Week 1 Notes: Lecture 2
Week 1 Notes: Lecture 2 ARH 209
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Notetaker on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 209 at University of Oregon taught by Walley A in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 131 views. For similar materials see Hist of Japanese Art >1 >IC in Art History at University of Oregon.
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I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!
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Date Created: 10/07/15
ARH209 History of Japanese Art Lecture 2 October 1 2015 Function amp Ornamentation 1 Jomon and Yayoi Pottery Jomon Period c 11000 400 BCE Sannai Maruyama Site c 35002000 BCE shows evidence ofJade amp Obsidian tradeimport discovery of designated grave site suggests the introduction of separating life amp death in this society children amp adults were buried in separate areas purpose unknown discovery of a communal space separate from living quarters Wood StructureMonument made of six tall posts holding up 3 platforms at different levels thought to represent the winter solstice as a celebration of the death of the old crops and the birth of the new crops and the sun s role in agriculture Clay Figure crossshaped flattened figure of a woman with earrings and possibly makeup wearing some sort of undergarment emphasis on breasts and stomach area places importance on fertility intentionally broken neck suggests the figure was used as a talismanritualistic tool Clay Figure JomonYayoi Exam Slides pg 2 female figure wearing a helmetlike hat more of a 3dimensional figure than the previous one emphasis on breasts stomach area and hips which also placed importance on fertility discovered unbroken in a gravesite which suggests it was not used as a talismanritualistic tool Jomon Pottery Jomon means quotcord marks in that ropes were pressed into the surface of the pottery to make marks Deep Bowl with Scalloped Lip Detail showcases cord marks as well as incisionlike details Deep Bowl with Raised Line Pattern JomonYayoi Exam Slides pg 3 has cord marks as well as portions of wavy lines towards the top placing emphasis on the upper portion pointed bottom implies that the pottery may have been hanging or buried in order to stay upright discoloration towards the bottom also suggests it may have been buried Deep Bowl quotFlamewarequot JomonYayoi Exam Slides pg 4 extremely detailed ornamentation suggests it was not for normal everyday use may have been decorative rather than functional flat bottom allows for free standing Lacquered Shallow Bowl JomonYayoi Exam Slides pg 5 from the final Jomon period inside coated with red and black lacquer that formed a tribal looking patter meaning unknown Other Notes The early Jomon period produced one type of pottery but with progression towards the end of the period more variety of pottery emerged However all Jomon pottery was made with coils and was openfired Lacquer was introduced in the late Jomon period It was collected from the lacquer tree used to make pottery less brittle and porous and since it exists in multiple colors it also had a decorative use Yayoi Period c 400 BCE Latter Half of 339quotI Century introduced rice cultivation which lead to the development of a controlled and equally distributed irrigation system and storage houses as well as the idea of praying to a divine being for healthy crops and electing a shamanlike figure to do so Korean peninsula migration brought over different metals and aided in rice cultivation lack of evidence of a battle suggests the migration was for peaceful reasons the mythology of a godlike figure lighting the path to a new land with a torch is thought to originate from the Korean migration Yoshinogari Site c 300 BCE 300 CE town center is separated from living quarters buildings are raised on stilts thought to be used as a defense mechanism and as watch towers tombs located on the outer edges of the town center thought to be the tombs of important figures in the village which introduced the idea of social status and the class system Bronze Bell dotaku represents life and communication due to the ornamental artwork on the outside not made to function suggests it was a ceremonial artifact Bronze Mirror with Petal Motif idea may have been brought over from China but the Japanese mirror motifs were much larger in scale and had radial designs carved into the surface thought to be a ceremonial focalpoint involving the sun Vase Painted Earthenware JomomYayoi Exam Slides pg 6 nearperfect rounded shape suggests it was made with a wheel sleek smooth surface without decorative elements suggests a move towards emphasis on the shape and craftsmanship rather than detailed elements Pedestals amp Accompanying Vessels introduced a new way of utilizing vessels differing pedestal heights and functions represent ritualistic use in that a vessel on a pedestal becomes more important in status than a vessel without a pedestal Photos of these pieces have been posted in the Exam Slides on Canvas