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by: Lena Lee


Marketplace > University of Washington > Politics > POLS202ReviewforMidterm1 pdf
Lena Lee
GPA 4.0

Rebecca Thorpe

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Rebecca Thorpe
One Day of Notes
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This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Lena Lee on Monday November 3, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at University of Washington taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 53 views.


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Date Created: 11/03/14
POL S 202 Review for Midterm 1 Violence of a Faction Federalist 10 factions are interest groupsmobs of people with a common goalinterest that drives them to block out the minorities opinions and disregard public good If the government is small and there are a small number of factions they can become the majority and therefore disregard during populist democracy vote for things not favorable to minority unfair to minority Therefore a large republic would prevent this in that there would be so many factions no one faction could take power And election by representatives who are educated would make decisions hopefully for the common good Refine and enlarge public view More representation because more factions brought into consideration Double security Federalist 51 In 1788 power over people was divided both through federalism between the federal government and the state governments and through branches legislative executive and judicial within the national or federal government Because of the division of power a quotdouble security arises to the rights of the people ambition made to counteract ambition Federalist 51 If different branches have different areas and equal powers separation of branches check and balance then they won t concentrate their powers Should not have same mind each branch has power in selecting members of other branches Men controlled by self interest will all try to limit each other to gain more power Bill of Rights 1791 made by fear of Anti feds that constitution lacks natural rights and will therefore allow government to take these rights away Constitution didn t say it so that it could take away Necessary and Properelastic clause allows congress to make laws to execute laws of legislationconstitution Divided government one party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of the United States Congress thus leading to Congressional gridlock 14 amendment naturalizationcitizenship No state make law abridge citizens State cant deprive any person of life liberty or property without due process of law nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws the new Jim crow Mass incarceration Racial profiling police brutality drug law enforcement system of racialized social control Once labeled felon discrimination public housing employment voting and jury service Mostly in racial minority urban communities 1968 partisan realignment Nixon R vs Humphrey D Southern strategy He appealed to white voters in the South with a call for quotstates39 rightsquot which they interpreted as meaning that the federal government would no longer demand the forced busing of school children as ordered by federal courts exploited racial fears LAW and order Vietnam war civil rights movement I800 thomas jeff R I828 Andre Jaeks0n D I 860 abraham L R 1896 William Mekinley D I932 FDRR New deal the big sort political segregation by moving into communities with same cultureideologies Same lifestyle communitiesno meeting opposing viewsmore polarization parties CityvRural 4 Amendment no unreasonableunnecessary search and seizures Arbitrary arrest stopfrisk search warrant Voter disenfranchisement Jim Crow separate but equal 18771960spoll taxes literacy tests 1890s to the 1960s ID modern day Made to prevent people from voting twoparty system Republicans and Democrats dominate politics due to winner take all system CiVil Rights positive actions of government should take to create equal conditions for all Americans The term quotcivil rightsquot is often associated with the protection of minority groups such as African Americans Hispanics and women Granted and protected by a government for its people with regard to ensuring fairness and preventing discrimination with regard to a particular attribute of its people such as gender or age CiVil Liberties Protections against government actions For example the First Amendment of the privacy religion abortion suicide speech and press Multiple traditions system of contradicting attitudestraditions AA liberalism republicanism that evolves over time Not one ideology Ascriptive Americanism hierarchy society on top ppl who deserve rights white men Bottom non deserving ppl blacks women minorities Electoral College reps directly voted for selection of the electors the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice President and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress 270538 State representatives 2 senators of electoral votes Popular vote winner all elect votes in state 3 states 1 voter per district win leftover 2 votes to popular vote winner Voter ID Laws Indiana Crawford v Marion county electorate 2008 require most voters to show ID to vote Supported by Republicans Texas same to prevent fraud only 13ppl found Party polarization When parties grow more contrasted in ideologies and less willing to work together Result of big sort city v rural and media effects Hard for congress to make decisions Controlled agents having legislators anticipate citizens potential preferences Outcome preference no policy preference legislators choose policy carefully to not upset people to be voted don t go against big opinions Challengers activists and interest groups work to reveal bad policies Standard model control vs alternative control model Informati0n shortcuts shortcuts on how citizens decide how to vote for people when they lack real information Party name looks confidentpresidential face political cues potential astray Also rely on retrospective voting conditions during current president economy war social conditions War on Drugs In June 1971 President Nixon declared a war on drugs He dramatically increased the size and presence of federal drug control agencies and pushed through measures such as mandatory sentencing and no knock warrants Police militarization supplying police with military resources 1033 program channels surplus equipment to statelocal police departments Ex ferguson18yrshot rebel police see public as enemy reacted with crowd control military grade weapons 2 quot amendment ri ht to maintain a state militia and bear arms Inter reted to un ownershi g P g P 1965 Voting Rights Act prohibits racial discrimination in voting 15 amendment after Sample essav drug war 1 Political realignments more republican favor safety and security ex Nixon 2 Civil liberties government not prohibited from unreasonable search and seizure Stopfrisk 3 Civil rights discrimination on race Racial profiling Federalist essay 1 Strengthen government while individual liberties separation checks and balance reps union 2 How federalist and anti feds strategies differ for liberties feds want big government to protect minority Anti feds want bill of rights to protect from government Sovereign states 3 Strengths and limitations of each approach with stop and frisk republic right now we voted for law through our reps in congress and yet people s rights are being infringed upon American s political knowledge 1 Reflect of quality in democracy most people don t know much about politics as surveys show so we are not using the full potential of our democracy Only 60 2 Are citizens equipped to make political judgments Many use information short cuts don t know major issues in government Misinterpret candidates stance put them in lighter view Don t look at policies just the party name 70 chose candidate with matched preference Rely on retrospective voting simple minded Ex FDR policies change depression Party in good economy does well 3 Can citizens control representatives even if inattentive Yes through alternative method Control agent Challengers activist interest groups push them to Mandatory Voting 1 Benefitsdrawbacks makes us really democratic through everyone using voice But forceno choice in not voting if we want to 2 Compulsory voting effect individual liberty democracy political equality decision making 3 Low voter turnout problem for American democracy Yes 60 vote last 4 general elections Most voters more extremeactive viewspolarization in government


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