Week 2 - Medieval Spanish Art (Wednesday Lecture)
Week 2 - Medieval Spanish Art (Wednesday Lecture) Rel Std 100
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hazel Medina on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Rel Std 100 at University of California - Irvine taught by Betancourt, R. in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Medieval Spain in Religious Studies at University of California - Irvine.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Professor Bettancourt 10072015 Art HistoryReligious Studies Medieval Spain Week 2 Wednesday lecture Court Culture and Madinat alZahra I Last lecture Mosaics at the Great Mosque of Damascus lVlosaics at the Great Mosque of Damascus Damascus Syria 705 A Looked at representations of Christianity B Formal aspects like perspective 1 Discussed structure of the building such as the buildings and what they are 2 Inside vs outside what does the building at the forefront show The Umayyad qusur or Desert Palaces A Desert palace as ways to get away from busy city life B Surprisingly show a lot of secular art C Khirbat alMafjar Qasr Hisham near Jericho c 724 743 or 743746 1 Note the ingenuity of the building including baths that require waterways in the desert 2 Roman and medieval coming together to provide comfort for rich 3 Great feats of engineering to construct the palaces manpower as well as resources such as stone l quotquot 39 quotWWl Khirbet alMafjar Khirbat alMafjar near Jericho c 724 I i 743 01743746 Wmquot Qasr Hisham I rmldtnu day m 3 l 39 39 I l f T 7 Slablcs39l I Iquot Mosqch 39t rapt pm 6 bhasid house t Aquot L jog It 393901quot7 quot gt 39li quotVquot 4 Jr M 6 z t I z mm I1 39 quot 4 7 i 1 rm 2 4 quot 39 39 7 ll u 39 V North gale Audichcc A ml quot71 a ll 39 til l m ilinn 39 2 7211 l 1 FT 1391 I l Hit A 1 lc 939s Rquot a 8 i lrril hlrgnh gt c nscm Khirbat alMafjar Qasr Hisham near Jericho c 724 743 or 743746 A Notice condentives of inside a Desert Palace 1 Condentives involve putting an dome over another dome and what s left of the under dome make up the condentive look more squarish 2 Include many sort of seraphim in picture a Helps have light enter desert palace to shine on them to show them as heavenly figures Playing on idea of Atlas holding up the world as the figures hold the ceiling as well as dancers with how their legs are positions c They are quite 3D rather than low reliefs B The prohibition of icons in Islam at the time therefore the image of the palace is secular W e Khirbat alMafjar near Jericho c 724743 or 743746 C Image of lion eating gazelle in reception hall 1 Parallel aristocracy by how they would go hunting and had power 2 The image portrayed is somewhat erotic a Courtship as sort of a hunt b Idea of people entering the palace may or may not see idea of play and punishment if they understand the image of the lion vs gazelle note the irony c Gazelle looks in deep pleasure rather than in pain jq39 vx rm c it 7 Reception Hall Khirbat alMafjar near Jericho c 724743 or 743746 IV Architecture of the desert palace A Comparing church plans to the plan for the bath 1 Both play with dome on dome plan to look more spherical from within 2 Provides more space for people Bath Khirbat alMal39jar nearlericho c 724 743 0quot 743746 Myrelaion Church Constantinople Early 10 Century 3 Sculptures were always painted including those seen when entering bath a Most seemed quite realistic and powerful b Painting added a lot more depth to the bath B Inside the bath the floor mosaics were done geometrically 1 Looked very woven like carpet a Wanted to capture form of luxury through the tilework b Were done with lots of design 2 Other cues such as columns to show congregation of lots of people in a very social setting C Walls of Qasr Mshatta Winter Palace Jordan c 743744 lion and griffin detail 1 Example a lion and griffin relief on wall a This is an example of the drill work b Drills often use to show more intricacy 2 Lion and griffin drinking water as nice sentiment of oasis of the palace in the desert V Other bathhouses A Qasr Amra 705715 1 Dome with zodiacastronomical scenes which showed how they studied the sky 2 Fresco of bathing women Qasr Amra 705715 a Depicted people in leisurely activities b Depicted the kind of normal people but the nakedness would have surprised many other people in medieval times B Wall of Qasr Amra 705715 where people change 1 Example of this of man reclining a Note upper righthand corner of a word related to victory in Greek images often labeled notable figures through writing for clarity as to who the person is b Peacocks related to very exotic beautiful imperial status in their opalescence an I J39 H 4 l 39 39 i f all 1 39Vyv Iquot 39n l h i i V 7quot 39 I l 39 p Reclining Figure Qasr Amra 705715 c Note the reclining bed with the stool which shows more leisure to reduce effort to get on the bed where the reclining bed related to moments in social spaces d Imperial bodies look less leisurely such as scribelooking man on the right side possibly two women as part of his entourage e Seems very interactive with how it s like people coming to this palace are being noted through this picture 2 Image of the six kings and naked women a Shows scantilyclad woman bathing b Six kings presumably watching him c Note possibility of separation to the left of the women giving sense of spectatorship d Thin line of blue over the woman may reveal that it s possibly an insideoutside Romanstyle bathhouse lam u 01015300 I39 39 i quot39 K h o v we 1 y 39 quot1 5 4 out 113 V 39 LSx39 V c 7 P Fresco of Six Kings and Naked Woman Qasr Amra 705715 de of the kings with religious figures to the left of this image is the image of the reclining ruler giving a sense of interaction between the two and led people into specific chambers a The first emperor of the fresco at left is wearing colored robes over a tunic similar to EmperorJustinian on the right b Both have epaulets c Similarities reveal the far left king as also a Byzantine emperor y N Fl39CSCOI Q35quot Amm 705715 Byzantine Emperor Justinian and Attendants San Vitalc Ravcnna ltaly 532548 VI The Madinat alZahra Very impressive palatial complex A Garden architecture was very important 1 It s like show of wealth and the intellectual knowledge to be able to afford and maintain upkeep of the garden 2 Spaces in Spanish were referred to as in English quota looking thing because of views from turrets to see 1 3 5 quot 39lt quot w 51 v 39 a yamP 4 32 c h 39 K 1 39 200 3 00 m 1 00 l ladinat alZahra the Shining City near Cordoba Spain 935 39 940 and later additions B Also had hypostyle halls similar to those at Mosque of Cordoba 1 Decorated intricately with floral imagery which resonated with garden architecture 2 Resonate with visions of paradise Reception Hall Madinat alZahra the Shining City near Cordoba Spain 936 940 and later additions VII Luxury and Court Life A Ivory workshops produced things such as mancala game box Manqala Game Box of the Daughter of Abd alRahman III made at the Ivory workshop in the Madinat alZahra 961 Inscribed This is what was made for the Noble Daughter the daughter of Abd alRahnmn Commander of the Faithful B Also produced pyxis 1 Left has hunting scene 2 Right shows ruler with flask and flower another to keep flies away and another playing music for the ruler to depict their lifestyle Pyxis of alMughira made in the Madinat alZahra 968 39 39 quot 39i iint I m i t 3 e I w 3939 3914 o u Wwi v 0 l7 39 I a quot390quot E 39 39397 9 C Showed objects of messages as well as of beauty I yxis in the Hispanic Society of America Collection originally from 968 G l The sight offer is of the fairest V 39 1 the firm breast of a delicate A maiden Beauty has invested me with splendid raiment that makes a di5play ofjewels I am a receptacle for musk camphor and ambergris v 39 39 Ig ncA 3 3quot iquot
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