural and political exchanges with lands farther north cuturepoitics economy Constantinople The New Rome Eastern Orthodoxy linked closely with the state Crossroads There has never been one christianity Because of differences christianity split into the east and west Islam and the Islamic Golden Age 5701300 Islam has the same roots as Judaism and Christianity fundamentally connected histories Origins Arabian Peninsula Muhammad Ibn Abdullah 570632CE Grew up in Mecca trading port merchant goes off and meditates Muhammad s messages The Quran Submission to Allah Five pillars of Islam plus one There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of God Ritual prayer has to be performed 5 times a day Believers should give generously to support the poor and need charity Believers should fast for one month of Ramadan as a source of selfpurification Believers should try to make a pilgrimage hajj to Mecca at least once in an lifetime the extra one moreBelievers engage in constant struggle jihad to live a God conscious life Kabba in Mecca covered in silk The development of an Islamic civilization Umma people not connected by ethnicity or family but by faith Sharia Laws at the heart of this society The SunniShia split The spread of Islam the state the faith the culture
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