10/15 & 10/22 Culture and Identity
10/15 & 10/22 Culture and Identity PSC1001
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Date Created: 10/29/14
1014 amp 1022 Culture and Identity Key Terms political identity primordialism constructivism clash of civilizations j orientation one holds relational one thing vs another I am not when do identities become political power linked to one identity vs another different interests one group owns and one does not mobilization strikes protests violence not all identities become politicized crosscutting prevent from becoming politicized ex gender ranges across political parties latent LBGT not until recently not all identities become the base of a party ex gender Why do they matter form set of interests emotions solidarity connection to other people hard to distinguish rational from emotional interests Rwanda materialrational want land emotional tutsis are bad Sources of identity social class ex peasant vs land owner ethnicity ex religion geography language ascnp ve religion different can be changed race Views on identity psychically embedded very much who you are spontaneous brought out by challengeconflict inflexible ex Collapse of Yugoslavia was communist federation multiple religions break up 1991 led to ethnic cleansing conflict ancient hatreds erupting criticism static neglect role of elites malleable choice involved flexible socialpolitical context matters elites play a role socialpoliticaleconomic manipulate population media and propaganda things affect identities ex Collapse of Yugoslavia elites stoked conflict Slobadan Milosevic ex Violence in Uttar Pradish India living together peacefully for a while then violence erupted Criticism overemphasizes choice view gives too much power to elites Huntington end of Cold War nature of conflicts has changed civilization highest cultural entity ex Ibo future conflicts between civilization and within countries ex Muslims vs Christians in Nigeria democracy democracy is a product of western civilizations critics broad claims about civilizations cultures are complex and dynamic constructivist view of identity unrealistic nationstate replaced by civilization gt bad Impact influential especially post 911 west vs Islam religious conflict Conclusions identities life blood of politics what people bring to the table identities fixed vs malleable have a role in driving conflict
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