POSI 2310 Ch 10
POSI 2310 Ch 10 2310
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2310 at Texas State University taught by Joshua Quinn in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Political Science at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
POSI Ch 10 The News Media Communicating Political Images How the news media impacts policy and government Media s role is to give an account of events taking place in a way that is timely dramatic and compelling Media is independent and supposedly not biased Historical Development From the Nation s Founding to Today a The early partisan press i Subsidized by political parties ii Parties paid for their own newspapers to promote their policies b Yellow journalism i Form of media exaggerated stories c The objectivejournalism era i People interested in facts ii Try to get the best articles that cover both sides of an issue iii Helped by telegraph and rotary printing press people get information faster 1 By 1900 newspapers had more than 1000 subscribers iv Adolf Ox of The New York Times wanted as little partisanship as possible and as little judgments as possible v Radio the new mass communication system 1 Stations stomp on each other broadcasted at the same frequency at the same time vi The FCC Federal Communications Commission and regulation 1 The Communications Act 1934 a Licenses were issued for the bandwidth of radio buy certain frequency 2 Fairness Doctrine a Must give equal coverage of all candidates regardless of party and impartial coverage of political events d The rise of the new news i The end of the Fairness Doctrine 1 Between TV and radios there were many new channels so there were many options that people could utilize to get the whole story ii Cable news 1 Exempt from Fairness Doctrine since privately owned 2 CNN a Founded by Ted Turner in 1980 i Wanted no bias for 24 hours b Chose to pursue a path of partisan neutrality 3 Fox News a Chose a partisan conservative format 4 MSNBC a Liberal format iii Partisan radio talk shows 1 Without the Fairness Doctrine radio programmers were free to move to a politically partisan format a Majority go conservative since that has the most success iv Emergence of the Internet 1 Lowcost entry compared with other mass media a Equipment is cheaper no licensing 2 Some new news outlets a stunning success 3 The Drudge Report Daily Kos Huffington Post II Journalism and Politics a The signaling function i Alert the public to important developments 1 Disasters emergencies ii US media wellequipped to play this role ii Performed by the traditional media 1 Wire services AP UPI Reuters 2 Daily newspapers 3 Television networks 4 Signal what is going on in society iv Agendasetting of US media results in similarity in national news everywhere 1 Causes people to feel that the same things are important v News media meant to inform the public but also need to attract an audience 1 Objectivity is boring 2 quotIf it bleeds it leads a Violence crime b Crime was safer when 40 of people thought crime was an issue crime was more dangerous when only 5 thought it was an issue vi Media focus on politics instead of policy 1 Scandal gridlock b The commoncarrier function i Conduit for political communication ii TV news has become more journalistcentered 1 Personalities matter and what they think about the story iii Topics often distilled to the quotsound bite lose context 1 Candidates are also limited to what they can say iv Framing the way that events are cast how they re narrated 1 Impacts how you view events 2 Conformity of media leads to conformity of view points c The watchdog function i Role that media has assumed expose corrupt officials has become the quotfourth branch of government ii Objective journalism fosters watchdog reporting 1 Watergate 2 Edward Snowden NSA leaks in 2013 3 Independent news media compete for stories iii Internet has expanded watchdog capacity of media 1 Almost any event today will be filmed or taped 2 Factchecking a Easier to do in recordings b Can research facts on internet d The partisan function i Traditional media mostly neutral 1 Newspapers broadcast news CBS 2 Many different outlets hits every point ii Talk shows mostly conservative 1 Radio iii The internet mostly liberal 1 High opportunity for citizen involvement III The News Audience a The partisan divide i High choice media system there are lots of choices in media ii Until the 1980s Americans had three TV networks 1 Huge daily audiences AND news cast only varied slightly 2 Viewers exposed to the views of both political parties iii Patterns disrupted 1 Fairness Doctrine rescinded partisan press reemerged 2 The emergence of cable TV and the Internet creates more opportunity for more media a Selection bias b Partisan argument c Push extremes of policy preference b The information divide i More news outlets yet viewers less informed ii Fragmented news sources have led to partisan polarization among audience 1 People choose news that agrees with them iii More new available but alternate programming aids avoidance of news iv Younger people are less informed than older people about political affairs c News and time on the internet i Social networks and blogs 23 ii Games and movies 14 iii Messaging 11 iv Search 9 v Advertising 3 vi News and current events 3 vii Other 37