HistoryNotes2-Copy.pdf HIST 1311-010
Popular in US history to 1865
Popular in History
This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Valeria Quintana on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311-010 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Prof. Stephanie Cole in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 266 views. For similar materials see US history to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
October 1 2015 The revolution transformed the politics of America At the beginning they thought they were conservative and England were the ones they were turning more modern The Revolution and the rise of liberal government experience of revolution of expanded ideas about who should have power At the start of the Revolution 0 In the 18th century the word liberal rights of the individual Question deference to social betters 0 Conservative respect and hold on to tradition the past They thought there was a point to breeding and aristocracy to preserve order in the government How did changing context shape US government between 1770 and 1790 The time people are living in shapes the context in which they view things 0 As the revolution progressed they changed 0 New attitudes developed from o Hardships of war the winter was very hard and the rich send people to replace them in war in exchange for money I Many people from all the colonies made sacrifices and it created a sense of community Ordinary soldiers were important to the war effort I Local colonial government developed committees of correspondence began to form 0 Committees of correspondence they would write to each other and coordinate and eventually set up a gov I Ex Concord 0 Before deference 0 During Upheaval o The poor fight the war 0 Many refugees went to concord I Authority changed in families and government 0 Now PUBLIC SERVANTS 0 Now elected officials had to listen and serve the public 0 Fathers were not as controlling of their sons and let them be more independent Expectations of partiorical society broke down 0 Beginning of the END of deference 0 Massachusetts Constitution when they wrote it the people had to ratify it also 0 Expressed the notion of community government In order to be a voter a man had to be a labor owner because they thought they were more independent 0 New roles for Woman elites propaganda o Mercy Otis Warren well educated write propaganda plays supported the patriot side and wrote the first history of the American Revolution 0 Many others 0 Boycotts many women didn t buy products from Britain I The daughters of Liberty they stayed home and kept the economy 0 Men s work 0 Working class women I Followed husbands to cook or as healers laundresses or prostitution 0 Molly Pitcher manned the cannon during the battle 0 Dependents does not equal citizens that s the argument that was used to not be able to vote 0 Women would be the servants of their husbands 0 Republican Motherhood critical for the republic because they would raise daughters and sons of the future republic o The limit comes from the social world that was there at the time I So if the women were going to raise educated sons they had to BE themselves educated Had a more broad education Once that happened the future children would be more independent 0 Slavery challenged but African American citizenship limited 0 Changes war service Quakers Enlightenment o 5000 African Americans were part of the revolutionary army I Quakers supported the they could NOT hold slaves I Enlightenment questioned if it was MORAL to keep a person for life 0 1777 Massachusetts petition to natural and inalienable right that every man has the right to be free 0 1780 Massachusetts freed their slaves o 1804 all northern states abolished slavery I In south some emancipation 0 Treatment of race slavery in Constitution PostRevolution Government 0 More access for citizens and NEW PROBLEMS at State Level 0 Too many factions 0 Couldn t protect economies with tariffs 0 Nationality Articles of confederation LIMITED 0 Destabilized currency 0 US markets ooded with Britain and French goods 0 The national government didn t have the right to tax and the continental money wasn t worth much States tried to pass import taxes and the states and economy was fallen together 0 They went from in ation to depression I Annual elections weren t working Couldn t plan or coordinate to get anything done VIDEO CLIP ARE WE TOO BE A NATION 0 What are the main problems leading to const convention Confederation as a government was decentralized and weak 1770 s 1780 s Context events that Hardships of war After Shay s Rebellion the happened that shaped ideas Committees of Articles of Confederation of who should have power correspondence proved to fail Had the Articles of Constitution was adopted Outcome nature of government who had the power what sort of government As the independence out folded the Articles of Confederation were put in place it was a federalist gov with state governments at the power and the people The Constitution was crafted and a more centralized government was created with more power The people who elected the Senators Representatives of features in both government that had the wishes of the people in place so they placed the power in the states had the final say the House and President would have the power Common government The people wanted a This government also wanted the wellfare of the people however here they used a centralized federal gov to stabilize the country October 6 2015 In the 18th century the term liberal meant was valuing the rights of the individual and limiting the size of the government 0 The Articles of Confederation was a really liberal government and they setup this government because they hated the king 0 No uniform currency 0 Weak central government 0 States were the source of government and they decided In Shay s Rebellion 7186 the bankers and farmers were at war with each other because of the economic turmoil 0 The farmers use their majority and secondarily the legislature to get their way 0 This causes bankers to get angry with the result and they say is that they end up with a tyranny of the majority 0 George Washington and others then tried to create this 0 Jefferson than proposed that these rebellion periods of disruptions were normal and that they should not overreact This causes the I Constitutional Convention 0 Constitutional Convention I Who was there Lawyers plantation owners merchants businessmen want stable economy and bankers 0 They want a government that needs to check the many and few a balanced state 0 Ask who should have more power federal vs state 0 The people who were there they create a new government with 3 branches of government conservative is old elite system liberal is rights for individual I The senate is elected every state and these are people who tend to be rich and have name recognition I Create a strong executive and the person elected must have a lot of name recognition I House representative have a more broad selection of people 0 Topic conservative concerns prevailed 0 Madison factions neutralized others and better sort will govern and create great compromise o No one faction will gain control 0 The constitution is a historical documents made of compromises that would accommodate all the colonies Video 0 They feared government control of the people 0 The sovereignty does not rest with the people not in federal or state government 0 Madison argued that the US system would