Week 2 Lecture + Reading Notes
Week 2 Lecture + Reading Notes SOC 002
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Demi Chang on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 002 at University of California - Davis taught by Kiburi, Lalia in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Self and Society in Sociology at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
SOC 002 Self and Society WEEK 2 Lecture 3 4 gt The Death of a Shaman Documentary gtRefugee status when a person is forced to escape their country due to war natural disaster or persecution racial or religious The Mien were forced to flee to the United States from Thailand because of the Vietnam War gtCulture Clash The children including Fahm were Americanized in the US while their parents did not embrace the American culture or learn the English language This intergenerational conflict would create a role reversal in the parentchild relationship here the children held the power and knowledge of American culture over their parents an example of the Social Construction of Generation Gap where the children focused on American culture and often ignored their parents and their vast knowledge of traditional Mien culture gtReligion This would be both an enriching and oppressive force in Fahm s life An Amish family would house and feed them when they arrived to the US and Mormon missionaries would be supportive gures in their childhood However when Fahm s father felt pressure to join a religious group of Mien Americans in his community he had to burn the books clothing and precious items that related to Shamanism gtCognitive Dissonance the discomfort of deciding between two or more contradicting cognitions For example when Fahm s brother had to decide between having the presence of a family and supporting it or turning in his family to distance himself from them and their opium abuse gt American PovertyCrime During their arrival to the US there was a lack of welfare gangs the presence of opiumdrugs and poor neighborhoods Fahm s parents would struggle to support their family safely financially and emotionally causing them to become drug addicts gtNonverbal versus Verbal Communication While Fahm would verbally speak in the Mien dialect to her relatives in Thailand there would be nonverbal communication through the spiritual rituals the singing around the dinner table and the symbolic dress which would act as a spiritual and personal conversion for Fahm Nonverbal communication is the way people unintentionally or intentionally communicate without words It can encompass gestures body language and the six universal facial emotions happiness anger surprise fear disgust and sadness Nonverbal terms include 1 Emblem A nonverbal gesture that has a clearly understood de nition in a culture It usually has a direct verbal translation like the OK sign 2 Encode To express a nonverbal behavior smiling or patting someone on the back 3 Decode To interpret that nonverbal communication that other people express the pat on the back could be interpreted as empathetic or possibly condescending gtBehaviors Prosocial behavior refers to behavior that helps others Fahm would pay for her cousins school uniforms to keep them in school Altruistic behavior is where one person does something for another without expecting anything in return Stereotype theory is where one fears of being devalued based on an unworthy status ie gender or race For example a European white man may feel less capable of succeeding in a computer science class in comparison to an Asian a race stereotypically known for doing well in computer science gtRole Playing The various roles that people portray themselves in life Fahm s father plays the role of a husband a father a linguist a herbalist and a cultural researcher gt Selfand One sActions SelfPresentation is where a person acts in according to their morals and ideals Fahm struggles to find her own ideals by looking through her father s belongings and talking to her father s family Selfmonitoring is where a person is attuned to their selfpresentation and will change it to match their ideal impression Internal locus of control is when a person believes that they can control the things that happen to them an external locus of control would refer to a person who believes that they have no control to the things that happen to them gt Perception Selfperception refers to how a person perceives their self while social perception is how people make impressions and inferences of others People can often form an impression of another person by their words actions facial expressions and even their tone of voice Who Rules America Thinking About Inequality The American Ruling Class gt Often the stockholders in major corporations such as GE as mentioned in the video are not specific people but banks Essentially the rich institutions run the economy increasing the social disparity between the rich and poor gt How does one become part of the ownership ofAmerica Often people are born into ownership the heirs and children of those in power grow up with the social network and the sufficient money supply that allows them to take over their parent s position Medical Influence on Cultural Manifestations amp Behavior gt Often when there are cultural manifestations of getting operations surgeons will prey on patients by convincing them to fix these insecurities For example in many parts of Asia slanted eyes are considered as a feature that makes one look passive dull unintelligent and unattractive In Korea many people will criticize your slanted eyes to the point of insecurity and indirectly a surgical operation gt The term tall dark and handsome is a common one in our culture where height is considered ideal for males However this manifestation of an ideal for tall men leads many men to surgically lengthen their bones just to get a few inches taller Chapter 3 Additional Reading Highlights gt Social Cognition the ways in which people think of themselves and the social world and specifically how people obtain and interpret social information to make decisions gt Automatic thinking decisions made without thinking it s quick unintentional involuntary and automatic It can range from making immediate impressions of a person or pressing on the brakes of our car when someone steps on the road We often engage in automatic thinking without consciously knowing it sometimes based on our past experiences and knowledge of the world around us 1 Automatic Goal Pursuitis when there are competing goals we act on the one that has been recently primed For example if a person just walked by a church they might be more inclined to give a homeless person sitting on the street some money 2 Automatic Decision Makingis where the unconscious mind helps a person make a good decision By analyzing different choices and then distracting oneself can actually allow the unconscious processes to make a good choice 3 Mental StrategiesShortcutsgt Judgemental Heuristics availability and representativeness heuristic are the mental shortcuts that one uses to make quick and ef cient judgements Availability Heuristic is where people make a judgement based on the ease with which they can bring something to mind while Representativeness Heuristic is where a person classifies something based on how similar it is to a typical case An availability heuristic example could be when a person must come to judgement of how kind their classmate is this person will go to easily recalled memories of their classmate being kindunkind to make that judgement A representative heuristic example is where a blond tan student in New York who likes to go the beach is assumed to be from California because he fits the commons stereotypes for Californians gtSchemas or mental structures used to organize knowledge of the social world affects how we think notice and remember It is a general term that can include our knowledge of ourselves events other people and social roles For example schemas can be how we think librarians are like or what usually happens when we eat at a restaurant 1 The accessibility or the extent to which schemas are at the front of one s mind and likely to be used to make judgements of the social world affects which schemas we use These schemas can become accessible by past experiences recent experiences or having a schema be related to a current goal known as priming For example a person currently reading a novel related to mental illness can be primed to interpret a person talking to himself as mentally ill 2 Selffulfilling prophecy can also allow people s schemas of other people to come true Selfful lling prophecy is the case where a person has an expectation of another person and this influences how they act towards that person and consequently causes the person to behave similarly to the people s expectations making the expectation come true gt Controlled thinking decisions made with effort and deliberation 1 Controlled Thinking versus Free Will sometimes we overestimate or underestimate the amount of control we have in our lives however the more we believe in free will the more likely we will help others or be moral human beings 2 Counterfactual Reasoning when people mentally change part of their past as a method ofimagining what might have been gt Holistic versus Analytic Thinking While Western culture tends to focus on an analytic thinking style a type of thinking that focuses on the properties of objects and not its context East Asian cultures focuses more on holistic thinking style where people emphasize the overall context and how the objects relate to one another
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