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Module 16 & 18

by: aubrey

Module 16 & 18 SOC 101

Intro to Sociology
Dr. Whitaker

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About this Document

Detailed notes (with examples) of Modules 16 & 18.
Intro to Sociology
Dr. Whitaker
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by aubrey on Thursday October 8, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Whitaker in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Liberal Arts at Arizona State University.


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Date Created: 10/08/15
Modules 16 amp 18 995 5669 Module 16 0 Social interaction the ways people respond to one another 0 Social structure the way society is organized into predictable relationships Social Interaction and Reality 0 Social Reality is shaped by our perceptions evaluations and de nitions Social Reality is constructed from our social interactions socialization experiences unique personal history and from your interactions with others in daily life 0 Social interaction and what constitutes reality varies across cultures 0 The ability to de ne social reality re ects a groups power within a society 0 William I Thomas recognized that the quotde nition of the situationquot could mold the thinking and personality of the individual People not only respond to the objective features of a person or situation but also to the MEANING Elements of Social Structure 0 Social Structure society s network of predictable social relationships 1 Statuses A socially de ned position within a group or society ex students children athletes employees a Ascribed status a status assigned to you at birth which in most instances cannot be changed b Achieved status a status you attain through your own efforts c Master status a status that has so much signi cance to others that they perceive its occupant exclusively as that one status as being 39that kind of person ignoring all the other statuses the person has 2 Roles A socially de ned set of expectations about how you should act if you occupy a certain status i A status is a social position you have occupy a role is how you re supposed to act when in position b Role Con ict emotional discomfort you feel because you have 2 roles that con ict with each other what you re supposed to do for one role con icts with what you re supposed to do for the other role EXAMPLE work vs hw c Role Strain emotional discomfort you feel in performing the duties of one role you have EXAMPLE military having to kill d Role Exit relinquishing a role usually done in order to take on a new role that goes with a new status you have or are about to have 4 Steps 1 Doubt from frustration burnout unhappiness in the role 2 Search for alternatives 3 Action Departure 4 Creation of new identity 3 Groups 2 or more people with similar norms values and expectations who interact with each other on a regular basis 4 Networks Social Network A series of social relationships that links you directly to some people and links you indirectly to even more people 5 Virtual Worlds a Online social networks created and maintained through technology smart phones texting webcams online social media sites amp b Webbased 3D animated societies such as quotsecond lifequot which humans participate in via their avatars 6 Institutions a Social lnstitutions an organized pattern of beliefs and behaviors centered on basic social needs Functionalist View institutions perform essential functions replacing personnel teaching new recruits producingdistributing goods and services preserving order giving members a sense of purpose to motivate them to continue their membership Con ict View institutions have an inherently conservative nature They serve to maintain the power and privileges of society s elites while keeping the 39havenots downtrodden lnteractionist View Institutions in uence your social behavior according to what statuses you occupy in themwhat roles you play in them Module 18 Types of Groups oPrimary Group small size longterm facetoface interaction relationships are friendly cooperative and have emotional depth Secondary Group large size timelimited interaction relationships tend to be taskoriented minimal if any emotional depth olnGroup a group to which you feel you belong 39your group OutGroup a group to which you feel you do NOT belong people who are NOT in 39your group Reference Group any group you use as a standard for assessing yourself and your actions You may adopt the reference group s norms values behaviors etc To the extent you wish to become like members or to become a member yourself Coalition an alliance between individuals who are working toward a common goal


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