History and Importance of Forest Management
History and Importance of Forest Management NRES 250
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Weiler on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to NRES 250 at a university taught by Shelli Dubay in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 94 views.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
History and Importance of Forest Management Pre Settlement times to the Present Presettlement 1903 million forested acres in contiguous 48 states About 45 850 million acres was forested Native Americans were active land managers Burning Openings created for villages Agriculture main focus with re Land management re management Exploitation lnexhaustible and Hindrance Conserve preservation Sustainability Colonial Settlements 16071783 Settlers Attitudes Forest is a nuisance Forest is inexhaustible Forest needs to be conquered Rate of forest Comm Property 0 Key to settlement and Economic growth 0 Protect ordinances o 1626 Plymoth colony o 1681 Penn County 0 1691 Broad Arrow Policy Needed leader of colony permission to take a tree Independence and new Republic 17831891 New government 0 Weak central gov No taxation Formation of Public Domain Gov usedsold PD land 0 Promote settlement Merrill Land Grant Acts 1862 0 State received 30000 acres of land per member of Congress Homestead Act 1862 0 160 acres in the West 0 Officially ended Federal Land and Policy Act of 1976 except Alaska which ended in 1986 Timber and Stone Act 1878 0 250 per acre for land not suited for farming Exploitation of resources and clearing of land wwestward expansion Developing concerns 18301891 Westward expansion exploitation of resources Civil war 0 1864 George Perkins Marsh authored Man and Nature 0 1874 AAAS Comm 0 1876 Franklin Hough appointed US Department of Agriculture head of Forestry George Catlin Henry David Thoreau Fredrick Law Olmstead and John Muir warn of loss of wilderness and natural values President Harrison set aside 13 million acres of land President Cleveland set aside 21 million more acres of land Organic Act 1897 0 Provides for the management of forest reserve 0 quotimprove and protect forests and provide a continuous supply of water and timberquot New Philosophy 18911911 0 1898 Biltmore Forestry School opens 1928 McSweeny McNary Forest Research Act 0 Establish inventory and monitoring
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