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Chapter 5 - Building Blocks

by: KUMIKO Notetaker

Chapter 5 - Building Blocks A104

Marketplace > Republic Polytechnic > Applied Science > A104 > Chapter 5 Building Blocks
KUMIKO Notetaker
Lynette Liaw

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Hi guys! Hopefully my detailed note of lesson 5 is helpful for you!
Lynette Liaw
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by KUMIKO Notetaker on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to A104 at Republic Polytechnic taught by Lynette Liaw in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Biology in Applied Science at Republic Polytechnic.

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Date Created: 10/07/15
Chapter 5 Building Blocks Macromolecules A molecule with a very large number of atoms 0 Typically have more than 100 component atoms Consisting of the basic units called monomers Polymerization Monome Amino r Polymer Simple Nucleotide acids sugars 5 Proteins Carbohydrat Nuclei es acids Carbohydrate Polysaccharides Main source of energy 0 Source of chemical structures for ribose sugar DNA glycoprotein hormones Stores energy as glycogen Starch and glycogen aquot it in 1 L39 i i D5 H 536 quot 3 Ila7 A In Starch tubers bread rice I I13 quotE Glycogen liver meats I 39 ELI 31 r E 95 win 39 I ll I 39 a a I g39 0 nan Consist of monomers alphaglucose Formed through dehydration synthesis or condensation of more than two glucose molecules Structure is linear and branched consisting of bonds Alpha 14 linkage main chain Alpha 16 linkage branched chain Cellulose Found in vegetables fruits skin whole grains Consist of monomer betaglucose Formed through dehydration synthesis or condensation of more than two glucose molecules Structure is linear and branched consisting of bonds Beta 14 linkage main chain Ii Ii inaLalgl I In an Protein 0 Found in animal meats soy products Consist of monomers amino acid 0 Amino group NH3 Carboxylic group COOH Side chain R Group 0 Amino acids are categorised based on the chemical properties of the R Group 0 Polar Nonpolar Acidic Basic quotf I C n minua urban Emmy Emup Slide thrill Structure is formed through dehydration synthesis or condensation of more than two amino acids Hydrolysed by proteases into amino acids Provide structure Regulate body processes Transport materials throughout your body Help your immune system Act as a source of energy Nuclei Acids Found in animal meats Consist of monomers nucleotide Nitrogenous base A Adenine T Thymine C Cytosine G Guanine Fivecarbon sugar Phosphate group H r E H 39 Tr E39HEIIE Hailingn m n u n h an II f i Genetic information isstored in the sequences of nucleotides in the DNA Nuclei acids are hydrolysed to nucleotides Lipids Triglycerides Found in animal meats and plant oils It is a macromolecule but not a polymer Formed via dehydration synthesis of glycerol and fatty acids 0 Structure of fatty acids can be saturated or nonsaturated fats lEsiter Bond ii I H i I i i HHFr a if n M iii H ii iii an n H H H H H VFWEI39 H H f4 graingall hasEdi Pillar1t based Eg IanIiii butter Eg all Sallid Liquid High Law No quotTEE Practice Questions 1 What is a polymer What is a monomer 2 Choose the correct description about starch a The most abundant biological molecule on earth b It is a disaccharide made of amino acid monomers c It is a polysaccharide formed by condensation synthesis d It is stored energy for animals 2 Match the correct monomers to the biological macromolecules Monomer Biological Answer macromolecules a Fatty acid and Protein glycerol a Nucleotide Lipid triglyceride a Amino acid Carbohydrate a Monosaccharide Nuclei acid 1 Which of the following is not a polymer a Glycogen b Protein c Sulphur d Hydrogen 2 The biological macromolecules of all living things are can more than one a Carbohydrate b Protein c Lipid d Water e Nuclei acids UJN N From the macromolecules listed identify their function to the human body a Carbohydrate b Protein c Lipid d Nuclei acid Explain the role of water in facilitating the hydrolysis reaction Carbohydrate is also known as a polysaccharide a Name the function of starch cellulose and glycogen respectively b Identify the monomer for the polysaccharides c Write down its chemical formula Fill up the table below Starch and Cellulose glycogen a Monomer a Name of the bond which connects each monomer a Is the human body able to break the macromolecules into its monomer Justify your answer Protein is commonly found in organisms and is the building blocks for tissues hormones and enzymes a The structure below is the monomer for b Name the functional groups in the monomer c Which functional group gives a variety of monomers d List some forms of protein which can be used by our human body Nuclei acids are the macromolecules that carry genetic information The monomer of nuclei acids is called It consists of the molecule groups called Explain how DNA is able to retain genetic information Name the enzymes responsible for the hydrolysis of nuclei acids What are the products from the hydrolysed by the enzymes Are the DNA consumed utilized to make the DNA in the human body Lipids are macromolecules a List the functions of the types of lipids in the human body b What are the differences of steroid phospholipid and triglyceride c Fill in the table accordingly fDQ O39QJ Unsaturated fatty acid Saturated fatty acid Examples of food source Physical state at room temperature Melting point Does it consist of carbon carbon double bonds CC Learning Outcomes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Name the four major complex biological macromolecules found in living cells Carbohydrate Protein nucleic acids and Lipid Identify the chemical structures of Carbohydrate Protein Nucleic Acids and Lipid Triglyceride Three of which are listed on food labels Carbohydrate Protein and Lipid For each group of biological macromolecules name its generic monomer simple unit and polymer complex structure Describe the function of consumed Carbohydrate Protein Nucleic Acids and Lipids in the body Explain the role of water in synthesis and breakdown of biomolecules Describe the polymerization and hydrolysis process for carbohydrates and proteins in the human body Identify the glycosidic bonds in carbohydrates structures Identify the peptide bonds in protein structures 10 Explain how lipids are formed and hydrolysed 11 Explain the hydrolysis of nucleic acids Need answers Feel free to drop me an email 15043445 myrpedusg


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