Week 5 Lecture Notes - Lifespan Development
Week 5 Lecture Notes - Lifespan Development PSY 09218
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jasmine Haynes on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 09218 at Rowan University taught by Robert B. Haynes in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Lifespan Development in Psychlogy at Rowan University.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Lifespan development week 5 0 Attachment 0 O 0 An enduring social relationship John Bowlby believed that children who form an attachment to an adult are more likely to survive Strong emotional relationship with a caring and responsible person 0 Erikson said attachment in childhood is also attachment in childhood 0 O 0 By 6 or 7 Months the infants had identified the attachment figure An infant with play independently but look back at the attachment figure for reassurance After infants identify their attachment figure they are better There are differences in play between fatherbaby and motherbaby Fathers Play rougher The single most important factor in fostering a secure attached relationship is responding consistently and appropriately If the child does something that is wrong today that same thing the child did has to be wrong tomorrow Consistency is key 0 Mary Ainsworth Types of attachment 1978 O O O 0 Secure May or may not cry when mom leaves Comfort at mom return Avoidant Not upset when mom leaves looks away when mom returns Resistant infant upset when mom leaves infant upset when mom returns Hard to console Disorganized infant is confused when mom leaves and returns Not really sure what is going on and is passed around often 0 Erikson Believed that this relationship infantparent lays the foundation for all future social relationships 0 What Determines Quality of Attachment 0 O O O 0 Secure attachment comes when a parent responds predictably and appropriately Parent are dependable caring babies develop trust Secure attachment comes when parents are sensitive Babies with difficult temperaments are less likely to form secure attachment and are more abused and confused Babies who fuss often are hard to console and are less likely to for strong attachment These babies need patient parents to deal with them 0 Emotions O 0 Complex emotion Guilt Embarrassment pride I Tying shoes spilling milk completing a puzzle 39 Usually emerge around 1824 months I Characterized by a selfevaluated component Prosocial Behavior any behavior that benefits another person Cooperation O Altruism Behavior that is driven by a feeling of responsibility towards other sharing helping others 0 A child doesn t benefit from these behaviors giving half of their lunch to a classmate O Empathy Actually experiencing another s feelings Intelligence Problem solving skills and the ability to adapt to and learn from life s everyday experiences I Individual Intelligence test 0 The Binet test I Alfred Binet Developed the first intelligence test for children in 1904 in France I Used to identify children who were mentally ill I 30 Questions for each test I 4th Edition test teamed up with Stanford Binet Age 2 Adult I The test consisted of the following I Verbal Reasoning ability to form sentences using vocabulary I Quantitate reasoning I Abstract visuals I Short term memory I Some responses were verbal some were non verbal 0 William Stern Developed the concept of an IQ in 1912 I David Wechsler Developed the Wechsler Scales I He was the chief psychologist at New York s Bellevue Hospital I Also developed the first intelligence test for adults 0 Robert Stemberg I Sternberg triarchic theory 1986 2000 I Analytic Intelligence ability to analyze judge evaluate compare and contrast Book smart I Creative Intelligence ability to create design invent originate and imagine Artistic Musical Writer I Practical Intelligence Ability to use Apply Implement and put into practice Streetsmart 0 Howard Gardner I Eight Frames of mind or intelligences Skills I Verbal Ability to think in words and use language to express meaning authors speakers journalists I Mathematical Ability to carry out math operations Engineers Accountants I Spatial Ability to think 3 dimensionally Architects Artist I Bodily Kinesthetic Ability to manipulate objects Surgeons dancers Athletes 0 Musical Sensitivity to pitch Melody Rhythm musicians 0 Intrapersonal Ability to understand oneself and direct one s life 0 Interpersonal the ability to understand and interact With others teachers I Naturalists Ability to observer patterns in nature farmers landscapers 0 Emotional intelligence Goleman 1995 0 Developing emotional awareness ability to separate feeling from actions 0 Managing emotions being able to control your feelings 0 Reading emotions taking the perspective of others 0 Handling relationship ability to solve relationship problems I Controversies and issues in intelligence 0 Nature vs nurture 0 Nature I Nature genetic markers for intelligence I Most important in uence on a child s development is biological in heritance O Nurture I Positive effects of early intervention I Increasing scores on IQ tests I Effects of schooling on intelligence I Reciprocal effects of schooling and intelligence I Most important in uences a child s development is environmental experiences 0 ADHD 0 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder I More boys than girls I Characteristics Inattention Hyperactivity Impulsivity O Occurrences I 35 of the school population I 49 times more boys than girls I Decreases in 13 of adolescence s I Cause have not been found but is believed to be genetic O Intervention I 8590 are on medication I Behavioral management 0 Intelligence VS Creativity 0 Intelligence is associated With convergent thinking using information to determine a standard answer 0 Creativity is associated With divergent thinking not a single correct answer but novel and unique
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