Chapter 6: Police and Enforcement Cont.
Chapter 6: Police and Enforcement Cont. Criminal Justice 101
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Criminal Justice 101
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Tipton on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Criminal Justice 101 at Ball State University taught by Jennifer Christman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Introduction to American Criminal Justice System in Criminal Justice at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Chapter 6 Police Of cers and Enforcement Operations Cont Minority Police Of cers 0 Now 40 of of cers in the nation39s largest cities are minorities diversity makes policing easier Policetocommunity composition connection Women in Police Work Court prohibited job assignment by gender Currently 12 of local police of cers are women Research shows that men and women perform similarly Women still face doubts judgements and harassment Few promoted to supervisory jobs Training 0 Most states require attendance at a police academy 0 Legal rules 0 Weapon use 0 Social skills Socialization 0 Learn beliefs and values of subculture 0 Success of the group The Police Subculture De nes the of cer39s world and each other s world 0 Four key issues in understanding police structure 1 Police quotworking personalityquot 2 Role of police morality 3 Isolation of the police 4 Stressful nature of police work Police Response and Action Reactive or quotincident drivenquot 0 Calls for service 0 30 involve criminal law enforcement 0 Most involve maintenance order and service 0 Investigative work is reactive Proactive strategies 0 Basic patrol o Surveillance and undercover work 0 Terrorism and homeland security Organizational Response 0 Factors that affect the response 0 Groups patrol vice investigation forensics etc 0 Communications technology centralizing command and control 0 Computers 0 911 systems How to measure productivity Precinct level accountability Crime rates rates of index offenses Clearance rates arrests Traf c and citations Stop and frisk interrogation Value of stolen goods recovered Dispute regulation and community call for services Delivery of Police Services 0 Line functions 0 Patrol investigation traffic vice juvenile etc 0 Staff functions 0 Supplement and support line functions 0 Chief39s of ce or service bureau Maintaining a balance between line and staff Patrol Functions 0 Three parts 1 Answering calls 2 Maintaining police presence 3 Probing suspicious circumstances 0 Citizen volunteers and auxiliary units 0 Questions about training and judgement Investigation Reactive in nature usually called in by patrol Carried out by detectives and federal agents 0 Ex Of special units 0 Homicide vice auto theft cold case gangs etc Investigative process depends on initial info and evidence what is known and what can be proven Patrol often investigates in place of or in support of detectives Apprehension Process 0 Crime detected 0 Usually called in 0 Preliminary investigation 0 First on the seen usually patrol o Crucial to successful outcome 0 Follow up investigation 0 Clearance and arrest Forensic Techniques 0 Analysis of blood DNA ngerprints soil bugs weapons hair semen textiles etc Helps prosecute Can establish innocence of those wrongly incarcerated Wide disparity in quality and access to labs and equipment across the nation Research and Investigation 0 Most crimes cleared by patrol Cases with moderate evidence are most promising to pursue Detective roll still important 0 Promotion incentive for patrol o Public39s perceptions and exceptions Special Operations 0 Larger cities may have organized crime gang drug units 0 Usually multiagency task force state federal and local 0 Traf c 0 Vice often undercover Drug aggressive patrol Issues in Patrolling Assignment based on crime statistics 911 calls urbanization community pressures ethnic and socioeconomic factors Preventative patrol 0 Kansas City Experiment nds police presence has little impact on crime of feelings of safety 0 Hot spots directed patrol focusing on crime ridden areas Rapid response time Foot v motorized patrol 1 person v 2 person patrol units Aggressive patrol O O O O Proactive Stings raids home invasions high risk etc quotBroken windowsquot theory Seizure of illegal rearms Zero tolerance practices
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