GEO 135 - Week 8 Notes
GEO 135 - Week 8 Notes GEO 135
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shannon Surell on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEO 135 at Illinois State University taught by David Johnson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Education and Teacher Studies at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
David Johnson Geography 135 Week 8 Notes Israel Two largest problems 1 Largely a tribal society at upper socioeconomic areas 2 Split with Islam in 7th century into many different groups but primarily between Sunni and Shi a 9 who is going to be Kalif Rasul Al lah 3 Nearly everyone in the middle east hates Israel because they are the single uniting factor of the Middle East History of Israel 0 Holocaust o Nazi s were the only people who recognized people called the Aryan s o 1200 BC 9 Jews who left Israel and came up in Palestine at the same time there is an inflow of people from the Mediterranean Sea Sea People s Called the Palestinians Roman Empire occupied the known world of the time period 0 They occupied Israel at the time they did not like this because they were very independent and then they revolted in 70 AD unsuccessful 0 They put into place the Diaspora means they took the Jews and spread them out through the Empire 0 The Jewish Lobby was formed in the 19th century but didn t amount to anything The people started migrating to Palestine and this created problems Palestine was being run by a United Nations mandate at the time From 1946 2009 Palestine lost almost all of their land to Israel UN intended to split Palestine into much more land with Jews Israel After Britain left Israel then declared itself a state There was a war Israel won and then was able to create stricter boundanes War in 1967 o Resulted in the taking of the Golan Heights in the North 0 Diminished the Palestinian areas in the west bank War in 1973 o Looked like Israel was going to go down the tubes and it looked like it was going to be a nuclear war Biggest number of refugees in Jordan Jews want the right to return so they can go back and establish their own Palestinian state OOOOOO Iraq Two reasons there is no solution between Palestinians and Jews 0 Twostate solution most Palestinians live under Palestinian rule and most of Jews live in their territory under Jewish ruling 0 Right of Return Palestinians want to be able to go back to where their ancestral home used to be and to take over their state again One of the most populous nations in the Middle East It is a state Palestinians are a good example no one recognizes them as a state Iraq does have a government and has civic functions but it is not a nation because the people there have many different backgrounds and wish they were not together 0 The Ottoman Empire died after the first world war and the League of Nations then set of mandates and divided up the Middle East Those South of the line they set up were under British control Iraq was included Britain wanted to make Iraq into a monarchy because that was what they did best The lines that were drawn to make Iraq were strictly for administrative reasons not to put people of like ideas together Shi a Arab s areas have a 60 majority in Iraq majority of country Sunni Arab s area 20 Kurdish area Not Arabs 20 They migrated from the northeast originally Christian Sunni Muslims they want to become their own country Kurdistan stan means land of most peaceful area of Iraq Soldiers of ISIS Crafted out of the Ottoman Empire In the French Domain Tried to establish a republic Almost all Muslim Sunni Muslims doesn t mean the Sunni s get to run the show Alowites mostly Shi a but also nominally not Shi a Shi a are very secretive and have a syncretic aspect to them 0 Believe in similar ideas as All Syrian government Assad regime Then there is people who want to over throw the antiAsad regime There is a 3rel group ISIS that wants to kill both groups Drews were another important group in Syria 0 They had their own militia 0 They are Gnostics dualistic belief that there is religious knowledge that is not shared with everyone but you kind of just have to be in the know their concept of god is that of Christians or Jews but under that God there is a Creator God who made Heaven and Hell 0 Deification of Ali Deification to make a deity right of o Esoteric Qur an Esoteric means something that is only known to a few This means there is a hidden message in the Qur an Jordan Established by the League of Nations Have a westernized form of government Majority Sunni Role of women is unusually advanced Usually doesn t get involved in the middle east Right next to Israel September 1970 Palestinians in Jordan tried to get together and revolt against Jordan and form their own nation to fight against Israel so they could go home Black September responsible for terrorist activities around the world happened due to the revolt Lebanon Caught in the middle Religiously split three ways Sunni Shi a and Christian Has a reputation as a peaceful country Known as the Switzerland of the Middle East Known as the monetary capital of the Middle East A group of Palestinian refugees has a group in Lebanon Hedsbola Right next to Syria Saudi Arabi Wahhabi Sunni Muslims religion Very strict rules for women Kuwait Larger religious division primarily Muslim but also Sunni Shi a etc People go there to work in the oil industry Bahrain Women can vote there which is unusual Shi a Muslims dominate Catar One of the major financial sources on the Persian Gulf Mostly Muslim and mostly Sunni Yemen Oil resources there are running out There are two groups that are fighting for control Oman Used to be two separate countries They have so many theological beliefs lran Where Kurdistan would be TEST ON TUESDAY OCTOBER 13 2015
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