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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by truonglm on Tuesday October 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INTD4022 at University of Cincinnati taught by Cindy Damschroder in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Interior Design History Theory Critisism in History at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 10/06/15
List 6 European Art Nouveau Interiors Nature as generator of form 10615 934 AM Art Nouveau umbrella term comes from Sam Bing called Freestyle in Italy Bing has shop and exhibit at a fair in Paris called L Art Nouveau Same fair as Eiffel Tower exposed iron frame Bing didn t design the shop selling arts and craft and stuff and became very successful Starts to get Asian influences and other countries around the world through the world fair Last decade stylepractice explosive but short lived In America it s the beginning of sky scrapers 18881900 Color pallet is similar nature like Morris Art n Craft theory has considerable effect on Eng and Scotland However many accepted the industrial path gt Art Nouveau regional expression but still awareness of what s happening in other areas like Gothic embracing technology directing to the middle class Hector Guimard bringing organic style to metro entrance design still existing today at metropolitan stations Plant like style not attaching to other historical styles Looking at what Morris did application of ornamentations to objects then make 3D Victor Horta Hotel Solvay 18951900 Works with wealthy clients who don t have a budget gt freedom to be creative Solvay is in Brussels Belgium is a townhouse Masonry bearing structure glass glazed window surfaces bronze work crystal palace ideas applied on this residential scale Concave and convex idea on facade Play with materials and technology exploring the exposure of iron framework organic expressions curvilinear Horta was very young when Solvay was done energized very engaged 0 Grand Stairs Using lighting as an exposed structure support visible raw form 0 Door frames become structural curvi Vocabulary on wall as well and builtin space 0 Furniture softness of all the featurespiecesparts Smaller corridor than Victorian period 0 Main stairhall is the main hall still a sense of hall but not excessive gt creative and comprehensive tech materials interior attributes Still has traditional factorsexpectations music room but can be opened up to be a flowing space gt geometric layout with curvilinear vocab Hotel Tassel Opposite central feature on the facade Stairs Glazed Brick in hall Hotel Van Etvelde Space is known for glass hall center of the house Brought light coming in from the roof Serves as the main central circulation point ot Winter garden in Brussels Slender columns used at a framework for stained glass overhead and basis for the railing Egt lots of handcraft but using technology Maison du Peule Socialist Party HQs Public building AN version of office buildings Social work party realized that this style is applicable to their buildings but has a budget gt middle class application Assembly Hall Auditorium space seats 2000 people Whiplash line Late 18801900 very prominent roots in nature trade mark homemark line of art nouveau With AN there s a sense of detachment reinterpretation to historicism Characteristic AN type of line Easily communicated across countries Dies out quickly Curvilinear Scotland Belgium Asymmetrical whiplash line Looks natural and flowing Though sometimes looks forced Function is relatively rectilinear but curves are applied Furniture integral with architecture builtin miscellaneous furniture Rectilinear Spook School Furniture Henri van de Velde basically an AN designer leaves France to go to Germany and tries to raise level of craftsmanship in Germany Famous for and interested in builtin furniture Found School of arts and craft in Valmar which later on became the Bauhaus Louis Majorelle Create the flow from one part of furniture to another chairs tables Emile Galle well known for his glass work List 6 Continued 10615 934 AM Bold contrast coming into place Mackintosh house one of the places to figure out their philosophy of colors light and dark and contrasting notion Plays with Victorian style masculine feel dark dining room Willow Street Tea room Huge crack down on public drunkenness during the day gt Tearoom became very popular resolving drunkenness problem Client was a woman 3 tea rooms each named for the street they were on Each different but still have cohesion to them Offers wide variety of tea still existing today Willow Street first floor selling remotely anything commercially second floor tea room Parts of it more luxurious gt a class difference in furniture working for the social goods social use solving social problems levels of furniture for ladies and levels for business Mackintosh Furniture Chairs designed for specific spacespurposes Mostly straight back chairs Hill House Open to public late spring to early fall Not a commission that Mac was in charge for every room Only work on the primary rooms of the hall only those people are going to see Now holsds the last documentations for mackintosh Hall done Drawing rooms has window seat done Kitchen area not done Library done Master bed room amp bathroom done Other areas not accustomed to Mackintosh degree Can tell the interior through the exterior All elements details go together and very complimentary level of details not often seen in residential projects Dining room dark overall look and feel masculine ampVictorian sensibility Margaret often responsible for the graphics screen work textiles Drawing room Cozy more private sheltered ceiling raises up a little protective spaces pallete different from the entry happens a lot in his work off set by dark veneerpainted wood and builtin that are light Abstract rose ball Bedroom more of the plantseed motif By shaping the architecture around he created the space cove for the bed bed was not going to move Furniture designed and built specifically for the room Glasgow School of Arts There are tours at Glasgow school of Arts have a gallery of Mac s furniture