PS203-LectureOutline11314-RwandaGenocide.pdf POL S 203
Eastern Washington University
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Date Created: 11/04/14
PS 203 Lecture Outline 11314 Rwanda Genocide Learning Goals by the end of the lecture you should be able to 1 Identify and describe the major groups and political elites involved in the Rwandan civil war and genocide 2 Describe the liberal and realist explanations for the origins of the genocide and the critiques 3 Describe the liberal and realist explanations for US inaction on the genocide and the cn ques 4 Describe the liberal and realist arguments for what the US could have done and the critiques 5 Define the following key concepts and illustrate with an example where appropriate Arusha Accords Rwanda Genocide 1 Background 87 are hutu A Habyarimana under siege 198793 1 Economic collapse 1987 Coffee was the primary export there was a shock in coffee market Price of coffee dropped by 50 2 Rwanda Patriotic Front attacks Oct 1990 Group of exiled tutsies launched an attack on the hutus with French help the government pushed him back Hutus formed militias 3 lntl community demands political reforms US threated to pull aid if rawanda didn t democratize 4 Arusha Accords Aug 1993 Agreement between hutus and tutsis power sharing agreement end hostilities and create a transitional governments Offices in the army were supposed to be 50 tutsi UNAMIR was created to enforce the peace agreement B Civil war and genocide 1 Political decapitation Apr 6 1994 2 Belgian peacekeepers leave April 21 3 RPF invades defeats RAF ll What explains the genocide A Realism 1 External interference Military aid fueled the civil war 2 Security dilemma anarchyfear group formation After the coup there is anarchy under conditions of anarchy groups form for protection and fear makes groups attack first Critiques why didn t the militias attack the RPF The killing wasn t spontaneous there was a clear purpose to the attacks not B Liberalism Extremist Hutu ideology ethnic entrepreneurs The key source was the extremist hutu ideology an ethnic entrepreneurs political elites who brainwash the masses to fulfill their desires the government manipulated common people C Critiques Its not very stratifying in explaining the timing there were other opportunities for genocide to take place Ill What explains US inaction A Realism 1 No vital interest 2 Logistical problems a Misinformation Didn t have the intelligence of what was going on high noise to signal ratio only becomes clear in retrospect b Lack of capability Even when the US found out genocide was occurring we didn t have the material capability to do anything Critique we did actually have options B Liberalism 1 Lessons of Somalia Four months earlier black hawk down happened The conflict in Rwanda looked a lot like Somalia to many Americans don t get involved in a civil war in Africa 2 Domestic politics Americans didn t want the US to intervene in a African civil war C Critiques Clinton administration knew the difference between Somalia and Rwanda they just used the analogy as a political cover There was support for a intervention in genocide IV What could have been done A Realism Nothing could be done genocide occurred too quickly B Liberalism The US had enough intelligence to have actually done something the Clinton administration and pentagon decided to ignore this C Critiques