Chapter 5 Cont. and Beginning of Chapter 6
Chapter 5 Cont. and Beginning of Chapter 6 PSY 1113
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Almond on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1113 at University of Oklahoma taught by Jenel Cavazos in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Elements of Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Chapter 5 Cont Dreams Unconscious with fulfillment Freud dreams represent unconscious wishes hold symbolic meaning 0 Latent content disguised meaning of dreams what you really want Manifest content overt story line of dreams what you actually see and remember Are Dreams always symbolic Dreams about events around us Cognitive Theory Dreams are subconscious cognitive processing 0 Using memory information processing thinking 0 Dreams aren t just symbols but dramatizations of real life Activation synthesis theory random electrical energy stimulates random memories 0 The brain makes sense of memories by building a potentially meaningful story Nightmares negative scary dreams 0 Provides a trial run for handling emergencies Drugs Psychoactive Drugs drugs that in uence a person s emotions perceptions and behaviors Tolerance the need to take more of a drug to achieve the same effect Drugs can result in dependence addiction 0 Physical dependence sweating anything on the outside of the body 0 Psychological dependence things that are mental like mood changes cravings Why Drugs Drugs activate the reward pathways in the limbic area of the brain producing powerful feelings of pleasure Almost all drugs act on dopamine receptors Strong drive to repeat behavior because it feels good and want to repeat things that feel good to us re wiring the brain that is associated with drugs and positive feeling Activation of the limbic system is evolutionarily powerful and overrides frontal lobe control Depressants slow down the nervous system drugs that work by slowing down the nervous system Alcohol is the most common Alcohol initially feels more like a stimulant but acts as a depressant as more is consumed o Intoxication euphoria decreased muscle control loss of consciousness o Instability poor judgment acts of aggression memory impairment 0 Alcohol poisoning and death Inhibitors live in frontal lobes it goes to sleep when you are drinking Increase inhibitions caring less about things When drinking we don t care about being responsible The parietal lobe controls our ability to talk and s that s why we have slurred speech while we are drinking Alcohol and aggression 60 of homicides have something to do with alcohol 65 of sexually aggressive acts of women Alcoholism Physical and psychological addiction two factors genes and tolerance More alcohol needed for effects 0 Possibly genetic self medication Stimulants drugs that affect the nervous system by causing a rise in blood pressure heart rate and muscular tension Caffeine is most common Increased attentiveness decreased reaction time headachesphysical dependence and depression from withdrawal thinking you need it when you first wake up in the morningpsychological Nicotine works by raising dopamine level sin the brain Tolerance develops highly addictive Amphetamines stimulants used to boost energy stay awake or lose weight 0 Increases release of dopamine diet pills meth Ritalin Cocaine amphetamine that blocks reuptake of dopamine Hallucinogens Drugs that are capable of producing hallucinations 0 Changes the perceptual process Marijuana classification is controversial Not physically addictive Many changes in brain chemistry Potential lung damage Decreases testosterone production Chapter 6 Learning a relatively permanent change in behavior that is brought about by experience 0 Not due to nature getting taller 0 Not due to short term new shoes theory of learning that focuses exclusively on observable behaviors 2 Main Types of learning 0 making a connection or association between two events 0 Coming to class to get a good grade 0 learning that takes place through the observation and imitation of another s behaviors 0 When you watch someone else learn something 3 main pathways 0 Stimulus some thing that occurs to get the thing rolling 0 Ex Alarm clock 0 Response occurs in response to a stimulus 0 EX Turn off alarm clock and keep sleeping or turn off alarm and get up 0 Consequence good thing or bad thing 0 EX Miss class miss info but catch up on sleep a type of learning when you have a neutral stimulus comes to bring about a response after is it paired with a stimulus that naturally brings about that response 0 EX Altoids 0 EX Pavlov s dogs 0 EX Big Bang theory chocolates Ivan Pavlov Pavlov s Dogs 0 Scientist who studied digestion by measuring the saliva of dogs 0 Discovered that dogs predicted the arrival of food led to salvation Pavlov s Experiment 0 Attached tube to dogs salivary gland 0 Rang a bell then presented food repeated pairings 0 Dogs soon began to salivated when bell rang even when food wasn t presented a stimulus that before conditioning does not naturally bring about the response of interest 0 Bell a stimulus that brings about a response without having being learned 0 Dog food a natural innate response that is not associated with previous learning 0 Dog drool a NS that have been paired with a UCS to bring about a response formerly caused only by the UCS 0 Bell Conditioned response a response that after conditioning follows a preciously neutral stimulus Before CSconditioned stimulus 0 Neutral stimulus 0 No emotional meaning 0 No response 0 US unconditioned stimulus 0 Trigger for hardwired emotions related to survival 0 Re ex salivation During CS US re ex of respondent behavior After Antecedenttrigger bell conditioned response drooling Ex Gavin going fishing and being extremely sick on the boat The boat is the conditioned response and the neutral response Ex Irina s dog loves to go for walks and she always put a leash on him when they go out The dog used to wag his tail as soon as they got outside but now he wags his tail as soon as he sees the leash What is the unconditioned stimulus Unconditioned stimulus going for a walk Neutral and conditioned stimulus leash Storv of Little Albert 0 John B Watson conditioned a small boy to be afraid of white rats 0 Unconditioned stimulus loud noises 0 Fear generalized to other white furry objects 0 Albert s fear was never fixed extinction 0 Experiment is often criticized for being unethical 0 Conditioning can create phobias Conditioning in the Media 0 Advertising Campaigns 0 Pairing a product with something desirable increases our chances of buying that product 0 Ex BMW ad associated with sex gecko with car insurance Find 2 ads that are related to classical conditioning to sell their product and identify all variables and why what would you do if you wanted to unconditioned it Ex Go Daddy 0 Neutral stimulus website go daddy 0 Unconditioned stimulus the girl 0 Unconditioned response attraction to the girl 0 Conditioned stimulus go daddy 0 Conditioned response liking go daddy Ex Gatorade 0 Neutral stimulus Gatorade 0 Unconditioned stimulus Hope Solo the athlete catching the ball 0 Unconditioned response wanting to be like her 0 Conditioned stimulus Gatorade EX Conditioned response I like Gatorade Neutral stimulus Coke Cola Unconditioned stimulus cute polar bears Unconditioned response liking the bears awhhh Conditioned stimulus Coke Cola Conditioned response I like coke cola
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