SOC 402 Week Notes - September 28th - October 2nd
SOC 402 Week Notes - September 28th - October 2nd 402
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Popular in Sociology
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Meagan Brant on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 402 at Ball State University taught by Hennessee in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Sociological Theory in Sociology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
September 28th October 2nd notes for the week Sociology of Theory Book Notes The American Emergence 1 Pragmatism this was the element that Cooley and Mead were most concerned with 2 Progress 3 Individualism 4 Cultural diversity 5 Conservative liberalism Coolev and Mead comparison Charles Cooley George Herbert Mead Father leading law professor at the University of Michigan and justice on the Michigan Supreme Court Father minister Mother President of Mount Holyoke College degree in Mechanical Engineering PhD in thosophy BA from Oberlin College second BA at Harvard Founder of the SOC department loved outdoor activities Agnostic supported women s suffrage and helped the poor improve their place in society Ann Arbor Michigan South Hadley Massachusetts Known for primary groups and secondary groups and the looking glass self llIII Known for the and the quotmequot and the generalized other Mind Self and Societv 1 The self is a biological being and becomes a human self when it comes into contact with others socially The I is the ongoing current reality making and the me is what kind of thoughts you have about yourself based upon what the I does 3 The I and the me are connected Alder and Alder and The Gloried Self The Alder s took a tool from Cooley s toolbox the looking glass self and applied it to a college basketball team to form the gloried self They argue that the gloried self is a version of yourself that is formed through interactions with the media and fame Eventually you lose sight of the core self because you end up acting as everyone expects you to act Class Notes Monday September 28th 2015 In this class we discussed more about Weber mainly his theories on bureaucracy and his point of view on religion and economics Class status and power Weber in contrast to Marx believed that there were three strata that divided people in accordance to the capitalistic structure of the day 1 Class literally how much money one makes 2 Status prestige or social acceptance approval and likedness in the community 3 Power mostly political power how likely are you to be able to influence major ideas of the community Weber argued that status level is what brings people together more so than the class and power aspects of capitalism For example let s say you are a professor You are sitting in a room full of professors and you are trying to make friends There are teachers there that have worked their for 10 years 5 years and 2 seconds class There are teachers that liked by the group and those that shy away from group activities based on their personalities teaching styles family life etc status There are also teachers in the room who have the power to make the decision in the room today Weber would say that you should base your friendship makino on conversation concernino status because this is the thing in which commonalities will eXist Weber also indicates that the stratas can overlap In my example above it could be that the professor with the most power is also the one making the most money But because of these factors he is not well liked in the community High power high 0333 0W status Bureaucracy There is a shift from traditional rationality to formal rationality with the shift to industrialism Formal rationality allows for efficiency in production calculability and organization Example BSU as an institution is a bureaucracy that thrives off of the concept of formal rationality When you think about it as a business it is compartmentalized into many different subcategories For one example the financial aid office solely deals with their list of issues You would not call the English Department if you had questions about your tuition Hierarchy of decision making In the financial aid process there are rules that you must follow before speaking to a representative For example when you call you are directed by an automated prompt you must have certain paper work complete and certain criteria met before you can be consider9d Rules and regulations In an effort to create a business of efficiency there is impersonanty in the system because a lot of the time you deal with humans for a very short period of time All in the same breath this is where the efficiency concept can back fire and make things actually more complicated Religion and capitalism Weberian Causal Links 1 7 Prior Christianity consisted of multiple gods One knew exactly who to pray to when they needed something and as a result they would know exactly when that god didn t listen to their prayers The relation between gods and you was very interactive Overtime the shift from multiple gods to one God in charge of everything comes to play Now since there is an all encompassing God there is a less personal relationship Calvinism is introduced humans are confused on what God is listening to and not listening to They want a cut and dry answer to their problems Therefore Calvinism corresponded directly with the capitalist economy in that those who were following the word of God were good paying citizens of the community and got as much stuff as they could Leaders become more efficient Class status and power are formed Bureaucracy is formed Protestant Work Ethic In response to the change in religious views and the economy synonymously a desire to perpetuate spending is placed into the structure of society Religion and religious ideals are embedded in the economy as people look as though they are destined for heaven a large desire if they possess a lot of things