Executive Branch POLS 1101 096
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aashika Kushwaha on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 096 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Dr. Iliyan Rumenov Iliev in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see American National Government and Politics in Political Science at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
Constitutional Provisons Must be natural born citizen at least 35 years ole and US resident for 14 years 0 Presedent limited to 2 terms 25 amendment Impeachment president kicked out by House Senate 23 vote Framers and the Presidency Designed presidency to allow demands for quick action during national crises Created focal point for coordinating collective ction Avoid a president who uses temporary advantages 0 In charge of military Prsidency and the Constitution 0 Commander in chif Chief diplomat Head of State 0 Executive 0 Legilator Constitutional powers are limited yet president is still quite powerful Most president business based on authority from public laws which Congress created President as Commander in Chief and Head of thee Staet o Constiutiton president is commander in chief of th armed forces Founders didn t want one individual control over the military Chck that president s powers by Congress approving of war The President Head of Staet o Framers organized aurthority to transact diplomatic affaris esson from the A of C 0 Head of state is a focal point in international negtiations 0 Washington has authority to recanch agnecty modify bureaucratic rules or acitons change decisionmaking procedures give substance and force to statures ognize new gov and receive its ministers of other countries recently opended relationship with Cuban Ambassadoraccepting the gov President As Chief Executive 0 Head of Bureaucracy Articale ll of the COnsitution quotexecutive power shall be vested in a president of the United States of Americaquot Does not de ne this power explicitly Section II Make appointmetns with advice and consent Recess appointments 0 Section III Take care that laws are faithfully executed Executive Orders Formal instruction from the president to manage government Has the force of law until president of a successor retracts it Congress nulli es it of SCOTUS can rule it as unconstitutional Used most frequently to establish executive branch Modify bureaucratic rules or actions Change decision making procedures eEx Directions to military on how to mourn JeffersonAdam s death Improve environmental conditions in federal agencies energy saving light bulbs President As Legislator Graph Modest role in legislative arena cal Congress into special session veto laws Article I must report quotfrom time to timequot to Congress with State of the Union address Presidents attempt to direct American policy by promoting a legislative agenda by adding pressure Use state of the union and quotgoing publicquot directlyto try and set an agenda of ppl watching state of union address is going down because ppl cared more in the 60 s not that many channels to see the gov bound to watch the president in the 60 s so there are higher views Powers of the President Formal powers based explicitly on COnstituiton ead army as Commander in chief grant reprieves and pardons request opoinoins from executive officials negotiate treates and consent of 23 vote of Sentatte Appoint judicial and executive officers with Senate cosent provide infor on State of the Union recommend policy to Congress call emergency session of Congress veto legislation Informal Power based on COnstituion congressional action history initiating milirary action normally need to get permission from Congress but now it is an implied powers emergency power initated during national emergencies attacks impoundments of fundsnot spedn monet that was appropriated bythe US Congress in order to stop the passing of an agreement of NSA CIA etc that president disagrees with Exectuvive Priveliege resist subpoenas and interventions by the legislative and judicial branches of gov to accesss infor ad personnel relation to the executive branch Exercising abdicated congressional Power not to give access Other Resources impied Presidential Statues president can bargain and negotiate wth supporters quotYou have to listen to what I say because I am president in exchange you can ride First Class in my private planequot invited to a presidential fancy dinner dependent on popularity of the president Public mobilization use the bully pulpit The president canget a national audience to in uence policy dependent on popularity Ex Pressured Congress by saying that public wants what president wants ppl get angry at Congress if they don t agree Presidential persuasion HOW POPULAR IS THE PRESIDENT Persuation and Ba rgainsing Most important power of the president is the power to persuade quot The power to persuade is the power to bargainquot Neustadt The president may be able to offer inducements to members of Congress but it is general his persuasion which will win them over Policy lnducement campaign appearance show up somewhere with the president will make you popular if ppl like him as president fund raising and other plicy concession Credibility and Reputation Presdietn must have a credible position and be committed Bargaining skills bargain to get things done President LBJ using the stare Effect on Approval Rating We often blame the President for the bad economy and giv him credit for economic success we hate president just as much aswe hate Congress by the end of their presidency Cinton was liked a bit longer cheated on his wife approval goes up beacsue at the same time the economy gets betterweird as long as economy goes up we don t really mine what the president does in hisher personal life Reaganbad econmy Bush 1raises taxes unemployment ratses go up Presidential Roles 0 President as chief Legislator Commander in Chief Chief Bureaucrat Party Leader President as Legilator 0 Provide infor to COngresss Propose legislation Propse budget Veto legislatioin Presidential Vetoes President can take on eof 4 actions on any bill Sign billbill becomes law Refuse to sign billbill becomes law if COgress is in session for next 10 days If congress doesn39t go into session cannot override veto Veto bill bill returned to the originating house with explanation Bill does not becaome law oeveridden by Congress 23 majority in each house
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