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by: Amber McCarthy

Chapter7.pdf Psych 100

Amber McCarthy
Penn State
GPA 2.5

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One Day of Notes
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This 9 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Amber McCarthy on Wednesday November 5, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to Psych 100 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Greenauer in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Psychology in Psychlogy at Pennsylvania State University.

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Date Created: 11/05/14
Chapter 7 Learning 10O22014 Chapter 7 Learning The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring information or behaviors Expenence Association Classical conditioning learning to link two stimuli in a way that helps us anticipates an event Operant conditioning changing behavior choices in response to consequences Cognitive learning acquiring new info through observation rather than direct experience Behaviorism used by John Watson A proponent of classical conditioning Skinner conceived of utopian communities Watson went into advertising Associative Learning After repeated exposure to two stimuli occurring in sequence we associate those stimuli with each other Neutra stimulus which does not trigger a response Unconditioned stimulus and response triggers a response naturally beforewithout any conditioning The UR and the CR are the same response triggered by different events The difference is whether the conditioning was necessary for the response to happen Unconditional response the feeling you have Do not have to learn Happy Sad Sick Acquisition refers to the initial stage of learning a NSUS association requiring the information Extinction the diminishing of a conditioned response Spontaneous recovery a return of CR despite lack of further conditioning Generalization and Discrimination Generalization tendency to have conditioned responses triggered by related stimuli more stuff makes you drool Discrimination learned ability to only respond to specific stimuli preventing generalization Less stuff makes you drool Classical Operant Conditioning 10O22014 Classical Operant Conditioning 10O22014 Operant conditioning involves adjusting to the consequences of our behaviors so we can easily learn to do more of what works and less of what doesn t work Ex may smile more at customers after getting bigger tips Classical respondent behavior the experimental neutral stimulus repeatedly precedes There is a contrast in the process of cond Thorndike s Law of Effect placed cat in puzzle rewarded them with food and freedom Law of Effect behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely and behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely Behavioral Control Skinner picked up on this Saw potential for exploring and using Edward Thorndike s principles much more broadly Reinforcement refers to any feedback from the environment that makes a behavior more likely to recur Positive adding something desirable Negative taking away ending something unpleasant Mutual Classical Operant Conditioning 10O22014 Kids have temper tantrum may be positively reinforced when parents give in to demands Parents may get negative reinforced when the child responds by ending the tantrum Shaping behavior Rewarding any behavior that comes close to the desired behavior Discrimination refers to the ability to become more and more specific in what situations trigger a response A primary reinforce is a stimulus that meets a basic need or otherwise is intrinsically desirable A secondaryconditioned reinforce is a stimulus which has become associated with a primary reinforcer Delaying gratification a skill related to impulse control enables longerterm goal setting Continuous reinforcement giving a reward after the target every single time Intermittent giving reward part of the time Interval of time May plan for a certain ratio of rewards per number of instances of the desired behavior Fixed interval rewarded every hour Variable interval reward after a changingrandom amount of time passes Fixed ratio every five targeted behaviors Variable ratio rewarded after a randomly chosen instance 39gt 33 Review for Midterm 10O22014 Axon sends message Review for Midterm 10O22014 Dendrites receive message Nuceus is in middle 4 Lobes in brain Fronta in front Temporal near ear temple One in back visual Middle sensory input Frontal lobe judgment decision making Erikson social development 8 stages Moral Cognitive Parenting styles Permissive Authoritative Review for Midterm 10O22014 Authoritarian Independent is what is manipulated Dependent is what is measured Parts of the eye Iris PupH Retna Ces rods cones makes image we see Rods back and white Cones process color Dopmean Serotonin Memory 10022014 The persistence of learning overtime through the storage and retrieval of information 0 Recall retrieving info that is not currently in your conscious awareness but that was learned at an earlier time 0 Recognition identify items previously learned 0 Relearning learning something more quickly when you learn it for a second time o Encoding get info into our brain hippocampus 0 Storage retain that information o Retrieval later get that info back out


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