Module 32 & 33 Notes
Module 32 & 33 Notes SOC 101
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by aubrey on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Whitaker in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Liberal Arts at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 10/08/15
Modules 32 amp 33 pgs 128147 Module 32 Functionalist Perspective on Prejudice Anthropologist Manning Nash Functions racial prejudice serves for the dominant group moral justi cation for maintaining unequal society Discourage subordinate groups from questioning their status Racial myths suggest that any major social change such as an end to discrimination would only bring greater poverty to the group that is the target of the dominant group s prejudice AND lower the dominant group s standard of living Racial prejudice grows when the dominant group s value system is threatened Arnold Rose Dysfunctions caused by racism Society that practices discrimination fails to use resources of all individuals Discrimination aggravates social problems Society must invest time and money to defend barriers to full participation Racial prejudice undercuts goodwill and diplomatic relations between nations Con ict Perspective on Prejudice Exploitation Theory Marx39s ideas explains the basis of racial subordination in the United States 0 Karl Marx viewed exploitation of lower classes as basic part of capitalist economic system 0 From Marxist POV racism keeps minority group members in relatively low paying jobs thereby supplying capitalist Elites with a pool of cheap labor Theory s Limitations Not all minorities groups are exploited to the same extent Some minority groups are targets of prejudice for other than economic reasons ex for religious reasons lnteractionist Perspective Racial Pro ling any arbitrary action initiated by an authority based on race ethnicity or national origin rather than on a person s behavior BASED ON LABELING THEORY Often based on explicit stereotypes 0 Actions initiated by police based on characteristics of someone s appearance rather than his or her actions driving while black Contact Hypothesis states that in cooperative circumstances interracial contact between people of equal status will cause them to become less prejudiced and to abandon old stereotypes o Explains how prejudice can be dismantled Genocide the deliberate systematic killing of an entire people or nation Expulsion of a people is another extreme means of acting out racial or ethnic prejudice Segregation refers to the physical separation of two groups of people in terms of residence workplace and social events Apartheid a wideranging system of segregation Amalgamation happens when a majority group and a minority group combine to form a new group Assimilation the process through which a person forsakes his or her cultural tradition to become part of a different culture Pluralism based on mutual respect for one another s cultures among the various groups in a society Module 33 Racial Minority Groups in the US Afrign Americans Contemporary institutional discrimination and individual prejudice against African Americans rooted in history of slavery Native Americans 554 tribal groups each with their own culture Increasing number of individuals identify themselves as Native Americans Asian Americans One of the fastest growing segments of US population Asian immigrants found disproportionately in low paying service occupations Better educated Asian Americans are concentrated near the top in professional and managerial positions Latinos 0 Mexican Americans 30 million living in the US some descended from residents of territories annexed after the Mexican American War others immigrated from Mexico Since at least 2000 Mexican Americans born in the US far exceeded those who immigrated here 0 Puerto Ricans 4 million living in the US many migrated to New York and other eastern cities are now citizens Have experienced serious poverty in the US Have not been as successful as Mexican Americans at organizing for their rights 0 Cuban Americans Substantial numbers migrated Castro took power via the Cuban revolution Many professionals in 1St wave not so many more recently still behind whites in income rate of employment and proportion of professionals 0 Central and South Americans a diverse population not given much attention in research often referred to as other in government statistics Not all speak Spanish Use complex classi cation system with multitude of color gradients leaving them unprepared for the stark blackwhite divide that characterizes US culture Immigrants come from the gamut of social classes jewish Americans Despite high levels of education and professional training still conspicuously absent form top management of large corporations National survey done in 20091 out of 4 citizens blamed quotthe Jewsquot for the 2008 nancial crisis Many social clubs and fraternal organizations still barJewish citizens from membership WhiteEthnic Groups Irish and Polish Americans etc Ancestors immigrated from Europe over last 100 years Many have fully assimilated into US culture thus ID themselves only symbolically as members of a distinct ethnic group Symbolic Ethnicity self identi cation as an ethnic group member on relatively super cial bases ex the groups distinctive foods or political issues that affect group members Global Immigration 0 At an all time high worldwide 0 Each year about 191 million people move from one country to another 0 Transnamnal39s Immigrants who sustain multiple social relationships that link their societies of origin with their society of settlement 0 Since 19605 US encouraged immigration of resident s relatives and people with speci c skills 0 Research indicated immigrants adjust easily to life in the US Black Power rejected the goal of assimilation into white middle class society Anti Semitism anti Jewish prejudice has often been vicious in the US Symbolic Ethnicity refers to an emphasis on concerns such as ethnic food or political issues rather than on deeper ties ot ones ethnic heritage WATCH THE VIDEO ON BLACKBOARD VIDEO NOTES quotConfronting Discrimination and Prejudicequot 3 Experiments that they did 0 Discrimination against Muslims 0 Bakery in Texas 0 Female Muslim customer and the owner was a white actor they wanted to see what bystanders would do 0 How people respond to Domestic violence incidence they witness when the couples are mixed race 0 When it was a white boyfriend beating up black girlfriend then male passer by didn t intervened but when the roles were switched the by passers intervened 0 Scenario with female overweight actress and how people reacted to her and if they made fun of her or not 0 People would call names and say bad things and nobody would really intervene
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