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Exam 2 Flashcards

by: tess2019

Exam 2 Flashcards 40763 - BMS 110 - B

GPA 4.0
Introduction to the Biomedical Sciences
Ivy J Fitzgerald

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About this Document

A list of all the vocabulary terms you need to know for Exam 2!
Introduction to the Biomedical Sciences
Ivy J Fitzgerald
Class Notes
flashcards, Exam 2, bms 110, cell division, Mitosis, Meiosis, Cell Biology, organelles, cell transport, active diffusion, passive diffusion, facilitated diffusion, Cellular Respiration, glycolysis, citric acid cycle, krebs cycle, electron transport chain
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by tess2019 on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 40763 - BMS 110 - B at Missouri State University taught by Ivy J Fitzgerald in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introduction to the Biomedical Sciences in Biomedical Sciences at Missouri State University.


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Date Created: 10/08/15
20 21 22 23 24 Quizlet actin active transport allele anaphase antiporter ATPase ATP synthase autosomal autoso mes Barr body cell cycle cellular respiration centriole centromere centrosome channel protein chiasma chimera chromatin chromosomes cilia cisterna citric acid cycle cleavage fu rrow codominance Study online at quizlet comllazu5 protein that makes up microfilaments cellular transport that req u ires energy good for going against the gradient different forms of a gene phase of cellular division in which sister ch romatids are split and become independent chromosomes protein that transports two types of solutes in different direction across the cell membrane the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of ATP not sexlinked ch romosome pairs 122 control traits that do not relate to the gender ofan individual inactive ch romosome the quotlifespanquot ofa cell process by which cells use oxygen and sugar to make ATP microtu b u le origin region of D NA on ch romosome where microtu bu les attach centriole and surrounding proteins aqueous pore across the plasma membrane allows specific molecules to pass th rough point of crossover principle of genetics in which two fraternal zygotes fuse creating genes of essentially two different people in one body slightly condensed DNA packed around proteins found in this state during interphase densely packed DNA used to hold DNA together during mitosis or meiosis small hairlike appendages that allow the cell to move a flattened sac in the Golgi body the step in cellular respiration in which pyruvate and coenzyme A form acetylCoA takes place in matrix of mitochondria indention that occu rs d ue to microfilaments that pull the plasma membrane inward all around the cell to pinch the cell in two principle ofgenetics in which both alleles on both ch romosomes are expressed Exam 2 Microbiology 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 cristae cytokinesis cytoplasm cytosol deletion diffusion diploid dominant allele duplication electron transport chain endocytosis epistasis eukaryote exo cyto sis facilitated diffusion ageHa G1 phase G2 phase gamete gametogenesis folds ofthe inner membrane ofthe mitochondria division of the cytoplasm begins toward end of anaphase and continues concurrently with telophase thejelIylike liquid inside a cell includes organelles thejelIylike liquid inside a cell doesn39t include organelles chromosome mutation that results in loss of a portion of a chromosome type of cellular transport in which no energy is expended goes from high concentration to low concentration pass th rough plasma membrane unaided good for small molecules regard less of polarity cell that contains the full number of chromosomes 46 in human cells an allele that only needs one copy to display phenotype chromosome mutation in which a portion of a chromosome the step in cellular respiration in which energy of moving electrons is used to move H ions from matrix to inner membrane space in order to prod uce ATP the process by which a cell ingests su bstances principle of genetics in which the expression of one gene is controlled by another gene cell with a nucleus the process by which a cell secretes su bstances type of cellular transport in which no energy is expended uses transport proteins to move solutes across membrane good for ionic or large molecules long wh iplike appendages that allow the cell to move first phase of interphase where the cell grows third phase of interphase in which the cell grows haploid cell for fusion with a from the opposite sex d u ring rep rod uction the process of forming a gamete 45 46 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 gene genotype glycolysis glycosylated proteins Golgi apparatus haploid hemizygous heterozygous histones homologous chromosomes homologous recombination homozygous incomplete penetrance independent assortment intermediate bers intermembrane space interphase inversion kinetochore linked genes lumen lysosome matrix segment of DNA in a chromosome that encodes a protein genetic makeup ofan individual the step in cellular respiration in which sugar is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate occurs in cytosol proteins that have had sugars attached to them a series of flattened sacs that is responsible for the packaging and sending of proteins cell that contains halfthe number of chromosomes 23 in human cells containing only one allele for a gene containstwo differentalleles the protein complexes that hold chromatin an d ch romosomes togeth er pairs of ch romosomes that contain the same genes one from mom one from dad quotcrossin g overquot portions of ch romosomes are swapped with homologous regions from different ch romosome contains two of the same alleles principle of genetics in which individuals with the same genotype may vary in how strongly the phenotype shows up eg lifestyle etc alleles for different traits separate into haploid genes independently of other genes part of the cytoskeleton that allows the cell to bend without breaking portion of the mitochondria between the outer membrane and the inner membrane part ofa cell39s lifespan where it