Popular in Intro to Comm/Sci & Disorders
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Hanford on Tuesday October 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CDS 212 at Syracuse University taught by Tammy Kordas in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Intro to Comm/Sci & Disorders in Art at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 10/06/15
92115 Monday September 21 2015 348 PM Aphasia is acquired it is not present at birth Patients with aphasia have difficulty nameword finding anomia People who a aphasics use a lot of fillers um a etc Their speech slows down because it takes so long to find words People with aphasia either have fluent or nonfluent speech Nonfluent aphasia strokelesion in anterior brain brocas area accompanied by hemiplegia weakness on one side of the body Fluent aphasia stroke posterior to behind sensory strip Wernicke s area no motor involvement Broca39s Aphasia nonfluent conversation decreased verbal output increased effort in speaking agrammatism telegraphic speech difficulty repeating difficulty with naming comprehensions is better than production often co occurs with apraxia of speech Wernicke39s aphasia difficulty understanding and repeating language fluent paraphasic speech omission of parts of words incorrect use of real words neologismsnonsense words incorrect us of phonemes jargon logorrhea excess verbal output Conduction aphasia lesion located between brocas and Wernicke39s possibly in the arcuate fasciculus or left temporal lobe in auditory association area intact comprehension and articulation very poor repetition ability frequent phoneme substitutions quality is reduces difficulty with oral reading Global aphasia expressive and receptive language are significantly impaired person is nearly mute or uses excessive vocalization use of simple words repetitively nonverbal comprehension of gestures and facial expression is good poor repetition Clip 1st story Jeannie she was brought up in isolation never taught to speak 13 years old the size of a 6year old kept in a cage strapped to a potty chair she was treated like a newborn even though she has 13 years of memories according to theories Jeannie should not have been able to learn language because she missed the critical period she stopped making progress after a while she cannot understand grammar her left cortex never got stimulated from not hearing words her brain literally shrunk she was put in state care she was moved from home to home and her condition deteriorated she was prevented from seeing the people that were close to her Clip 2nd story Edik was protected by local dogs eventually started behaving like them he was barking and biting and humping like a male dog when Edik was 6 he was moved to a foster family his behavior has improved but his language is at the level of a 3 year old in the beginning he did not know how to eat normally or wear clothes etc he made good progress linguistically they brought him back to the village he was neglected in he couldn t remember memories but places that he went for shelter the dogs could have seen Edik as a provider for the pack for the food and shelter that he provided them Main difference between the stories age of the children Jeannie could not learn grammar Edik could 92315 Clip on babies learning language Genes occur in pairs and are located on 23 pairs od chromosomes Allele version of a gene children inherit one allele from each parent Autosomal Dominant requires one affected allele can come from either or both parent ex Huntington39s disease Autosomal recessive both alleles must be affected to express trait parents must both carry at least one allele parents often do not know they have the recessive genes ex Cystic Fibrosis Expressivity how trait is presented in a child Syndrome inherited condition with a unique constellation of symptoms ex Down u l I I u l I L I l IL syndrome Traglle X syndrome CIETT HF and palate Gene Mutations occur in 2 ways inherited and acquired drugs x rays certain viruses Once mutate will continue to replicate in mutated form Disorders with suspected genetic etiology stuttering autism childhood apraxia dyslexia cleft lip palate