Reconstruction amh 2097
Popular in American History race and ethnicity
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tyler Murphy on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to amh 2097 at Florida State University taught by R. Soash in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see American History race and ethnicity in History at Florida State University.
Reviews for Reconstruction
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/08/15
AMH 2097 October 6 2015 Reconstruction immediately after Civil War 1865election of 1876 Idea of rebuilding south and integrating into union again South completely devastated by the war racial situation Fed gov has to decide best way of dealing with situation 0 0 Background Jan 1865 Sherman s special Field Order No 15 gives portions of states in Carolinas and Georgia coastal areas to freed men slaves each family would get 40 acres of land and loaned a mule from the army 40000 took advantage March 1865 US Congress est the Freedman s Bureau a government agency that was supposed to stick up for blacks rights in South meant to help blacks negotiate contracts give resources to poor families give money to schools recruit teachers ran by Republican party April 1865 Lincoln Assassinated Spring 65 Lincoln s VP Andrew Johnson inaugurated and takes matters into his own hands Southerner from Tennessee poor family Before war worked his way up to senator and was one of the only members of congress to stay loyal to Union after South seceded Put on ticket by Lincoln as gesture pro union very different view of reconstruction compared to republicans and congressNorth 1 grants pardons to majority of southerners who want back into Union easy on Confederates Enjoyed power of wealthy plantation owners begging for a pardon 2 Appoint provisional temporary governors of southern states some former confederates Did not favor redistributing land to blacks hoping to be granted land or could buy cheap land was shut down by Johnson 3 Vetoes the Freedman s bureau not looking to help blacks looking to integrate south into union at blacks expense Republican Congress vs Johnson 18651869 1 Pass the 14th Amendment guarantees everyone born or naturalized in US would become a citizen 2 Civil Rights Act of 1866 made blacks citizens and got rid of Johnson s provisional governors 3 Override Johnson s vetoes Johnson tried to veto the civil rights act Congress had enough support to override 4 Johnson impeached in the House Senate fails to uphold it by one vote tried to get rid of Lincoln s senators One senator away from getting removed from office 5 Congress passes the 15th Amendment guarantees the rights of citizens to vote and cannot be abridged by race color or indentured servitude 6 Congress makes sure that Johnson keeps troops in the South protect black citizens Rise of the Republican Party in the South 0 0 Republicans virtually non existent in South in 1860s Changes in the late 60s early 70s as blacks vote Southern Republican Coalition Black citizens vote for republicans party most interested in protecting rights Carpet baggers nickname for northerners who came down to south during reconstruction do gooders came down to help blacks adjust to freedom others wanted to set up stores and build up south but make money in process O Scalawags Southerners who supported Union maybe sympathetic for blacks or the planter aristocracy who controlled the south Black Life Education the Church and the Family 0 O 0 Education community effort denied to them in slavery launch into as hard as they can pulled their little resources to build schools and hire qualified teachers Black Churches creating a new entity previously blacks were allowed into churches but were segregated and treated like 2rld class went back and were still treated unequal left and created their own The Black Family starting to re ect society at large slavery split up families highly valued when they were free strong family ties immediately Black Employment 0 O In urban areas large amount wanted to get away from plantation life Amount of people wanting jobs outnumbered number of jobs Worst type around and underpaid manual labor and custodial work Forces them to live on edges of cities in really poor housing In rural areas No money no land Are forced to return back to same plantations as they were slaves and forced into sharecropping Sharecropping poor whites and poor African americans O 0 Process plantation owner has sharecropper sign onto contract allows them to live on land in an apartment farming and producing crops and has to give large fixed amount of crops back to owner Compromise measure most of society thought it was good How are sharecroppers screwed over makes sure they can never leave Goes into debt to the plantation owner if something natural hurricane drought occurs and stops production of crops If he dies debt does not go away and it is passed onto children or family The Southern lens 0 O Black s natural state was as slaves whites are superior to blacks Slaves were content until the North Abolitionists the Federal government interfered doesn t see aspects of black culture that are developing behind southerners backs Blacks are wearing a mask while enslaved letting the master see what he wants to see Now Blacks are insolent it s the North s Abolitionists the Federal governments fault and we have to do something about it Think they are safe to ignore a white if they are asked to do something wont be tolerated blames north for their new attitude Southerners Resistance 1 2 Black Codes first implemented under provisional governors in aftermath of civil war Designed to recreate conditions of slavery without actually calling it slavery Made black children into apprentices so they could work for employers without pay Some states prohibited blacks from owning land or anti miscegenation laws Couldn t serve on the jury Contained vagrancy lawsno job cant find onefined or required to work on plantations Sharecropping Black are trapped in poverty on plantations cycle of debt 3 4 Rise of the early KKK in the early 1870s under leader of confederate army responsible for pillow massacre Took upon themselves to restore whites in south to their proper place violence and intimidation burn black churches keep black voters from going to polls attack white scalawags and carpet baggers who support African Americans murder of blacks for being disrespectful to whites Solidification of old stereotypes rise of new stereotypes to justify these actions bringing back old and creating new Sourthem WASPs reiterate of the preeXisting stereotypes of 1 inferior race 0 animality one step above animals and incapable of taking care of themselves Lesser beings benefit from slavery O uncivilized process of reconstruction helps justify blacks back into proper place in movies portrayed as animals or whites wearing black makeup 2 Violent O Outgrowth of animality aspect of inferior race slave rebellions caused WASPs to think of them as violent 0 Animalistic sexual tendencies towards women particularly white women whites are superior being black men desire white women seen in media black men are animals that want to rape white women 0 Belief slowly reinforced over time with every slave rebellion a black doesn t show whites proper respect 3 Politically corrupt O Partly an outbreak of inferior race stereotype seen as animals and unintelligent don t believe they could be good gov official Seen to be Manipulated by northerners who caused civil war A People they saw as animalistic savages didn t believe they could be in charge stealing elections when in office unable to govern B All Republicans were corrupt because blacks were part of republican coalition corrupt era in national government democratic party has political losses trading favors to immigrants The End of Reconstruction O Northerners lose their appetite for reconstruction wanted to abandon 1876 breaking point 0 Republicans trade away protections for Blacks in exchange for the presidency compromise of 1876 Lose election by one electoral vote Hayes has to remove black troops in south keeps presidency O Redemption after southern democrats take over without black votes and fed troops and allow to vote southern wasps are able to take over state legislatures again Owned by southern plantation owners again
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'