Week 2 Notes: Lecture 4
Week 2 Notes: Lecture 4 ARH 209
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Notetaker on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 209 at University of Oregon taught by Walley A in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Hist of Japanese Art >1 >IC in Art History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
ARH209 History of Japanese Art Lecture 4 October 8 2015 Changing Worldviews Buddhism and Shinto Corridor Tombs Continued Clothing painted on the figures resemble Korean fashion of that time Anima paintings represent the 4 cardinal directions which help to orient the spirit White tiger west blue dragon east red phoenix south black warrior north Constelations painted on ceiling are fairly accurate also meant to orient the spirit Similarities to tombs in China and Korea The figures seem to be traveling towards the south entrance of the tomb Beieved that part of the soul stays in the tomb and the other part is free roaming Buddhism Kansai Region Buddhist center of Japan Gradua centralization of power Great King leader of the Yamato state Within the Yamato region now called the Yamato basin Ideal for building a kingdom due to the mountainous surroundings What is Buddhism Founder Gautama Siddharta aka Shakyamuni aka Buddha C 5th century BCE quotFour Noble Truths Basically not being quotof the world whether that consists of physical possessions ideas selflove or believing that you are good detachment and instead practicing discipline mindfulness and meditation Helping others is central to all types of Buddhism Mahayana the quotgreat vehicle version of Buddhism Teaches that everyone can be saved Multiple Buddhas Bodhisattva a one who is capable or destined to become a Buddha b one who decided not to become a Buddha until all the sentient beings are saved Many other guardian figures who help feed newer Buddhists so that it is one less thing for them to think about They are experienced enough to feed themselves without it being a distraction Meditation gt awakening gt detachment Buildings are a central part of Buddhist worship Cremation ntroduced when Buddha was cremated and became a common practice Tombs became much smaller perhaps demonstrating further detachment and avoidance of taking up physical space in the world NakaoYama Tomb Urn decorated with a phoenix representing death and rebirth from the ashes Buddhist ideas of reincarnation Shakyamuni Triad Asuka Exam Slides pg 2 One central Buddha sitting atop a mountain with two Bodhisattva accompanying him each figure has a large halo the Buddha s being the largest ntroduces Buddhist idea of the universe Horyuji Asuka Exam Slides pg 3 Buddhist temple grounds Oldest wooden architecture in the world was partially burnt down and rebuilt 3 main buildings the fivestory pagoda the twostory golden hallimage hall where the quotThree Torii is located and the lecture hall on the northern end of the temple grounds The three buildings are surrounded by a corridor with a large gate to the south 2 guardian figures are at the entrance as a reminder to get rid of excess FiveStory Pagoda Asuka Exam Slides pg 4 A square structure made up of beams and brackets bearing all the weight walls are unnecessary but still used Structural support Everything is held together by wooden joinery carved out to fit together instead of nails a bracket is a whole section ofjoinery roof tiles weigh it down for more support wood is painted which protects against the elements The quotheart pillar runs from the very top of the building to the basestone underneath it the heart pillar is not connected to any other structural parts the top of the heart pillar has a tall metal extension that is supposed to protect against lightening but doesn t exactly work The quotbase stone is thought to contain the Buddha s ashes and is inaccessible Only the first story of the pagoda is accessible and the rest are just for show Overall the pagoda represents Buddha s presence Shinto Shinto quotway of the gods ndigenous Japanese religion heavily based on mythology and practiced through rituals also involving animism which is the belief that nonhuman entities including plants and animals have a spiritual essence Shinto had no religious architecture until Buddhism influenced the building of shrines Shrines are meant to house spirits and sacred objects Shinto and Buddhism exist in harmony Mt Miwa One of the oldest sacred sites in Japan nhabited by gods and spirits although they are not physically confined there The quotThree Torii shrines built on Mt Miwa for the spirits and also a barrier to keep people from defiling the area Inner Shrine at se Shrine Asuka Exam Slides pg 5 Built for the Shinto Goddess of the Sun Amaterasu Only accessible by the shrine priests and anyone other than the priests can only enter the outermost gate of the shrine making it difficult to even view the outside of the shrine in person Similar to the pagoda in religious function but different in architectural style Build out of unpainted untreated wood thatched roof weighed down by beams one level built up off the ground covered walkway up to the entrance The New and Old Sites at se Shrine Asuka Exam Slides pg 6 The inner shrine is rebuilt every 20 years since the wood is untreated and has a thatched roof meaning it doesn t stand the test of time There are two lots for the inner shrine one where the aging one is located and one where the new one is constructed once the new one is finished the old one gets torn down and a small hut is built over the heart pillar for protection Youtube Video se Jingu Grand Shrine Photos of these pieces have been posted in the Exam Slides on Canvas
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