Week of Notes 7
Week of Notes 7 403-2B
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dora Notetaker on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 403-2B at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Nikolaos Zahariadis in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see International Relations Seminar in Public Relations at University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
PSC 403 Seminar in International Studies Dr Zahariadis Notes Set 7 Week of Oct 5 Tue Oct 6 We took our midterm this day Thurs Oct 8 The Eur0pean Parliament Formation of the EP 0 After creating the Council the EU European Communities at the time needed more legitimacy so it came up with an assembly which will be elected by voters 0 Because Council does not directly appeal to voters they needed more legitimacy They came up with 3 assemblies communities 0 ESCS ECC amp Euratom 0 These communities were made up of different people 0 So they had to duplicate resources which is ineffective 1960 s They combined them 0 Created a single assembly European Parliament 0 It meets in Strasbourg 0 Since 1979 members of the European Parliament MEP s have been directly elected by voters 0 Anyone can vote in national elections can vote for MEP s Different Electoral Systems 0 Single members districts 0 1 winner from 1 district 0 The point here is to finish first in the elections 0 These candidates need to appeal to the majority of people in the middle of the ideological curve 80 these messages tend to be watered down Single member districts appear in 2 party systems like the US because there is no room for more parties 0 Multiple member districts 0 There are multiple winners 0 Point is not to finish first 0 These candidates don t need to be in the middle of the road 0 They need as much voter turnout as possible 0 They don t water down their message because the more they move to the center the more they alienate their core voters 0 So these people tend to be more ideologically radical Drawbacks of each 0 Single member districts 0 A huge minority will not be represented 0 Multiple members district 0 Better representation but more parties mean a more fragmented legislature Decision rule can be c Plurality The person with the most votes wins 0 So these people need the most turnout o Majority A person needs more than 50 of the votes to win 0 They need to appeal to most amount of voters Multiple member district systems created proportional representation 0 This means that the number of seats in the legislature is proportional to the votes 0 So 20 of votes becomes 20 of seats in the legislature 0 But that would mean a way too fractured legislature so they solved this by instituting thresholds to get into parliament 0 Which means a party needs a certain percentage of national not district votes to get into parliament 0 Different countries have different thresholds I 10 in Turkey I 5 in Germany 0 So Europe had a mosaic of different representations European Parliament districts are different from national districts 0 Because bigger countries had bigger districts than smaller countries for national elections 0 So they decided to standardize them MEP s Members of the European Parliament 0 751 total MEP s o Districts changed in the EU as enlargement happened 0 Number of MEP s are based on population so larger countries will have more MEP s MEP s represent their own parties in the EP 0 They tend to congregate based on their political parties 0 These are called federations of parties 0 For example Christian Democrats from different countries have their federation called the EPP 0 You have to petition these federations to become a part of them 0 It s basically a marriage of convenience so they ll have more power as a group The EP meets 12 timesyear in Strasbourg 0 And sometimes in Brussels There is a lot of corruption in the EP 0 Because they require so much money just to do theirjobs 0 They need air travel lodging etc National governments have more power than the EP 0 because they make all the important decisions 0 MEP s are sent to Strasbourg as reward for their loyalty to the party to enjoy the things that come with being an MEP 0 But people who want to make a name for themselves will usually go home to be part of their national governments