Psyc4220 Week 8 Notes
Psyc4220 Week 8 Notes PSYC 4220
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caitlin Conner on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 4220 at University of Georgia taught by Kacy Welsh in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
PSYC4220 WEEK 8 NOTES 0 October 52015 0 Quality of Attachment 4 categories Secure attachment 65 of US 1yearolds Use parent as secure base 0 Warms up to stranger with parent present Upset when parent leaves 0 When parent returnsmaintain contact until comforted then return to exploration Resistant ambivalent attachment 10 of US 1 yearolds Doesn t trust parent 0 Parent not used as effectively as secure base 0 May be scared of stranger even when parent present 0 Very distressed when parent leaves 0 When parent returnsvery difficult to soothe 0 May be ambivalentstay close but resist contact Avoidant attachment 20 of US 1yearolds World is bad 0 May avoid contact interaction with parent 0 May be friendly with stranger may ignore Not as many signs of outward distress when parent leaves 0 When parent returns do not seek out comfort from parent Disorganizeddisoriented attachment 5 of US 1 yearolds Most insecure stressed out by situation 0 Combination of anxious avoidant tendencies 0 Show confusion about approachingavoiding parent Sometimes distressed when parent leaves sometimes not When parent returns 0 May avoidresist parent 0 May act confused frightened dazed Caregivers contributions to attachment quality 0 Caregiving hypothesis type of attachment baby forms is determined by type of caregiving provided Securely attached babies parents are sensitive synchronous emotionally supportive stimulating Babies with resistant style inconsistent parents Baby tries to get comfort through neediness becomes angry when nothing works Babies with avoidant style Parents either 0 Impatient unresponsive negative OR 0 Provide too much stimulation not responsive to baby s cues 0 Infant learns to avoid adults do without emotional support Babies with disorganizeddisoriented style parents likely neglectfulabusive o lnfants contributions to attachment quality 0 Temperament hypothesis Strange Situation is really measuring differences in infant temperament not attachment styles But Some babies have different types of attachments to different people Training parents increased number of securely attached babies o Fraternal and identical twins equally likely to develop same attachment to parents 0 More to do with environment 0 Attachmentan interaction between infant and parent 0 Affected by both style of caregiving AND temperament of infant Quality of caregiving affects development of secure or insecure attachment type of insecure attachment in uenced by temperament Babies with fearful temperamentresistant Babies with fearless temperamentavoidant Goodnessof fitmodel attachments determined by compatibility between child s temperament and caregiving style of parents 0 Cultural differences in attachment 0 Cultural differences in child rearing practices and expectations can result in different attachment patterns 0 The attachment QSort may be a better measure Can be used with older kids Assesses wider array of behaviors in natural environment But is time consuming and doesn t distinguish between types of insecure attachment 0 Attachment stability 0 Research is mixed 0 SES Middleupper class more likely to stay secure over time 0 Changes usually go from insecure to secure especially with social support and psychologically adjusted mothers Low seslow levels of support high levels of stress o More likely to move from secure to insecure Chapter 8 Physical Development in Preschool Body growth 0 Add 23 in 5 lbs each year Boys taller heavier more muscular Begin to lose quotbaby fatquot gain adult proportionsthis improves balance posture and motor skills October 7 2015 0 Size affected by nutrition health care genetics Brain development 0 Brain increases form 7090 of adult weight 0 Rapid development of frontal lobes corpus callosum 0 Brain becomes more lateralized but 2 hemispheres work together on most tasks Motor skill development 0 Gross motor skills large movements show steady improvement over preschool years Ability to throw ball Partly due to maturation of brain body amp partly due to practice 0 Highly active levels highest age 3 0 Boys slightly more active than girls May be innate Boys better skills involving power strength 0 Fine motor skills requiring smaller more precise movements also improve Girls better at these skills and those requiring balance 0 May be socialized Gradually become adept at dressing feeding themselves 0 Fine motor skills Potty training takes place 0 Age of potty training increasing in US o DEBATE October 9 2015 o EXAM 2 o AAP advocates exible approach when child shows signs of being ready Able to take clothes off Follow simple instructions Pooping on a schedule Stay dry for 2 hoursduring nap Wants to