Week 5 of Notes
Week 5 of Notes History 151, 22
Popular in Global History to 1500
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacqueline Wiley on Tuesday October 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 151, 22 at La Salle University taught by Professor Frassetto in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Global History to 1500 in History at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 10/06/15
Week of September 29 2015 Prof Michael Frassetto a Buddha O 0 Middle way offered a moral path to righteousness and virtue to break the cycle of death and rebirth and allow the soul to achieve Nirvana Nirvana to be one with the universe ultimate paradise The idea of Nirvana wasn t really described by Buddha the ideas were expanded by priests Blacksmith invites Buddha to dinner which ordinarily wouldn39t happen because of the different castes Blacksmith made mushrooms for the Buddha but apparently they were poisonous So he died it shows his rejection of the social system After his death his followers cremated him and divided the ashes and bones into 8 parts which was stored in shrines such as Stupa Place of respect pilgrimage where the Buddha and Buddhist saints would be laid to rest 1 India nal thoughts 0 Main elements of culture society politics and religion were already developed 0 1900463 important elements and structures of Indian society was created Foundation upon which all later lndian tradition was built a Pericles 0 From Athens Speech about the dead Why was Athens worth ghting and dying for Why was it so great 0 It39s a democracy 0 The power is in the hands of the people 0 Everyone has a voice and has a part in the decision making 0 Every man is equal 0 Everyone has the same rights 0 Everyone is equal before the law 0 No class distinction Poor guy and rich guy have the same rights No impediments placed upon the poor No shame to be poor 0 Unless you don39t try to do anything about it 0 That39s where the dishonor lies 0 Games and sacri ces all year around 0 Uni ed 0 Know how to have fun a China 0 Take pride in their rich culture 0 Interested in beauty and learning and culture 0 Busy doing lots of things o If they39re sacri cing they have religion 0 Pleasing the gods 0 Olympics 0 Dedicated to the Gods started on Mount Olympus Prosperous 0 Busy also making money and a living for themselves Wars 0 They do really well 0 They don39t train all of the time as soldiers they have more important things to do 0 Open to everyone 0 Welcome foreigners 0 School of all of the Greeks o The city that39s too busy to hate 0 The Great Wall Shows us an important element in the history of China Symbol of part of the pattern of Chinese history Keep people out Recurrent problem in Chinese history was people on the other side of the wall Periods in which northern peoples will move into china and will invade and conquer china 0 Bring about a period of great unrest and instability Cycle of order and disorder brought on my these invaders Ironically China is sometimes described as one of the longest lasting continuous civilizations in world history 0 These invaders realize what the best way takeover is to adapt their cultures to the cultures they invaded 0 China like our other civilizations went through a Neolithic revolution Huang Yellow River Heavily silted river Yangzi River 0 Both are great to farm around Discovered farming Developed by about 5000 and lasted to about 2000 BC 0 Growing rice and wheat water chestnuts water buffalo and cattle Laid the foundation for the growth of Chinese culture and civilization 0 Xia Dynasty rst great phase of China Lasted until about 1600 BC Xia kings did very important things 0 One invented writing 0 One invented Chinese family values 0 One invented irrigation 0 Kings were more mythical than real 0 Story that the ancients told Creation stories 0 Beginning around 1600 we reach a historically solid ground A new dynasty established itself Shang o By conquest they took over from 16001027 Bronze weapons bronze helmets had chariots which they used to impose themselves Invaded conquered and took control of China Once having done that they continued to expand As a consequence they had to nd way to rule this newly conquered territory 0 These tribal chieftains became kings o Responsibilities protect Develop territory they had created Two institutions 0 People that could read and write 0 Maintain accounts and tax records the laws etc 0 Appointment of these growing kingdoms like governors Ritual human sacri ce if king dies 0 These kings were responsible for offering prayers and sacri ces to the Gods 0 Sense of serious of God but ruling over them was this kind of heaven universal supreme heaven that resided over everything 0 Didn t pray directly to these great gods but to his ancestors o Shang had become bad rulers Zhou Dynasty overthrew them Shang lost the mandate of Heaven Rulers are chosen by Heaven
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