New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 6: Police and Enforcement Cont.

by: Savannah Tipton

Chapter 6: Police and Enforcement Cont. Criminal Justice 101

Marketplace > Ball State University > Criminal Justice > Criminal Justice 101 > Chapter 6 Police and Enforcement Cont
Savannah Tipton
GPA 3.9
Introduction to American Criminal Justice System
Jennifer Christman

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Covering the bulk of chapter 6 focused on varying forms of enforcement. Reactive versus proactive strategies of policing. In depth coverage of what patrol means in practical applications including ...
Introduction to American Criminal Justice System
Jennifer Christman
Class Notes
issues in policing, aggressive patrol, line function, foot patrol, broken windows theory, hot spots, proactive, reactive
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to American Criminal Justice System

Popular in Criminal Justice

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Tipton on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Criminal Justice 101 at Ball State University taught by Jennifer Christman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Introduction to American Criminal Justice System in Criminal Justice at Ball State University.

Similar to Criminal Justice 101 at BSU


Reviews for Chapter 6: Police and Enforcement Cont.


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/08/15
Chapter 6 Police Of cers and Enforcement Operations Cont Minority Police Of cers 0 Now 40 of of cers in the nation39s largest cities are minorities diversity makes policing easier Policetocommunity composition connection Women in Police Work Court prohibited job assignment by gender Currently 12 of local police of cers are women Research shows that men and women perform similarly Women still face doubts judgements and harassment Few promoted to supervisory jobs Training 0 Most states require attendance at a police academy 0 Legal rules 0 Weapon use 0 Social skills Socialization 0 Learn beliefs and values of subculture 0 Success of the group The Police Subculture De nes the of cer39s world and each other s world 0 Four key issues in understanding police structure 1 Police quotworking personalityquot 2 Role of police morality 3 Isolation of the police 4 Stressful nature of police work Police Response and Action Reactive or quotincident drivenquot 0 Calls for service 0 30 involve criminal law enforcement 0 Most involve maintenance order and service 0 Investigative work is reactive Proactive strategies 0 Basic patrol o Surveillance and undercover work 0 Terrorism and homeland security Organizational Response 0 Factors that affect the response 0 Groups patrol vice investigation forensics etc 0 Communications technology centralizing command and control 0 Computers 0 911 systems How to measure productivity Precinct level accountability Crime rates rates of index offenses Clearance rates arrests Traf c and citations Stop and frisk interrogation Value of stolen goods recovered Dispute regulation and community call for services Delivery of Police Services 0 Line functions 0 Patrol investigation traffic vice juvenile etc 0 Staff functions 0 Supplement and support line functions 0 Chief39s of ce or service bureau Maintaining a balance between line and staff Patrol Functions 0 Three parts 1 Answering calls 2 Maintaining police presence 3 Probing suspicious circumstances 0 Citizen volunteers and auxiliary units 0 Questions about training and judgement Investigation Reactive in nature usually called in by patrol Carried out by detectives and federal agents 0 Ex Of special units 0 Homicide vice auto theft cold case gangs etc Investigative process depends on initial info and evidence what is known and what can be proven Patrol often investigates in place of or in support of detectives Apprehension Process 0 Crime detected 0 Usually called in 0 Preliminary investigation 0 First on the seen usually patrol o Crucial to successful outcome 0 Follow up investigation 0 Clearance and arrest Forensic Techniques 0 Analysis of blood DNA ngerprints soil bugs weapons hair semen textiles etc Helps prosecute Can establish innocence of those wrongly incarcerated Wide disparity in quality and access to labs and equipment across the nation Research and Investigation 0 Most crimes cleared by patrol Cases with moderate evidence are most promising to pursue Detective roll still important 0 Promotion incentive for patrol o Public39s perceptions and exceptions Special Operations 0 Larger cities may have organized crime gang drug units 0 Usually multiagency task force state federal and local 0 Traf c 0 Vice often undercover Drug aggressive patrol Issues in Patrolling Assignment based on crime statistics 911 calls urbanization community pressures ethnic and socioeconomic factors Preventative patrol 0 Kansas City Experiment nds police presence has little impact on crime of feelings of safety 0 Hot spots directed patrol focusing on crime ridden areas Rapid response time Foot v motorized patrol 1 person v 2 person patrol units Aggressive patrol O O O O Proactive Stings raids home invasions high risk etc quotBroken windowsquot theory Seizure of illegal rearms Zero tolerance practices


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.