Notes the week of 10/5-10/7
Notes the week of 10/5-10/7 SOCI 1101
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paige Notetaker on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1101 at University of Georgia taught by Cooney in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
Sociology 105 Networks Facebook is an electronic social network sociologists very interested in networks electronic and natural network a system of interconnected people or things neurons computers etc Direct vs indirect ties network ties can be direct or indirect indirect a connection through another person The human network humanity forms a single network but how connected is it just 6 degrees of separation between everyone in the entire world that is unlikely surely we each live our own relatively small networks how can we possibly be connected through acquaintances to everyone in the world lt s a small world in fact we are 1967 Stanley Milgram found that letters sent from Omaha through friends reached a man in Boston in about 6 steps since then better research based on email messages show that the entire world is on average about 6 degrees of separation apart weak ties create a path which connect distant parts of the network strong ties vs weak ties network connections or ties vary in strength strong ties family close friendships weak ties acquaintances strong ties lend support and companionship but weak ties are surprisingly advantageous social networks average connectedness of friends on Facebook 57 followers on Twitter 47 individual effects how do people find jobs Granovetter found that when managers heard of jobs through personal contacts it was through weak not strong ties weak ties provide access to more distant people and opportunities the strength of weak ties deas strength of ties also important in explaining ideas eg religious ideasbeliefs socioogists study not the truth of religion but what people believe in and how they came to believe it egwhy do people take the big step of converting to a new religion conversion ask people who have converted and they will tell you that they were persuaded by the religion s doctrine Lofland amp Stark observed conversion to Unification Church in 1960 s attempts at conversion without a strong tie were unsuccessful instead a conversions were by personal contact friendship strong tie first conversion second conversion networks not all strong ties resulted in conversion strong ties to nonmembers who disapproved of the group or who were strongly committed to another religion no conversion Stark amp Lofland people convert when they have stronger ties to members than to nonmembers then the theology convinces implication converts will typically see amp talk about conversion in theological terms are not being dishonest just are reconstructing their past in light of their present but it does show that people are not always the most valid source of information about themselves most conversion takes place among people who have changed networks moved to a new location married or divorced Summary networks are system of ties direct or indirect stronger or weaker we are all part of a highly connected global network strength of ties to explain what people believe and how they behave Sociology 107 ntroduction our core beliefs what we hold to be true and right depends greatly on our social environment in particular on those with whom we have strong ties on Monday we saw this was true of religion The political divide poitica beliefs in America are very divided eg health care beliefs Health care Liberas vs Conservatives Liberals Conservatives heath care is a right health care is a privilege 40 million uninsured system best in the worlds if market does not provide if market does not provide government should we can t afford it government runs eg the government makes a mess military successfully of everything it runs Europe has universal Europe is a secondrate health care coverage region now in decline Political debates the same sharp divide exists on abortion gun control gay marriage taxes climate change etc knowing a person s stance on one of these issues you can often accurately guess their stance on all of them Causes politicians but politicians reflect their constituent s beliefs the media Fox news and Wall Street Journal support conservative views MSNBC and NY Times support Liberals but the media have to appeal to the public limited ability to brainwash people The Big Sort A new theory argues that social morphology is the main cause Bi Bishop the Big Sort Americans are increasingly sorting themselves into communities of likeminded people One group likes health food stores yoga studios hybrid cars other group likes hunting churches trucks Likeminded communities the result is communities neighborhoods churches clubs of the like minded red communities blue communities people only interact with those with whom they already agree eg Boulder vs Colorado Springs or Athens vs Oconee County Election results social polarization political polarization percentage of landslide counties where one presidential candidate wins by 20 or more has increased significantly since 1970 s Other research interaction with likeminded others breeds more extreme values eg one study found students who were more conservative joined fraternities and became more conservative over time similarly those who did not join fraternities became more liberal over their college years same is true of people trained to be neutraljudges What s the future national disasters can bring a country together WW2 912 but once disaster ends the divisions reappear if Bishop is right they will not go away soon
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