Week Two Lecture Notes: Design Features of a Language and Intro to Phonetics
Week Two Lecture Notes: Design Features of a Language and Intro to Phonetics LING-L 103
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carmen Paul on Wednesday October 7, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to LING-L 103 at Indiana University taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see INTROD TO THE ST OF LANGUAGE in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 10/07/15
Introduction to the Study of Language WEEK TWO 831 Design Features of a Language 0 Mode of Communication speaking or signing Meaning what we want to communicate Pragmatic Function what we want to do Interchangeability of talkers and hearers Cultural Transmission details learned through experience Arbitrariness there isn t anything about the forms of linguistic symbols that predicts their meanings d o g Discreteness utterances are built up of discrete units that combine to form larger units soundsltmorphemesltwordsltsentences Displacement language can be used to talk about things that are not present in spacetime Productivity the rules of language allow us to create and understand an in nite set of utterances that have never been spoken before 0 quotThe cat picked up a gigantic pineapple and danced into the hot air balloon o Allows us to create new words and use old words in new ways Can we communicate without language facial expressions body language waving pointing grunting Do animals have language Bees Forager bees can tell other bees about the distance direction and quality of a food source Waggle dance 7 language Mode Meaning Prag MOIS E Func An39ma39 Interchange x Cultural 50me trans Arbitrariness Animal Discrete S Displacement No x Product1v1ty Language is innate in humans 0 The fact that animals do not have systems of communication that share the features of a language Intro to Phonetics Phonetics study of the minimal units that make up spoken language Articulatory phonetics how speakers produce sounds Acoustic phonetics physical properties of sound waves Auditory phonetics how hearers perceive sounds English Consonants 21 or 20 Vowels 5 or 6 o of consonants with articulatory phonetics o Dog2 o Hour1 o Church3 o Key1 o Phoenix4 of vowels o Me1 o See1 o Key1 o Cite1 o Phoenix2 IPA International Phonetic Alphabet A set of symbols that allow for 11 correspondence between symbols and phones 0 Phone a speech sounds o Consonants 26 IPA symbols 0 Vowels 14 IPA symbols Natural classes of Speech Sounds 0 Consonants produced by blocking or partially blocking air as it passes through the vocal tract 0 Vowels produced with very little obstruction of the oral cavity Articulatory Properties of Consonants o Voicing whether the vocal folds are vibrating while the consonant is produced Dip s is voiceless ip z is voiced Manner of Articulation o How the airstream is modi ed by the vocal tract to produce a consonant
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