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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Hanford on Tuesday October 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 382 - M001 at Syracuse University taught by L. Gellis in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Health Psychology in Psychlogy at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 10/06/15
91515 Tuesday September 15 2015 1059 AM What is stress Def the process by which a person both perceives and responds to events that are judged to be challenging or threatening Stress Reaction ResponseBased Physiology of stress flight or fight Hormones Epinephrine adrenaline Norepinephrine heart rate blood pressure muscle tension Cortisol stress hormone precise and objective indicator Stimulus Event Based quotthis situation is very stressfulquot Attempt to quantify or categorize the amount of a stressful situation Ex Holmes amp Rahe social readjustment rating scale Life change units amount of change that was necessary ex Divorce Disadvantage does not take into account the individuals factors in how people perceive respond to stressful events Resolved or unresolved Coping Self report Small to modest relationship to psychological problems Cognitive Transactional Model Lazarus ampColleagues Perception of stress Person amp Environment Interaction Balance between perceived demands and actions Primary Appraisal primary meaning of an event is event going to be trouble irrelevant or benign Challenging harmful or threatening Secondary Appraisal assessment of coping abilities and resources to handle a threat or challenge Stress amp Immune Functioning Ader and Cohen 1975 conditioned rats to avoid saccharin flavored drinking water Number of rats became sick and died nausea drug injection suppressed the immune system Found immunesuppression even without the drug The process of classical conditioning 1 drug unconditioned stimulusnausea unconditioned response 2 saccharin neutral stimulus drug unconditioned stimulusnausea unconditioned response 3 saccharine Nausea Psychoneuralimmunology legitimize the now growing field called psycholeura li mmu nology Develop an inderstanding of the role of psychological factors in changing the immune system and the development of disease Immune system primer Immunp cvcl39pm39 nrmir lpc 1 r lpfpncp nonincf 1 Inripfv nf invnr lino nronnicmc l hnrfprin IIIIVIII U U UIIII VIVVqu u u uqu Iluw MDMIIIUH u Vullvb VI IIIVMMIIID VIDUIIIUIIIU Muvuwl I fungi viruses etc Various types of white blood cells natural killer cells B cells T cells Invade and attack foreign particles Specific immunity specific to one invader disease vaccinations secrete antibodies in response to a specific foreign substance Studying the immune system Measuring the functioning of different kinds of cells in the immune system Tcells B cells NK cells healing process illness wound repair Producing antibodies to a vaccine Summary Stress is explained and measured in multiple ways from ones physical response to events the events themselves and the perception of these events Mind body discoveries opened the door to and important studies focusing on the relationship between mental and physical health Stress Health amp Coping Goals review effects of stress and immune functioning ways of coping and health consequences Stress directly effects cortisol epinephrine norepinephrine and can produce immune suppression Indirect effects drugs alcohol unhealthy eating sleep Coping cognitive thoughts behavioral and emotional ways that people manage the internal and external stress Approach vs Avoidance Approach gathering information or taking action or make an effort to solve the problem associated with decreased stress in the long run Avoidance avoid the people and situations drugs alcohol fantasy may minimize initial stress increased stress in the long run and associated with overall greater stress Problem vs Emotion focused Problem focused deal directly with the stressor Emotion focused attempt to deal with our emotional reactions to stress risky behaviors rumination repeated negative thought on a stressor emotional expression and processing 92215 Tuesday September 22 2015 1105 AM Test 1 next tues 929 2 pencil Chapter 15 Mostly notes Book info blackboard Goals Explanatory styles and coping Explanatory Styles and immune system Pessimist bad outcomes are their own fault they don t expect good things weaker immune systems Optimist have longer healthier lives expect he best and can control events stronger immune systems Cognitive transactional model does the situation have a primary appraisal or secondary appraisal will you have increased stress or decreased stress Posttraumatic stress disorder a really traumatic event that is extremely threatening extreme stress reaction that lasts at least a month impairment in functioning Symptoms intrusive memories reexperiencing memories dreams flashbacks avoiding people places or thoughts that bring back memories negative changes in cognitions and mood negative expectations disinterest hyperarousal and reactivity Clip shown in class what a stress reaction may look like a man with ptsd what his daily routine was like dealing with his symptoms Loplng anu I IDU Alcohol avoidance style of coping you don t attempt to solve the problem without the use of alcohol Social support emotional and instrumental support Relaxation response to learn to be able to go out and be calm and relaxed without strong physiologic sensations slow heart rate blood pressure and reduce muscle tension Three requirements focused concentration comfortable quiet environment passive attitude
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