Interest Groups POL 1010
Popular in American Government and Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anthony Johnson on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL 1010 at University of Cincinnati taught by Kimberly Konger in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see American Government and Politics in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Interest Groups Groups 0 American Association of Retired Persons National Manufactures Association Pa rentTeacher Associations Common Cause Sierra Club Chambers of Commerce Government 0 Flow of information Currency of in uence in government Interest groups important in showing what constituents think Provide government officials with options Why Are There So Many Interest Groups 0 Constitution 0 Diverse Interests 0 A More Active Government 0 Disturbances Interest Group Roles 0 Representation Provide representation for members and potential members 0 Participation Method of participation beyond voting Voting a blunt form of participation 0 Education Sending emails to participants Education of policymakers Present solutions 0 Agenda Building Helping people see issues as problems Calling upon citizens to act Citizens39 focuses change over time 0 Health care gt crime gt health care 0 Provision of Program Alternatives Interests groups do the bulk of policymaking Rewriting of existing policies 0 Provision of Program Monitoring Ensuring that policies are being correctly introduced Enforcement review and evaluation Interest Group Formation 0 Common Problem of Threat 0 Resources Money suf cient but not necessary Time Civic skills 0 Leadership Catalyzing force OOOOO pg 1 Bringing issues to the forefront Why Do People Join 0 Power Provides a united stronger voice Combining resources 0 Ef cacy Feeling that one can actually effect change Bene ts of Membership 0 So dar y Uniform political identities in interest groups Sense of belonging 0 Material AARP discounts Other materialistic bene ts 0 Purposive Who Joins 0 Higher Education 0 Higher Income Education and income place people in circles with people who have greater amounts of free time People are more likely to do politics if you have available time 0 Higher Interest Various reasons for formation of interest 0 People who are invited Generates greatest amount of interest More than 50 became involved due to an invite Private Interests 0 Business groups Goals that coincide with those of other groups Labor groups normally considered a private interest Lobbying for contracts and policies Often occurs in business coalitions 0 Professional Groups I ABA I APA I AMA Members join for the bene ts of networking 0 Interest group lobbying still occurs UNIONS ARE NOT INTEREST GROUPS Public Interests Civil Rights 0 LibertiesRights 0 Age 0 Race and Ethnicity Grassroots Interest Groups 0 Consumer 0 Environmental pg 2 0 Good Government 0 Social Issues What Makes Interest Groups Powerful 0 She 0 Resources Money Issues 0 Leadership 0 Cohesiveness Common Cause good gov39t gt missile defense Interest Group Activities Direct Action Score Goals Strategic Alliances Personal Contact Formal sitdown meetings with congressmen Informal contact in public Communicating ideas to decision makers Indirect Action 0 Public Pressure 0 Activating Constituents 0 Education and Mobilization In uencing the decision maker without actually talking to them Method of outside lobbying 0 Public Protest Going outside of the formal system Rally v Protest Lobbying o Revolving Door Former members of congress Major in uencers in lobbying and governmental relations 0 Private Meetings Majority of direct action occurs in this setting Case Street 0 Testimony 0 Bill Writing Legislative service bureaus Interest groups write bills in most cases 0 Information Primary role of providing information Sole power of a lobbyist Knowledgeable of the views of constituents 0 President 0 Executive Agencies Interest Groups in Campaigns o Volunteers Role of providing bodies for campaigns Interest groups call upon their members 0 O O 0 pg 3 0 Money Allows for a smaller number of involved persons Political Action Committees PACs 0 Campaign money 5000 contribution to PAC 0 Mechanism by which individuals can funnel money into a campaign 0 Limitations to individual donation Max 4000 0 Bundling Combining bunches of 2000 contributions 100person party collects near to 200000 at once Major impact on congressional campaigns 0 Hedging your bets Support for PAC re ective of one39s interests Independent Expenditure 0 Campaign control over PAC and individual contributions but 0 Protected freedom to spend one s personal money Frighteninglyinstitutionalizeddeveloped Candidate has deniability Unlimited donations Labor UnionsBig Businesses Other large groups Parties Issue Advertising Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act 2003 Full restriction on soft money Advertising rules 5275 More Money 0 Citizen39s United 0 Super PACs Reporting requirements No limitations on spending Disclosure laws unlike nonpro t sector Interest Groups Corporations and Campaign Finance 0 Representational Inequalities Balancing efforts to ensure equality Representation Expenditure 0 Resource Inequalities 0 Access Inequalities o Privileged Position of Business Corporations w 0 00003200000 pg 4