Vocab for cell cell
Vocab for cell cell BIOL 107 7696 15
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by email@example.com Notetaker on Tuesday October 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 107 7696 15 at Truman State University taught by B Berke in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introductory Biology I w Lab in Biology at Truman State University.
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Date Created: 10/06/15
Vocabulary CellCell Interactions Cell Identity function of cells and its role within a plant or animal or its function as a single cell RBC muscle neuron Cellcell interactions direct interactions between cell surfaces that play a crucial role in the development and function of multicellular organisms Bristle cell sheath cell 7 I socket cell cell dendrite bristle cell dendrite bristle cell Socket cell what the bristle goes though Sheath cell what covers neurons ex myelin sheath Neuron a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses a nerve cell Sensory organ precursor all 4 cell sheath socket bristle and neuron come form this Numb The protein encoded by this gene plays a role in the determination of cell fates during development Tissue Groups of cells linked together Providing support to provide exibility or to do some work such as secrete a molecule or produce a movement Epithelia tissue that is involved with Protection Sensann Secretion Absorption Excretion Diffusion CDU39gtJLIJI Connective tissue tissue that connects supports binds or separates other tissues or organs typically having relatively few cells embedded in an amorphous matrix often with collagen or other fibers and including cartilaginous fatty and elastic tissues Muscular tissue Cells designed to contract and exert force on cellstissue they attach to Actinmyosin Nervous tissue most complex Cells designed to transmit information Express special ion channels for fast information ow brain to leg Dermal tissue Cells designed to protect a plant39s interior yet absorb nutrients limit evaporation Ground tissue Cells designed for storage processing and physical support When plants are watered these cell retain liquid and provide rmness to leavesbranches location center of plants Vascular Tissue Cells designed for transport of uids minerals and nutrients from roots to stems and leaves Xylem and phloem cells connect end to end like a pipe Meristem tissue Undifferentiated cells of the root and shoots that divide to form the branched roots and leaves and stems Primary growth length and Lateral growth width trunk expands connect cytoskeletons of cells Selective adhesion affects cells shape Antibody a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen Antibodies combine chemically with substances that the body recognizes as alien such as bacteria viruses and foreign substances in the blood Neuronal synapse structure that permits a neuron or nerve cell to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another neuron the inner side of the plasma membrane in which water and lowmolecular weight solutes can freely diffuse The Plasmadesmata allow the direct flow of small molecules such as sugars amino acids and ions between cells Chloroplast work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells only in plants not animals Extracellular matrix collection of extracellular molecules secreted by cells that provides structural and biochemical support to the surrounding cells outside channelcell bilayer Hormone a regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action Lipid Soluble dissolves in lipids Lipid Insoluble does not dissolve in lipids Receptor an organ or cell able to respond to light heat or other external stimulus and transmit a signal to a sensory nerve D D x c I D Z 0 c I O I D I SD 5 D 3 D 2 O 5 O h 3 2 CD 0 E SD 2 Q 3 9 U h 0 3 SD 0 2 interior Signals received by cells must be transmitted effectively into the cell to ensure an appropriate response This step is initiated by cellsurface receptors act as molecular switches inside cells and are involved in transmitting signals from a variety of stimuli outside a cell to its interior gtkamplify an extracellular signal because there can be many enzymes each that make chemical messengers 1 signal many effectors 39m39 gnals received at receptors on the cell inst mones growth factors etc to target H with f quot 7 I I inlettam lglwem39m ijlCally adding phosphate groups to them fnirdcrhi t i f f ah this 3lfl lml mam Lw r F lm mw Gygtlgatdanasl a L u m WW l39iitquot lll lill l art slz lrlamill Clint FEDtin t Either WEIR g r it til UTPrsa Eur rtt wartime mil 1th autism unit their titre 5l Et rgftLl l tin titquot the nega trape produce ttea when 1 L Calcium tans 652W he mot reed thel the queen She read tnth Ph St whiz inthfm G lli Hymns of approathti 1 the GDP lS E r I quoty Itgttatllrant P 1 1 mg It s to 3w f GPmmin39mupm m V A thalfofhs Change5 3 phosphatase is an enzyme that E removes a phosphate group from tape substrate protein lot other things stimulate or inhibit it inhibitionactivation insulin Hecepmor Sodium Ii7quot 1 Transporl r r quotWW i i x 1 l l i l m pdpioeis uni Transcription Transcription 39 Growth Kinase Direct Siimulatorrlu39lodi caiion 21 Transcriptional Elimulaiion Phosphatase Diredlhhihitoni Modi cation Ii Transcriptionalllnhihi1ion o Transcriptim Fador b b MultistepStirmlaipryh39luclihcation Translocafion 1I ll Multisieplnhitiiiory Mediation r SeparationMSUhun ilsorCIea rage Produds i Tentative Stimulator Mot catinn i Tentative inhibitory Modi cati n draining ofSubunits Pheromone hormone secreted or excreted chemical factor that triggers a social response in members of the same species Questions a Hormones are lipid soluble molecules that can diffuse across the plasma membrane and bind to receptors found in the cytoplasm If a hormone s receptor is expressed in a particular cell that cell will respond to the hormone If however a cell does not express the receptor the hormone will be without effect a Sponge cell aggregation requires adhesion molecules expressed on the outside of cells to allow them to interact with collagen In fact this very experiment was used to identify several different classes of adhesion molecules