Social groups and roles in society
Social groups and roles in society Psychology of communication
Popular in Introduction to Learning and Behavior
Popular in Psychlogy
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aashika Kushwaha on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology of communication at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Hanna Ulatowska in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Learning and Behavior in Psychlogy at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
Ch 6 Sociorelational Context Membership groups for individuals in any culture there are those groups to which they belong Ex Ex Age race sex and biological family group also depend on if you are transgender or bisexual Nonmembership groups those groups to which people have no choice but to belong Ex Age race sex and also depend on if you are transgender or bisexual Voluntary and Involuntary nonmembership groups are those groups to which people do not belong Some people may want to belong to a group but are ineligible to join because they do not possess the needed quali cations eg age education in the same way people might be eligible for a group but choose not to join Motivated to remain unaffiliated Ex Caste system may want to be part of another caste but you must remain in the one that you were born into Age talk more casually with younger Statues talk more formally with ppl of a higher status more formal with a professor rather than btw you and someone of your same status Have to be more formal with your parents than with your friends this sometimes varies in culturesrelationships matter Voluntary groups are normally stereotyped not common for kids of divorced couples to interact Not common for interaction btw wife1 and wife2 or the same man Some cultures are more formal while other cultures may be more relaxed Korea is more formal compared to US Don t just go up to someone in Korea and say hi They have their own way to approach others Topics such as politics don t say bad things about Democrats around a group of democrats iin order to prevent damage in relationships etc Other topics that you may not talk easily about are religion etc Don t say bad things about someone else s religion Amount of tolerance of each culture varies regarding topics that you should or not should talk about Appropriate topics matter and vary culturally To some cultures asking about private things may not be appropriate in other cultures We orient the way we act and talk depending on how formal we must be with ppl of different groups statuses including written language formal emails to a teacher compared to informal emails to a friend written email may be more important than spoken language to ppl of higher statuses varies culturally lnGroups group whose norms aspirations and values shape the behavior of its members Outgroups group whose attributes are dissimilar from those of the ingroup or on that opposes the accomplishment of the ingroups Differnece of communication dependent on age difference ex such as btw different aged sbilings in different cultures Ex African Americans Oldermore wise US Older are not necessarily wiser 0 Affected by technology Reference Groups group to which we may or may not belong but with which we identify in some important way possesses some quality to which we aspire and hence serves as a quotreferencequot for our decisions or behavior We often compare ourselves against reference groups in making judgments and evaluations Ex If a student fails and exam but learns that most of the class also failed then she or he will not feel so bad reference groups in uence our selfconcept our selfesteem and our relationships with others Role one s relative position in a group rank Ex Some may lead and others may follow There are two types of roles in cultures formal and informal Formal roles have wellde ned and often predetermined behavioral expectations associate with time Ex The chief executive officer of a corporation the president of your college or university and the president of the United States all have clearly prescribed sets of behaviors they are expected to enact by virtue of their roles Informal roles learned informally and are much less explicit that formal roles Behaviors expectations associated with informal roles vary from person to person I am a lot more chill with friends than I am with my parents Social Identity how the society around you sees you and hierarchically ranks you roes that are commonly associated with are brother sister boyfriend girlfriend son daughter coworker US Korea Personal I I Impersonal Korea 5 Hierarchy Strict I Hierarchy Loose Formal Korea US Informal Deviation Allowed Korea US Devnatlon not allowed Role Differentiation and Strati cation Social Strati cation rank ordering of roles within a culture Ex You need to be a lot more formal with a professor than you have to be with a friend varies by culture Family Groups we all belong to a family whether it is adopted or biological Patriarchy refers to a social system traced through the male line Matriarchy natural differences between men and women are acknowledged an respected but they are not used to create social hieracrchies instead men and women complement each other and their natural differences function interdependently to meen needs Polygomistic menwomen can have multiple spouse Monogomistic menwomen can only have one spouse Hmong cultures most important sociocultural groups are the family and the clan Both of which are headed by men patriarchal each person has certain obligations to others When one shares with fellow clan members the act is returned marriages btw memebrs of the same clan Korean cultures family roles and social interaction are governed by patriarchal Confucianism Israel cultures considered a familycentered society strong family orientaiotn is a formal part of Israeli social policy Mosuo microculture of China thought to be matriarchal Sex and Gender Groups determined by biological sex Biological differnces between males and females Sex role gender is a set of expectations about how one should begave Sex referes to the biological and anatomical classi cation of males and females Gender social and symbolic creation we learn through enculturation and socialization associated with masculinity and femininity Gender Sterotypes words behaviors and actoins are stereotyped and are normally associated with certain genders Male associated bossy capable courageous hardheaded loud rigid robust tought Female associated cautious dependent fearful kind pleasant sexy shy softheaded unstable weak understanding Japan role of wmen is contemporary bowing female walk three paces behind her husband househod duties chid bearing India boys are more privileged in imporverish homes males are fed rst Birth of a daughterconsidered a burden economic liability never possesses an identity of her own China Women have little freedom and few rights Peope s Repubic more equality Advance toward women s rights severa laws enacted that equate women and men legally and socially Mexico More women are divorced than men men tend to emigrate once they divorce Marying ages of 16 women choose to marry around the age of 20 Women contribute in domestic work age of 12 some women work outside of the house Men in charge of family directionwomen only take this responsibility if the men have left the home Israel only country in the world wit a compulsory military service requirement for women and where women constitute a third of all soldiers Judaism rejects contemporary secular Israeli culture Most male members are distinguished by long black coats wide brimmed hats beards and side locks Women cover their head with a scarf etc if they are marryed they must also wear heigh necklines long sleeves and long skirts