Chapter 6 Terms
Chapter 6 Terms soc 201s
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Asif Khan on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to soc 201s at Old Dominion University taught by JONATHAN W LOPEZ in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY in Sociology at Old Dominion University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Chapter 6 Terms Social ControlThe techniques and strategies for preventing deviant human behavior in any society ConformityThe act of going along With peersindividuals of our own status Who have no special right to direct our behavior ObedienceCompliance With higher authorities in a hierarchal structure Informal Social ControlSocial control that is carried out casually by ordinary people through such means as laughter smiles and ridicule Formal Social ControlSocial control that is carried out by authorized agents such as police officers judges school administrators and employers Control TheoryA view of conformity and deviance that suggests our connection to members of society leads us to systematically conform to society s norms DevianceBehavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society StigmaA label used to devalue members of certain social groups CrimeA violation of criminal law for Which some governmental authority applies formal penalties Index CrimesThe eight types of crime reported annually by the FBI in the Uniform Crime Reports murder forcible rape robbery aggravated assault burglary larcenytheft motor vehicle theft and arson Victimization SurveyA questionnaire or interview given to a sample of the population to determine Whether people have been victims of crime WhiteCollar CrimeIllegal acts committed by af uent respectable individuals in the course of daily business activities Victimless CrimeActs involving the willing exchange among adults of widely desired but illegal goods and services Organized CrimeThe work of a group that regulates relations among criminal enterprises involved in illegal activities including prostitution gambling and the smuggling and sale of illegal drugs Transnational CrimeCrime that occurs across multiple national borders Strain Theory of DevianceMerton s theory of deviance as an adaptation of socially prescribed goals or of the means governing their attainment or both Cultural TransmissionA school of criminology that argues criminal behavior is learned through social interactions Differential AssociationA theory of deviance that holds violation of rules results from exposure to attitudes favorable to criminal acts Social Disorganization TheoryThe theory that attributes increases in crime and deviance to the absence or breakdown of communal relationships and social institutions such as the family school church and local government Labeling TheoryAn approach to deviance that attempts to explain why certain people are viewed as deviants while others engaged in the same behavior are not SocietalReaction ApproachAnother name for labeling theory Differential J usticeDifferences in the way social control is exercised over different groups
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