10/22 Religion and Politics
10/22 Religion and Politics PSC1001
Popular in Introduction to Comparative Politics
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Date Created: 10/29/14
1022 Religion and Politics Key Terms secularization modernization religion powerful force in politics how do we think about religion in relation to modernization relationship between religion and regime type primordialism vs constructivism Religion as a Political Identity latent basis for political identity can be mobilized most of the time open to joiners people ambitious to spread religion fundamentally about ideas religion defined by a relationship to other religions relationship to political authority malleable vs fixed organized power civil society religious authority mobilize people to do stuff organizational structure Religion Around the World most prevalent 1 Christianity 2 Islam 3 unaffiliated trend occurs towards break down of tradition rationalist world view science individualism materialism quotnot really compatible with religionquot rich countries secular exception US conclusions evidence for rich countries except US religion is holding steady parallel to modernization trend secularization thesis is questionable Role in Politics religious divisions across faiths within faiths fundamentalism vs reform secular vs religious divide W Europe Latin America Effect on Politics fosters conflicts moral absolutism in religious conflict there is no pie to redistribute all or nothing my god is better than your god end of story destabilizes regimes threatens democracy tempting to seize power and either force religion out or upon people fundamental principles conflict w democracy modernization democracy modernization gt erosion of religion gt democracy questionable link between modernization and secularization many democracies exist w high religiosity outside of the West religion in compatible with democracy Huntington Catholicism at democracy falsified by 3rd wave in Latin America Confucianism at democracy falsified by Asia Islam at democracy conflates Islam w Middle East argument only looks at a few big countries Indonesia and India have large numbers of Muslims democratic resource curse ignored Conclusions religion is a potent force in politics but is malleable
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