be new and that it would be improved 0 1788 the Constitution needs to be ratified by the States however it would be an uphill battle END Most people fear the constitution and the federalist argue that tyranny would not bring tyranny o The constitution was a liberal document at the time o Antifederalist were stuck with the anti and had trouble deciding what they were for 1770 s declaration of independence 1780 s constitution of the US 0 How do relative conservativeliberal nature of the time re ect the ideals of the time o The people thought of the failure of the Articles of Confederation and that train of thought when they were drafting and making the Constitution of the USA 0 In the 1780 s the loyalists After the constitution was ratified 0 Alexander Hamilton was the secretary of Treasury 0 John Adams was Vice President 0 George W President Whiskey Rebellion 174 Late Washington term and the tax was implemented to pay back debt to attract investors 0 Farmers who planted corn and made it to whiskey decided not to pass the tax in western Pennsylvania and he puts it down 0 The constitution backs the decision and result of Washington I However the fact that it happened means that the country STILL had liberal tendencies o In 1800 election John Adams and Jefferson rum for president 0 Jefferson win and the federalists in the government were pushed out of the government I The people who vote for Jefferson are in the south and in the west frontier 0 He wants small government and a nation of farmers o By the end of his term the nation is a more modern nation I The people who voted for Adams were in the east and the states with big cities 0 The election of 1800 is called the Revolution because the power was transferred peacefully October 8 2015 The Market Revolution 0 Transforming period went from small economy to expansion and commerce transformation 0 In the early 1800 s 0 Happened because a lot people were committed to not have a rigid and o Transforms people s lives God politics etc 0 Hamilton and Jefferson represent 0 Conservative vs response 0 Theres a split in the government and ideas I Happened because of different states of mind of who the people should run 0 Jefferson supported farmers and thought corrupt people were people who were in markets meaning that they depended on others people labor 0 Hamilton did not agree with Jefferson Philosophy 0 Jefferson follows the French philosophers Rousoue o Considers things that things are better were when things were in a natural organic state however commerce and factory economy were going to corrupt people 0 Humans are virtues and commerce and big economy would corrupt the people I Wanted to import supplies from Europe to keep the USA pure I Nation of Farmers wanted to expand into the west so they could all have independence I Didn t want tax tariffs because he wanted the products from Europe to be cheap so the products produced in the USA would not be able to compete I He was against the creation in the Bank of United States I Wanted to trade with anyone who would sell cheap 0 However he favored France I Small government with independent people 0 Hamilton created the Bank of the United States and used an implied power of commerce 0 Tends to follow philosophers of the Irish Enlightenment 0 An economic system that encouraged growth and protects people in government I Wants people that are intelligent to rise and leave the people of the bottom to be as they are Capitalism is good I Didn t want people to move to the west because it would expand the possible labor force I It dilutes labor force and lets them just go get land I Wants to place taxes on imported goods Make products from other countries cost more because of taxes 0 Wanted to trade with England because that s who he aspired the USA to be in the future 0 Believes in the better sort governing people 0 Economic opportunity allows independence so needs a strong government dedicated to economic growth Jefferson won in the 1800 because the majority of the people were farmers and also known as a barter or moral economy 0 However there were part of the country that had markets economy 0 Living in Boston or Baltimore 0 Farmers could be a market economy too and people in the city could be in the barter economy too Early America in the 1800 s the people of America relied a lot on exchanges in small communities These people were small farmers and they sustained this relationships so they could continue to live peacefully 0 Based on barter o CMC Commodity to money to commodity prime 0 Agriculture determined the pace based on social equality o Kept them on a moral level 0 Most people were keeping time on an agriculture calendar task oriented o In these kinds of community the wealth gap was not so big Richest had about a third of the wealth in the community People who live in cities in the 1800 s the economy had more people to exchange labor and products The goal is to maximize the money 0 Employers in these places determined the pace on life So I these places the clock governed time more 0 In these places the richest 10 owned around 50 of the wealth Barter Economy Market Economy US is a nation of farmers and Jefferson wants a nation of farmers 0 He serves for 8 years 0 By 1824 the USA economy is already by a market economy Jefferson wants a nation of farmers however he creates policies that had unintended consequences 0 In 1800 he brings in a J effersonian in the two branches and the judicial branch is a federalist party that supports economy 0 Role of the Supreme Court 0 Technology supports the economy growth that brings in more growth Jefferson wants 0 Ample support of farm land 0 Small and distant federal government 0 Strict construction of Constitution 0 However 1 and 3 of his desires are in contradiction with each other I Land purchase required implied powers and National Bank Deposits I Indians in the way 0 To deal with them the government needs to create a policy that deals with them I Lands policies favoring small farmers difficult to get 0 Needed to make policies to be able to sell land and as a consequence made a lot of people rich I Jefferson Embargo of 1807 because France and England are still at war and he embargos the USA to make them squirm 0 But it backfires because they are not dependent on the USA and instead it affects the American Merchants and they can t do it 0 Money for trade is know being invested in manufacturing 0 In 1800 there were 8000 spindles o 1811 there were 800000 spindles o 1825 130000 spindles and America was transformed into a market economy by the time Jefferson left office 0 Jefferson followers discarded manufacturing independence of other countries Madison and Monroe developed domestic manufacturing 0 Need strong government and economy to deal with Europe 0 Bank of US reinstated 1816 o Tariffs imposed beginning 1816 0 States being to invest in internal improvements 18161824 Era of Good Feelings partisanship is widespread John Marshal is appointed in 1800 s hardcore federalist as a Supreme Court Justice 1801 1835 0 Believed in business strong government and wanted investors so he wanted a stable economy 0 Case Marbury vs Madison 0 Elections had a long lame duck period wanted to put a lot federalist positions and Madison refused to put Marbury a federalist on the bench I Was a volatile situation he puts him in the bench but establishes a case to intervene in the future 0 Loses the battle but wins the war
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