Week 2 - Medieval Spanish Art (Monday Lecture)
Week 2 - Medieval Spanish Art (Monday Lecture) Rel Std 100
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hazel Medina on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Rel Std 100 at University of California - Irvine taught by Betancourt, R. in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Medieval Spain in Religious Studies at University of California - Irvine.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Professor Bettancourt 09302015 Art HistoryReligious Studies Medieval Spain Week 2 Monday lecture The Great Mosque of Cordoba and Other Sacred Architecture Excursus of Icon of Christ Philanthropos Lover of Humanity Saint Catherine s Monastery Mt Sinai Mid6th Century Icon of Christ Philanthropos Lover of Humanity Saint Catherine s Monastery Mt Sinai Mid6th Century Carries gospel book in his left hand so that he can directbless you with right hand His left side has more of a sense of anger associated with it Has chiastic balance viewer vs subject perspective Closeup 1 Looking at left side mirrored a Looks calm tired worn b Looks mournful 2 Looking at right side mirrored a Bloodshot eyes b Has thin tear c Colors are much redder angrier d Reveals inverse of left and right side of Christ s face Christ in the narthex Chora Monastery early 14th Century 0095 Christ in the narthex Chora Monastery early 1439 Century A Holds robe awkwardly as if there should be a book in his left hand B Asymmetric 1 Viewer rushing into church would see Christ not asymmetric 2 Looks right to draw attention to the chapel but body language directs in opposite direction C Behind Christ is C Hokal Kitis or quotChrist the Brazen One D Church became church based on earlier church for philosophy of Christ I Sacred Architecture A Last time we talked about burial practices and art e Church of San Apollinare in Classe near Ravenna A ltaly 549 Basilica of Maxentius Roman Forum Rome Italy 308312 1 Hypostyle halls that were wideopen and easily accessible 2 Roman aqueducts indicating good building space B PseudoKufic Fake Arabic script 1 There s also this fake Arabic script on Italian Renaissance art 3 a f 39 r 39 3 F x 4r Pseudo Kufic PseudoArabic inscription on plaster on the facade of Hosios Loukas Greece Firsthalf of 11 quot Century j Ilq I J All m JujJ 411 It 39il lm 39il ll l muhnmmadmz mszilu l I There is no god but God Muhammad is the messenger of God 7 in A g o 77 2 Inscription on the facade of Hosios Loukas Greece first half of 11th century a Has pattern of shortlongshortlongetc b Pattern was borrowed for art 3 quotThere is no god but God Muhammed is the messenger of God IV The Rise of Islam 7th and 8th Century A Spread of Islam under Abu Bakr 63234 CE from Mecca up towards Jerusalem B Mosque architecture 1 Comes from House of the Propet in Medina 2 Humble but strong apartmentlike buildings that can ward off bandits and such a Needed a place for them to have a place for prayer b Gave them place to pray and rest C The Farthest Mosque AlAqsa Jerusalem ca 70616 built by the Umayyad caliph al Walid 1 Umayyad built with large areas for congregation 2 Rectangular plaza Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem A Exterior built by Ottomans much later B Place for significant contemplation of an important relic 1 Roundshaped 2 Relics showed power such as bone of a prophet or something prophets touched 3 Also idea of it being where Christ descended from heaven a Place for praying to prophet as well as connection to site Christ descended b Understandings of such place has been contingent with history C Interior Dome of the rock and Church of Santa Costanza COMPARE i lu Interior Dome of the Rock Church of Santa Costanza Mausoleum Jerusalem Israel originally of Constantina and I39Ielena the built between 688692 daughters of Constantine the Great Rome Italy c 325350 1 The columns are similar in both 2 Windows directed light from above to center and mosaics directed light in ways to emphasize brightness in certain areas 3 Dome of the Rock is not about death while Church of Santa Costanza is a Mausoleum 4 Arches and walls of Interior are made of marble with patterns in bookmatching fashion a They are symmetric b Seem to make faces at times c Done by Byzantine craftsmen D Mosaic on the Interior Dome of the Rock Jerusalem Israel 688692 Mosaic on the Interior Dome of the Rock Jerusalem Israel originally built 688692 1 Looks like a crown that could be associated with local ruling powers 2 Gives relation of space of worship and imperials powers manifested E Church of the Kathisma Seat of the Virgin Mary located on the road between Jerusalem and Bethlehem Sm8th century 1 Where Virgin Mary rested on trip from Jerusalem and Bethlehem when pregnant with Christ 2 Has little chapel VI The Great Mosque of Damascus A Courtyard of the Great Mosque of Damascus Damascus Syria 706 1 Built by Umayyad Courtyard of the Great Mosque of Damascus Damascus Syria 706 Built by the Umayyad caliph Al Walid ibn Abd alMalik 2 Architecture brings together various architectures of other places Church of Hagia Sophia Constantinople 532537 1 Similar architecture 2 Both have atrium that can sort of quotpreparequot people for what happens in the church 3 Speaks to early Roman practice of a Tenos a sacred place that acted as the threshold into a holy site from the outside Mosaics at the Great Mosque of Damascus Damascus Syria 706 23quot V39 39 ii xxxi39x 39 39 1 3quot Mosaics at the Great Mosque of Damascus Damascus Syria 706 1 In front of a river 2 Architecture is different from left or right a Shows different architecture of other major sites b Hard to tell sense of perspective c Left side has a sort of gazebo a sort of palatial architecture D Similarities between Great Mosque and church in Thessaloniki Greece 1 Mosaics in the Thessaloniki Rotunda Church of St George Thessaloniki Greece 5th or Mosaics in the Thessaloniki Rotunda Church of St George Thessaloniki Greece 5 1 or 6 Century 2 There are differences despite similarities a But mosaic in Thessaloniki has shadows to show depth and give sense of receding space b Mosaic in Thessaloniki give it more scale Mosaic in Thessaloniki more obvious such as revealing it as a church due to the bible at the center some sort of imperial space 3 Interior of Great Mosque of Damascus Vll Interior Great Mosque of Damascus Syria 706 a Sense like basilica b Mithrab in Mosque has designs that allows visitors to consider and thing The Great Mosque of Cordoba A Umayyad relocated to AnAndalus B Great Mosque of Cordoba Spain 884786 833852 961976 987 founded but Abd al Rahman in 796 with multiple expansions C Hypostyle Hall Great Mosque of Crodoba Spain 1 Columns look smaller and spade looks wider 2 Unlike the other mosques the Mosque of Cordoba uses locallymade bricks D Mithrab the Great Mosque of Cordoba Spain added by AlHakam II in 961976 Mihrab Great Mosque of Cordoba Spain adde by AlHakam II in 961976 E Dome in front of mithrab also goes up and has light from higher windows that reflect extra light