McDonaldization The idea of bureaucracy and new inventions new ideas and new concepts McDonaldization is a word formed around the business model of McDonalds and how it is synonymous with bureaucracy Wednesdav September 30th 2015 In the United States there were many catastrophic things that happened to the society and the economy back to back to back 1 Depression 2 Prohibition 3 World War 4 World War II After all of these events sociologists of the time are asking themselves and others what can they do to combat these issues Once new strategies were put in place to respond to these negative aspects of society we started seeing some positive change 1 More money 2 Advances in technology 3 Women have more babies What are the characteristics of the individualistic culture of Americans 1 Pragmatism Our actions are purposeful we can do something to change 2 Progress We will get there with time little by little things will be better 00 Individualism Doing everything in response to individual need Durkheim would think this concept is null as he believed that for anything to have sociological significance it needed to be applied to the larger society 4 Cultural Diversity Equality attempt 5 Conservative liberalism While we want individual rights we still want a maintained social order therefore a governmental body that we have a say in Fridav October 2nd 2015 Coolev and Mead They have ideals concerning the individuals They think from the bottom up which differs from many of our theorists that we have studied thusfar Coolev amp the Looking Glass Self Imagine you are looking in a mirror at yourself and creating a self image In this self image you have ideals about yourself amp you have ideals about what people think about you In the end a combination of these thoughts ends up forming your perceived self It is a constant interplay of how we think others judge and feeling of self What becomes real in imagination becomes real in its consequences Three stages 1 Imagination of what others are thinking about you 2 Judgement of how others are judging you 3 Selffeeling how you believe others are seeing you is how you end up seeing yourself Example Plastic surgery Jana is self conscious about her nose goes to get plastic surgery because she thinks others see all the imperfections she does Compared to all the celebrities and friends with perfect noses Jana thinks everyone is judging her Therefore she gets a nose job Example Anorexia m Mead was not as good of a writer as Mead was but he was an excellent speaker 80 a lot of the time he would educate his classmates they would take notes and this would end up being his writing Social behaviorism in relation to Pavlov Humans are different in this sense because they can perceive the situational and contextual parts Example Dogs are told not to sit on furniture and get punished if they do so Therefore no matter what they are not to get on any furniture Humans on the other hand can understand a right time and place for something to occur For example you tell a child no cookies except holidays are okay to have sweets Therefore they understand that the holidays are a special time in which they can break the original norm rules Pragmatism This is a concept in which one believes they are actively creating their reality Past experience aid us in forming our present realities Example Think of yourself being at a fancy dinner with your family There you form your own reality No one told you to dress up eat with the fork and not your hands or talk quietly just to your table as you eat You just do it In the past you have experienced it and everyone currently around you in the restaurant is not breaking any norms and also helping you to create this reality of fancy restaurant The Act There are four steps to the act in which demonstrate our ability to think before respond to stimuli However we don t think about it happening in steps because it occurs in our heads automatically I like to remember it as the 4 P s 1 Impulse Put in 2 Perception Past 3 Manipulation Plan 4 Consummation Pounce Example Think of being in a college party setting Someone comes up to you and asks you if you want to take a shot of Ever clear The Act plays in your head You start thinking about your situation what is everyone else doing Am I having fun Would I fit in better if I take the offer impulse Then you think about what happened to you the last time you took a shot of this horrible stuff You threw up passed out and then didn t want to go to class the next day perception Now you form your thoughts Should I drink it manipulation Finally you tell the person thank you but no consummation Parts of the self I The I is what is happening to a person in that very moment Me The me is the mental image one holds of themselves based off what your I does in the now Generalized other The generalized other is a combination of your personal image of yourself and what you think others are thinking about you 4 Stages 1 Preparatory stage only understand your role 2 Play stage understand the difference in roles 3 Game stage can mock differences in roles 4 Generalized other understand how different roles work together Self The interplay of the I me and the generalized other Example You are playing in a baseball game The ball is coming at you and you catch it I and then throw it to the other player on your team I The throw ends up being bad so the other player does not catch it causing the other team to score a run You start critiquing your skills me and are thinking of what the audience must think of you generalized other Gloried Self A study of the gloried self was done with a college basketball team They wanted to see what it was like for the self to transition into fame 2 dimensions of the gloried self were discovered 2 dimensions 1 Reflected Self lack of authenticity beginning to lose your core self 2 Media self whatever tag you are given you start to become this
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