is at rest and notdividing chromosome mutation in which a portion of a chromosome gets flipped around protein complex at centromere where microtu bu les attach genes that are likely to be passed on together due to proximity on chromosome the interior pathway of the endoplasmic reticulum a vesicle filled with digestive enzymes responsible for breaking down wastes within a cell the space inside of the mitochondria39s inner membrane 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 meiosis metaphase metaphase plate micro laments microtubules missense mutation mitochondria mitosis monosomy mosaic multigenic nondisjunction nonMendelian genetics nonsense mutation nuclear envelope nuclear pore nucleolus nucleus oocyte oogenesis organelle pedigree cell division that produces four different haploid cells phase of cellular division in which duplicated chromosomes line up at center ofceH center of cell where d u plicated chromosomes line up during cellular division part of the cytoskeleton responsible for cell locomotion plays a role in muscle contraction part of the cytoskeleton that is composed of dimers of tu bu lin lines ch romosomes u p during cell division core of cilia and flagella gene mutation in which nucleotide codon is changed so it encodes a different amino acid the organelle responsible for the p rod u ction of ATP cell division that prod uces two identical diploid daughter cells one copy of a ch romosome principle ofgenetics in which an individual has more than one genotype principle ofgenetics in which the phenotype is controlled by multiple loci the failu re of ch romosomes to d isjoin normally d u ring meiosis causes genome mutations inheritance doesn39t follow Mendel39s law of independent assortment or of dominance gene mutation in which nucleotide in codon is changed so it doesn39t encode any amino acid eg stop cod on the double bilayer membrane that surroundsthe nucleus small holes in the nuclear envelope that allows rRNA to leave the nucleus dense center ofthe nucleus where rRNA is transcribed the quotbrainquot ofthe cell contains all ofthe DNA for the cell female gamete also called egg formation of female eggs a membranebound structure that carries out a specific function in a cell a quotfamily treequot that shows the in heritance of a certain allele 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 peroxisome phagocytosis phenotype pinocytosis plasma membrane polygenic traits pro karyote prometaphase prophase pyruvate receptor mediated endocytosis recessive allele rough endoplasmic reticulum sex chromosomes sexlinked silent mutation sister chromatids smooth endoplasmic reticulum spermatogenesis spermatozoo n a vesicle filled with hydrogen peroxide responsible for breaking down toxins within a cell cellular quoteatingquot how a cell takes in solid quotfoodquot physical characteristics of an ind ivid ual cellular quotdrinkingquot how a cell takes in liquids a jellylike coating of a cell composed of a phospholipid bilayer phenotype controlled by more than one gene cell without a n ucleus stage of cellular division in which nuclear envelope breaks down and disappears kin etoch ores form at centromeres on sister ch romatid s microtu bu les attach to kin etoch ores in meiosis crossing over happens during this phase nuclear envelope breaks down ch romatin condenses to form ch romosomes centrosomes move to opposite poles microtu bu les form half ofa glucose molecule that has been split in two comes as a process of glycolysis the process by which a cell ingests a su bstance when it triggers its own specific receptor in the cell membrane an allele that needs two copy to display phenotype part of endoplasmic reticu u m where proteins are made pair of ch romosomes that contains the genes for controlling gender ofan individual on ch romosome X or Y gene mutation in which nucleotide cod on is changed but codon still encodes the same amino acid pieces of identical D NA that line u p together d u ring cell division the part of the endoplasmic reticulum that is responsible for the synthesis of lipids formation of sperm cells male gamete also called sperm 110 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 S phase symporter synapsis telophase translocation transport proteins carrier proteins triso my Triso my 13 Patau Syndrome Trisomy 18 Edwards Syndrome trisomy 21 Down Syndrome tubuhn uniporter universal donor universal recipient vesicles Xlinked Xlinked dominant Xl i n ked recessive Ylinked second phase ofinterphase in which the cell replicates its DNA to prepare for division protein that transports two types of solutes in one direction across the cell membrane the part of prophasel in which homologous ch romosomes pair phase of cellular division in which ch romosomes u n pack from th e ch romosome state to looser ch romatin stru ctu re n u clear envelope reforms chromosome mutation that results in the movement of a portion of one ch romosome onto another ch romosome works like a teetertotter allows su bstances to cross the cell membrane only bind to specific solutes th ree copies of a ch romosome genome mutation that results in severe intellectual disabilities and physical abnormalities usually lethal days to weeks after birth 510 live longer than one year genome mutation that results in severe intellectual disabilities and physical abnormalities usually results in a miscarriage after 1 month 5 10 live longer than one year genome mutation that results in mild to moderate mental retardation potential physiological defects heart intestines etc life expectancy in the 505 the protein that makes up microtubules protein that transports a single type of solute one direction across the cell membrane 0 negative blood can give blood to anyone AB positive blood can receive blood from anyone small membrane bound spheres that transport things throughout the cell either males or females can be affected affected men have affected daughters and unaffected sons affected women have 50 affected children men are affected much more frequently than women affected men have carrier daughters that have 50 affected sons all men along the male lineage are affected no women are affected


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